HIMANSHI BHADOURIA PRABHJOT CHHABRA SONAM WADHWANI SWARNIM GUPTA

 The

term morphology comes from classical Greek (morphê) and means the study of shape or form

 Morphological Analysis

works through very simple processes, using two common principles of creativity: decomposition and forced association The problem is broken down into component variables and possible values identified for each. The association principle is then brought into play by ‘banging together’ multiple combinations of these values.

 Morphological

analysis is a proven ideation method that leads to "organized invention." The technique allows for two key elements:  It’s a systematic analysis  Invention of new alternatives.

The first to use it was J.W. von Goethe(17491832),  It was introduced to denote the principle of formation and transformation of organic bodies  Swiss astronomer ERITZ ZWICKY in 1948 used it in a more generalised form.  He used it in the field of ASTROPHYSICS and ROCKET RESEARCH  From the late 1960s to the early 1990s, a limited form of MA was employed by a number of engineers, operational researchers and policy analysts.

 MORE

THAN 100 PROJECTS HAVE BEEN CARIED OUT USING COMPUTER AIDED MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS  IT HAS BEEN USED IN STRUCTURING: COMPLEX POLICY  PLANNING POLICY  SCENARIO DEVELOPMENT  ANALYSING ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE etc.

This method breaks down a system, product or process into its essential sub-concepts. each concept represents a dimension in a multidimensional matrix. New ideas are found by searching the matrix for new combination of attributes that do not yet exist. It doesn’t provide any specific guidelines for combining the parameters.

• developing scenarios and scenario modeling laboratories; • developing strategy alternatives; • analyzing risks; • relating means and ends in complex policy spaces; • developing models for positional or stakeholder analysis; • evaluating organizational structures for different tasks; • presenting highly complex relationships in the form of comprehensible, visual models.

 Morphological

analysis provides key insights on new research directions.  Morphological analysis can provide a multitude of combinations and permutations not yet explored.  This technique allow for a systematic analysis of the current and future structure of an industry (or system) and identification of key gaps.

 An

overabundance of possibilities. Morphological analysis may yield too many possibilities.Human judgments are still needed to direct the outcome.  • Human error. The development of morphological boxes requires critical judgments. If the underlying thought processes are not insightful, the outcomes of these methods will be weak

 PROBLEMS

AT HAND IS STUDIED  DIMENSIONS OF THE PROBLEMS ARE LISTED  Identification and characterization of all parameters toward a solution;  THEN WE GENERATE A LIST OF ATTRIBUTES UNDER EACH DIMENSIONS  THEN WE CONSTRUCT A MULTIDIMENSIONAL MATRIX (morphological box) WHOSE COMBINATIONS WILL CONTAIN ALL POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

 COMBINATIONS

OF ALL ATTRIBUTES ACROSS THE DIMENSIONS ARE EXAMINED ( EVEN IF THEY APPEAR UNUSUAL OR IMPRACTICAL)  Evaluation of the outcome is done which is based on feasibility and achievement of desired goals  Then in-depth analysis of best possibilities considering available resources is done .

In Morphological Field we put all the conditions and there parameters in box in a organised way

DISASTER REDUCTION STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT

IN THIS CASE COMPARE RISK PREPAREDNESS HAZARDS

STUDY WE IDENTIFY AND REDUCTION STRATEGY AND FOR DIFFERENT TYPES OF USING MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

FIRST THING WE DO IS THAT WE IDENTIFY AND DEFINE MOST IMPORTANT PARAMETERS FOR OUR STUDY WE HAVE IDENTIFIED THE FOLLOWINGS  HAZARDS  RISK REDUCTION STRATEGY  UNSAFE PHYSICAL CONDITIONS  ADEQUATE CAUTION MEASURES  ADEQUATE PREPAREDNESS MEASURES

 TAKING

THESE PARAMETERS INTO CONSIDERATION WE DEFINE VARIOUS CONTIONS UNDER WHICH THESE PARAMETERS CAN EXIST.  THESE CONDITIONS CAN BE WILD OR ILLOGICAL . WE SIMPLY TAKE ALL THAT INTO CONSIDERATION FOR THE TIME BEING

HAZARDS

REDUCTION STRATEGY PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF

PHYSICAL CONDITIONS POPULATION DENSITY

CAUTION MEASURES BUILDING STD. FOR NEW CONRTRUCTIO N

PREPAREDNE SS MEASURES WARNING SYSTEM

EARTHQUAK E

FLOODS

REDUCE SEVERITY OF HAZARD REDUCE PHYSICAL EXPOSURES REDUCE CONSEQUENCES

UNSAFE LOCATION

RELEVENT EDUCATION & TRAINING URBAN RENOVATION

EVACUATION SYSTEM

FIRE

LACK OF DISASTER PLANNING

TROOPS AVAILABILITY

TERRORISM

RISK TRANSFER

 Total

number of configurations in this are 4*5*3*3*3 = 540 So it means that there are in total 540 possible solutions before the consistency check.  NOW OUR NEXT STEP IS CROSSCONSISTENCY MATRIX.

 “y“

= These two conditions can/should coexist.  “X” = These two conditions cannot/should not, co-exist.

HAZARDS

RISK REDUCTION STRATEGY

UNSAFE PHYSICAL CONDITIONS

ADEQUATE CAUTION MEASURES

ADEQUATE PREPAREDN ESS MEASURES WARNING SYSTEM

EARTHQUAKE

PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF

POPULATION DENSITY

BUILDING STD. FOR NEW CONRTRUCTION

FLOODS

REDUCE SEVERITY OF HAZARD REDUCE PHYSICAL EXPOSURES

UNSAFE LOCATION LACK OF DISASTER PLANNING

RELEVANT EDUCATION & TRAINING URBAN RENOVATION

EVACUATION SYSTEM TROOPS AVAILABILIT Y

FIRE

TERRORISM

REDUCE CONSEQUENCES
RISK TRANSFER

HAZARDS

RISK REDUCTION STRATEGY PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF

UNSAFE PHYSICAL CONDITIONS POPULATION DENSITY

ADEQUATE CAUTION MEASURES BUILDING STD. FOR NEW CONRTRUCTION

ADEQUATE PREPAREDNES S MEASURES WARNING SYSTEM

EARTHQUAKE

FLOODS

REDUCE SEVERITY OF HAZARD
REDUCE PHYSICAL EXPOSURES REDUCE CONSEQUENCES RISK TRANSFER

UNSAFE LOCATION
LACK OF DISASTER PLANNING

RELEVENT EDUCATION & TRAINING
URBAN RENOVATION

EVACUATION SYSTEM
TROOPS AVAILABILITY

FIRE

TERRORISM

  •  •  •  •  • 

TOTAL NO. OF CONFIGURATIONS 1*2*3*3*3= 54 Earthquake/reduce consequences/population density/building std. for new construction /evacuation system Earthquake/reduce consequences/population density/building std. for new construction /warning system Earthquake/reduce consequences/population density/building std. for new construction /troops availability Earthquake/reduce consequences/population density/ relevant education and training /troops availability Earthquake/reduce consequences/population density/ relevant education and training /warning system.

FLOOD MORPHOLOGY
RISK REDUCTION STRATEGY PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF UNSAFE PHYSICAL CONDITIONS POPULATION DENSITY ADEQUATE CAUTION MEASURES BUILDING STD. FOR NEW CONRTRUCTIO N ADEQUATE PREPAREDNESS MEASURES WARNING SYSTEM

HAZARDSOG Y EARTHQUAK E

FLOODS

REDUCE SEVERITY OF HAZARD
REDUCE PHYSICAL EXPOSURES REDUCE CONSEQUENCE S RISK TRANSFER

UNSAFE LOCATION

RELEVENT EDUCATION & TRAINING
URBAN RENOVATION

EVACUATION SYSTEM

FIRE

LACK OF DISASTER PLANNING

TROOPS AVAILABILITY

TERRORISM


 • • • • •

TOTAL NO. OF CONFIGURATIONS 1*2*2*2*3= 24 Floods/reduce consequences/unsafe location/ relevant education and training /warning system. Floods/reduce consequences/unsafe location/ relevant education and training /evacuation system. Floods/reduce consequences/unsafe location/ relevant education and training /troops availability. Floods/risk transfer/unsafe location/ relevant education and training /troops availability. Floods/risk transfer/unsafe location/ relevant education and training /troops warning system.

HAZARDS

RISK REDUCTION STRATEGY

UNSAFE PHYSICAL CONDITIONS

ADEQUATE CAUTION MEASURES

ADEQUATE PREPAREDNE SS MEASURES

EARTHQUAK E

PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF

POPULATION DENSITY

BUILDING STD. FOR NEW
CONRTRUCTIO N

WARNING SYSTEM

FLOODS

REDUCE SEVERITY OF HAZARD

UNSAFE LOCATION

RELEVENT EDUCATION & TRAINING

EVACUATION SYSTEM

FIRE

REDUCE PHYSICAL EXPOSURES
REDUCE

LACK OF DISASTER PLANNING

URBAN RENOVATION

TROOPS AVAILABILITY

TERRORISM

 

NO. OF CONFIGURATION POSSIBLE = 1*3*2*2*1= 12

FIRE/PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF/UNSAFE LOCATION/ RELEVENT  EDUCATION AND TRAINING/EVACUATION SYSTEM FIRE/PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF/UNSAFE LOCATION/ BUILDING  STD. FOR NEW CONTRUCTION/EVACUATION SYSTEM FIRE/PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF/LACK OF DISASTER  PLANNING/ BUILDING STD. FOR NEW  CONTRUCTION/EVACUATION SYSTEM FIRE/PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF/LACK OF DISASTER  PLANNING/RELEVENT EDUCATION AND  TRAINING/EVACUATION SYSTEM

HAZARDS EARTHQUAKE

RISK REDUCTION STRATEGY PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF

UNSAFE PHYSICAL CONDITIONS POPULATION DENSITY

ADEQUATE CAUTION MEASURES BUILDING STD. FOR NEW CONRTRUCTION

ADEQUATE PREPAREDNESS MEASURES WARNING SYSTEM

FLOODS

REDUCE SEVERITY OF HAZARD

UNSAFE LOCATION

RELEVENT EDUCATION & TRAINING

EVACUATION SYSTEM

FIRE

REDUCE PHYSICAL EXPOSURES

LACK OF DISASTER PLANNING

URBAN RENOVATION

TROOPS AVAILABILITY

TERRORISM

REDUCE CONSEQUENCES RISK TRANSFER

1*1*1*1*1 = 1

TERRORISM/PREVENT HAZARD ITSELF/UNSAFE LOCATION/ RELEVENT EDUCATION AND TRAINING/TROOPS AVAILABILITY

 TOTAL

NO. OF CONFIGURATIONS = 540  TOTAL No. OF RELEVENT CONFIGURATIONS =54 + 24 + 12 + 1 = 91 TOTAL No. OF IRRELEVENT CONFIGURATIONS = 540 - 91 = 449

 DEVELOPMENT

OF NEW RESIDENCIAL AREAS  DEVELOPMENT OF NEW INDUSTRIAL AREAS  IMPLEMENTATION OF GOVT. POLICIES IN A PARTICULAR GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS ETC.

For example, the McDonnell Douglas corporation under contract to the National Aeronautics and  Space Administration employed morphological analysis in an astronomy planning study. The  technique was used to explore three dimensions: astronomical bodies; portions of the  electromagnetic spectrum; and particular parameters of interest, such as angular resolution. The  following matrix was developed with each cell representing a potential series of measurements.  EXAMPLE OF A MORPHOLOGICAL BOX

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