EE-480 Wireless Communications Week 1

Dr. Sajjad Shami EED SST UMT Lahore
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House Rules
Please place your mobiles on silent Please note that Lecturers cannot focus and concentrate on the topic if there is noise and disruption during the lecture

Anyone who disrupts the lecture will be marked absent or asked to leave and will be awarded minus five mark in the next quiz. INDISCIPLINE OF ANY KIND WILL RECEIVE A MINUS FIVE MARK PENALTY.
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Participants Self

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1. Lecture Slides 2. Textbook Sections 3. Textbook Examples 4. End Problems 5. Other Sources: Web, articles etc.
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COURSE OUTLINE 5 .

overview of multiple access techniques and example wireless communication systems. techniques used to combat the channel. 6 . Topics that will be covered are: the wireless communication channel. cellular communication principles.   This course deals with the fundamental and practical aspects in the analysis and design of wireless systems.

7 .e and f of the HEC Electrical Engineering Curriculum. The course directly contributes to objectives a. channel assignments strategies. there will be discussions on cellular planning. The course will also give an overview of Wi-Fi systems and Bluetooth technology. handoffs etc. fading.   Starting from the transmission fundamentals to case study of systems like GSM and CDMA.d. propagation.

 EE315 Signals and Systems 8 .

They shall also have familiarity with state of the art technologies like GSM and CDMA systems. d and i of the HEC Electrical Engineering Curriculum. 9 .   After completing this course students will have basic understanding of wireless communication systems at the physical layer. This course strongly supports expected outcomes a. b.

2002  Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice by T.  Online Tutorials 10 . Mohana Shankar. Recommended Text:  Wireless communications and networks. 2001.  Reference:  Introduction to Wireless Systems by P. Rappaport. second edition by William Stallings. 2005.

throughout the course. Students are also encouraged to enrich their knowledge by searching the Web and making use of any reference library with a view to doing course assignments independently.• • It is vitally important that students use their tutors as support and as a resource. 11 .

  Candidates missing more than 20% of the lectures will receive “F” grade in the course. Please arrive in time 12 .

 Plagiarism is an offence. development tools and program syntax errors. 13 . Exam candidates attempting to gain an unfair advantage or colluding in anyway whatsoever are liable to be disqualified.  These are not honour violations and you can learn a lot from your colleagues in the course. However it is ok to cooperate with your colleagues to help them to resolve problems with things like operating the computers.

14 .  All media [CDs etc] must be virus free Media containing viruses. will result in a FAIL grade being awarded for this module. or media which cannot be run directly.

    Quizzes and Assignments[4-8]: 30% marks Mid term Exam: 30% marks Final Exam: 50% marks Total: 100 marks 15 .

Detail TOPIC No of Lectures  Introduction Overview of Wireless Systems Evolution of wireless communication Trends in wireless communication 2 Examples of wireless communication systems Technical challenges of wireless communication  Transmission Fundamentals Analog and Digital Data Transmission Channel Capacity Transmission Media Multiplexing Propagation Characteristics. Small Scale Fading. Large Scale Fading. Path Loss Models. Channel Modeling 2  Wireless Channel 2 16 .

GSM and CDMA. Frequency Reuse Channel Assignment Strategies Handoff Strategies Interference and System Capacity Improving Coverage and Capacity in Cellular System Signal Encoding. Spread Spectrum Modulation. Discussions on 2G. Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum No of Lectures  Cellular Communication 4  Cellular Concept 6  Modulation Techniques 2 17 . Cell splitting. Interferences. Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum.Detail TOPIC Cellular Network Principles Study and overview of different Cellular technologies like AMPS. Cell Shapes. 3G and 4G systems.

WiMAX. No of Lectures  Multiple Access Techniques 4  Wireless Standards Cordless systems. WLL. and Mobile IP 2  Wireless LANS. 4 18 . Frequency Division Multiple Access. Bluetooth.Detail TOPIC Time Division Multiple Access. Code Division Multiple Access. Study of its implementation as LAN. Wi Fi & Bluetooth A wireless communication technology for the communication of computers.

INFORMAL QUIZ 19 .

  Ref: Stallings Chapter 1: 20 .

 Guglielmo Marconi invented the wireless telegraph in 1896 Communication by encoding alphanumeric characters in analog signal Sent telegraphic signals across the Atlantic Ocean  Communications satellites launched in 1960s  Advances in wireless technology Radio. communication satellites  More recently Satellite communications. cellular technology 21 . television. wireless networking. mobile telephone.

audio  Shares same advantages of all wireless services: convenience and reduced cost …how?  How. Service can be deployed faster than fixed service No cost of cable plant Service is mobile. deployed almost anywhere 22 . Apps?  Apps: Graphics. video. Higher data rates obtainable with broadband wireless technology..

    Wireless is convenient and less expensive Limitations and political and technical difficulties inhibit wireless technologies Lack of an industry-wide standard Device limitations ?? E. small LCD on a mobile telephone can only display a few lines of text E. browsers of most mobile wireless devices use wireless markup language (WML) instead of HTML 23 .g.g...

   William Stallings Wireless Communications and Networks 2e 2005 Overview of textbook  24 .

   Chapters 2-4 Provides preview and context for rest of book Covers basic topics ◦ Data Communications ◦ TCP/IP 25 .

  Basic overview of transmission topics Data communications concepts ◦ Includes techniques of analog and digital data transmission    Channel capacity Transmission media Multiplexing 26 .

  Comparison of basic communication network technologies …which are ? These… ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Circuit switching Packet switching Frame relay ATM 27 .

    Protocol architecture Overview of TCP/IP Open systems interconnection (OSI) reference model Internetworking 28 .

   Chapters 5-8 Underlying technology of wireless transmission Encoding of analog and digital data for wireless transmission 29 .

   Cellular wireless network design issues First generation analog (traditional mobile telephony service) Second generation digital cellular networks ◦ Time-division multiple access (TDMA) ◦ Code-division multiple access (CDMA)  Third generation networks 30 .

 Principles of radio and microwave ◦ Antenna performance ◦ Wireless transmission modes ◦ Fading 31 .

  Signal Encoding Wireless transmission ◦ Analog and digital data and signals  Spread Spectrum Modulation ◦ Frequency hopping ◦ Direct sequence spread spectrum ◦ Code division multiple access (CDMA) 32 .

   Error Detection Correction codes Automatic repeat request (ARQ) techniques 33 .

    Frequency Division Multiple Access Time Division Multiple Access Code Division Multiple Access Packet Radio Access 34 .

  Chapters 10-12 Examines major types of networks ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Satellite-based networks Cellular networks Cordless systems Fixed wireless access schemes  Use of mobile IP and Wireless Access Protocol (WAP) to provide Internet and Web access 35 .

    Geostationary satellites (GEOS) Low-earth orbiting satellites (LEOS) Medium-earth orbiting satellites (MEOS) Capacity allocation 36 .

  Cordless systems Wireless local loop (WLL) ◦ Sometimes called radio in the loop (RITL) or fixed wireless access (FWA)  WiMax 37 .

  Modifications to IP protocol to accommodate wireless access to Internet Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) ◦ Provides mobile users access to telephony and information services including Internet and Web ◦ Includes wireless phones. pagers and personal digital assistants (PDAs) 38 .

   Chapters 13-15 Examines underlying wireless LAN technology Examines standardized approaches to local wireless networking 39 .

   Overview of LANs and wireless LAN technology and applications Transmission techniques of wireless LANs ?? These are … ◦ Spread spectrum ◦ Narrowband microwave ◦ Infrared 40 .

11 committee WiFi 41 .  Wireless LAN standards defined by IEEE 802.

  Bluetooth is an open specification for wireless communication and networking …used for ?? Used for … ◦ Personal computers ◦ Mobile phones ◦ Other wireless devices 42 .

html ◦ Useful web sites.com/StudentSupport. wireless courses  Computer Science Student Support Site ◦ WilliamStallings.std.com/Wireless2e.wireless ◦ comp.html  Newsgroups ◦ comp. Web page for this book ◦ WilliamStallings. internet mailing list.* 43 .dcom.

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