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Solar Architecture

Designing The Buildings Of The FUTURE

► Solar

Ancient times using a range of ever evolving Technologies ► Solar Technologies include Solar Heating, Solar Photovoltaics, Solar Thermal Electricity, and Solar Architecture ………... Which can make considerable contributions to solving some of the most urgent problems in the world now faces.

the sun has been harnessed by humans since

energy ,a radiant light and heat form

There are Two types of Solar energy utilization, They are:ACTIVE Solar Energy PASSIVE Solar Energy

Solar Energy Passive Solar – sunlight used to light. . heat and cool a building. Active Solar – a system of solar collectors used to create electricity or heat a building.

Solar energy collection and utilization systems that donnot use external energy .Active Solar Technology is employed to convert Solar energy into another more useful form of energy by suing Electrical or Mechanical equipment for this conversion .

.store and distribute sloar enegy in the form of hest in winter and reject sloar heat in the summer It does not use any Electrical or Mechnaical equipments.Passive Solar Technology is used in windows walls and floors are made to collect .

Size of the Sun=696.476.000 Km .000 Km Distance from Sun to Earth =149.

500 times the world’s Annual energy use .The Ammount of incident Solar energy on Earth each year is =160times the world’s proven resources of fossil fuels =1.

distribution and control of energy flow by natural processes of heat and mass transfer WORKING DEFINITION Use natural energy (sun. humidity. air movement) .DEFNITION Collection. etc.) to conserve conventional energy for achieving thermal comfort Thermal comfortrefers to comfortable indoor conditions (temperature. wind. storage.

Classes of Solar energy Utilization Solar energy can be utilized in the following ways:Solar Architecture Solar Thermal Solar Electricity * Off Grid * Grid connected Secondary Solar energy * Wind power * Geothermal heating .

whilst creating unique and visually stunning designs .Solar Architecture Solar Architecture refers to create buildings with the perfect utilization of solar energy Solar photovoltaics enable Architects to create buildings which produce their own Low Carbon Energy .

Solar Architecture Options Solar Louvres Plant Screens Solar Grazing Solar Facades *Solar Rain Screen Cladding *Optimised Rain Screen Cladding .

. Solar shading also reduces glare for PC users and increase occupant comfort whilst generating clean renewable electricity. The use of louvres or brise soleil to shade south facing facades is a proven means of reducing solar gain. reducing the need for artificial cooling.Solar Louvres Shading is an important part of low energy building design that minimises glare and over heating caused by excessive solar gain.

Standard ‘cassette’ solutions. receiving a large amount of solar radiation on at least two sides of the building. are easily manoeuvred into position and can be mounted on a range of existing standard framing systems.Plant Screens Photovoltaics are an obvious choice as a protective solution for plant equipment and roof mounted facilities. Plant screens are naturally well positioned to incorporate solar panels. incorporating multiples of solar panels. .

Solar Glazing can be used wherever conventional glass would be specified – such as curtain walling.Solar Grazing Solar Glazing is a unique combination of solar photovoltaics and glass. and can be integrated into sealed glazing systems or conventional bolted glass structures. where the PV cells are laminated between two panes of specialised glazing. atria. windows and shading canopies. The resulting glass laminate serves the dual function of creating energy and shade at the same time. .

This maximises the amount of electricity generated. offering up to 30% more energy from each square metre of PV panel. It is best for buildings with large areas available for Solar Facade installation . flat facade surface for any building. with a striking aesthetic.Solar Facades Rain Screen Cladding Vertical Solar Facades directly replace conventional rainscreen cladding materials providing a smooth. This solution is best for buildings where the area available for Solar Facade is limited Optimised Rain Screen Cladding Optimised Facades replace conventional rainscreen cladding with rows of PV panels tilted towards the sun.

Types of Solar Modules There are many types of solar modules using presently in the world . .and *Amorphous Silicon or Thin Film Module. *Multi Crystalline Module . They are :*Single Crystalline Module.

and is one of the largest PV systems in the UK. the Co-operative Insurance Society (CIS) asked Solarcentury to develop a solution for Creating a facade at their head quarters in Manchester with PV panels. The CIS solar tower will generate enough electricity to light 61 average three-bed houses every year. providing specialised PV knowledge and design. It demonstrates how Solar Rain Screen Cladding can be readily incorporated into building refurbishments to provide an extremely cost effective alternative to conventional cladding materials. The project created the largest commercial solar facade in Europe. Arup then employed Solarcentury to act as PV consultants and system integrators.solartower.Solar Rain Screen Cladding CIS ‘Solar Tower’ Manchester In June .co. www.

C I S ‘Solar Tower’ Manchester .

Architect Fanos Solar cladding is the ideal solution for projects where space is limited. with further panels mounted on the front of the building as cladding. . Meanwhile the ‘fit and forget’ nature of PV means it is a good renewable to choose for busy organisations where maintenance could be a costly issue.Solar Plant Screen Harris Academy . The PV panels were simply mounted on the south-facing elevations of the plant enclosures on the top of the school’s five blocks. London The Harris Academy in South Norwood was designed by John McAslan + Partners.

Harris Academy London .

Ahmedabad . Shimla ► Himachal Pradesh state cooperative bank.shimla ► MLA hostel .Gurgaon ► Torrent Architecture centre .shimla ► American Institute of Insian Studies.Solar Architecture in India ► Himurja office building .

Himurja office Building Shimla Himachal pradesh state cooperative bank(Shimla) .

Solar Architecture in Andhra Pradesh In Andhra Pradesh Solar energy is used for many purposes and At present Solar energy is used for lighting up the villages in Remote areas and as street lights in many pats of Andhra Pradesh There are many on going projects in Andhra Pradesh Also .

Factors affecting perfomance Climate Temperature Shading .

Solar Architecture Building Integrated Photovoltaics – Atlantis Energy Sunslates .

Solar Architecture AUSTRIA Vocational School 13Kw Institute for Marketing 22Kw .

Solar Architecture Germany Mont Cenis Academy .

Solar Architecture Italy Children’s Museum Rome .

Solar Architecture Canada Center for Sustainable Living .

Solar Architecture Australia Shell Harbor Workers Club .

Solar Architecture Korea Wind Solar Hybrid System at Ieodo .

Solar Architecture Japan SBIC East Head Office Building .

Solar Architecture United States Solar Sunflowers .

Benefits of Solar Architecture ► Lower Energy bills year ahead ► Large windows and wiesa ► Sunny interiors ► Quiet ► High Owner satisfaction & high resale value ► Greater Independence from Future rises in Fuel Costs ► Reduce in Environmental harmful components .

Pro’s & Con’s Pro’s *Modest upfront costs *Less Pollution is occurred *Energy can be reused & saved Con’s *Periodic maintance required *Difficult to refit on existing homes *Public distrust of dependability . www.greenbuilder.References Source: Internet .org www.wikipedia.

Thank You… .