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Scheduling Resources and Costs

Chapter 8

Scrambled Eggs .

Material .Equipment .physical factors .People .Introduction • Resource dependency > technological/logical dependency • Types of Resource Constraints: .

Introduction • Resource scheduling problem: .time constrained projects .resource constrained projects  Resource schedule  Assign time-phased costs  Project budget base-line .

Resource allocation methods • Time-constrained project focuses on resource utilization SMOOTHING resource demand • 3 goals of Smoothing: Reduce the peak of demand for the resource Reduce resources over the life of the project Minimize the fluctuations in resource demand • Drawbacks: Loss of flexibility Increase of the risk of delaying project .

allocation: MATHEMATICAL solutions >> Impractical for large problems Use of HEURISTICS • Heuristic priority rules: 1. Lowest activity identification number . Smallest duration 3. Minimum slack 2.Resource allocation methods • Resource-constrained project focuses on resource prioritization.

but a tool • 1st option: leveling within the slack: goal? To preserve the original finished date • 2nd option: Leveling outside of slack: csq? Extension of the duration project • Drawbacks: Reduce slacks >> Reduce flexibility Increase the number of critical activities .Computer demonstration of resource-constrained scheduling • ! The software is not ‘managing’ the project.

equipment or people) resumption • Limitation – “interruption”/Large start up or shut down costs • Lengthens the time of the original activity • Conclusion – costs are minimal and time is not absolutely constraint .Splitting tasks • Scheduling technique towards better project schedule and increase resource utilisation • Starting diversion (resource.

Benefits of scheduling resources • • • • Time to consider reasonable alternative Cost time trade offs Changing priorities Ability to prepare time phased work package budgets with dates • Flexibility assessment .

Assigning project work • Match demands & requirements with qualification & experience • Temporary usage • Who does what and who works with whom? • Matching experienced with new workers .

Multi-project Resource Schedules • Overall Schedule Slippage • Inefficient resource utilization • Resource bottlenecks Solutions: • First come first served system > queue system • Information Systems: • Outsourcing: .

Resource Schedule to develop a project cost baseline • Why do we need a time-phased budget baseline • Throughout the life of the project there is no way to know how much work was accomplished for the money spent .

Questions? .