Thunderbolt™ Technology

The Transformational PC I/O
Tanbin Islam Siyam 0707043

with technical collaboration of Apple. . • Developed by Intel. • Originally codenamed Light Peak.Introduction • Thunderbolt is an interface for connecting peripheral devices to a computer via an expansion.

. supports data (PCI Express) and HD display (DisplayPort) connections over a single cable.Introduction (cont.) • Thunderbolt™ technology is a transformational I/O innovation. • 10 Gbps of full duplex bandwidth per channel.

Features at a glance • • • • • Dual-channel 10Gbps per port Bi-directional Dual-protocol (PCI Express and DisplayPort) Compatible with existing DisplayPort devices Daisy-chained devices .

) • Electrical or optical cables • Low latency with highly accurate time synchronization • Uses native protocol software drivers • Power over cable for bus-powered devices .Features at a glance (cont.

.Refining the I/O • I/O technology evolve to provide higher bandwidth of data transfer with every generation upgrade of IT. • It transmits them in a single cable and able to manage traffic routing with intelligent hardware controllers. • We now have two discrete type of I/Oo Display o Data • This two fundamental I/O protocol is combined in Thunderbolt technology within a single meta-protocol.

) HD Display Data storage Laptop • Devices in Daisy chain connection supported. • Hotplug Ready. .Refining the I/O (cont.

• no sharing of bandwidth between ports or between upstream and downstream directions. . • Thunderbolt port is capable of providing the full bandwidth of the link in both directions.Protocol Architecture • Thunderbolt technology is based on a new architecture with full-duplex links.

) • The Thunderbolt protocol physical layer is responsible for link maintenance including hot-plug detection. • The heart of the Thunderbolt protocol architecture is the transport layer. and data encoding to provide highly efficient data transfer. Figure: Thunderbolt™ Technology Architecture. .Protocol Architecture (cont.

Protocol Architecture (cont. .) • DisplayPort and PCI Express protocols are mapped onto the transport layer. • Mapped protocol packets between a source device and a destination device may be routed over a path that may cross multiple Thunderbolt controllers. Figure: PCI Express and DisplayPort transported between Thunderbolt™ controllers over a Thunderbolt cable.

Protocol Architecture (cont. • So available standard drivers are capable of using them. a protocol adapter recreates the mapped protocol in a way that is indistinguishable from what was received by the source device. • Thunderbolt technology-enabled product devices appear as PCI Express or DisplayPort devices to the operating system of the host PC. .) • At the destination device.

Controller Architecture • Hostside Thunderbolt controllers have one or more DisplayPort input interfaces. a PCI Express interface along with one or more Thunderbolt technology interface. the host-side controller enables system vendors to easily incorporate Thunderbolt technology into their designs. • A single chip. .

Comparison Chart .

Conclusion • Thunderbolt is fast and balanced in performance. and is only a cable away. • It simplifies device management with smart features like daisy chain etc. workstation-level performance feature expansion can be packaged as standalone accessories. • With Thunderbolt technology. • Thunderbolt technology opens doors to entirely new system and product designs. .

• http://www.apple. • ‘Intel Light Peak: Overview’. 2010.References • ‘Thunderbolt Technology’. Intel Corporation. February 25. June.com/technology/io/thunderbolt/index. 2011.htm • http://www. Intel Corporation. Technology Brief.intel.com/thunderbolt/ .

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