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and an enclosure. ntertainment. From the 80s onwards. The first computer monitors used Cathode ray tubes (CRTs). The monitor comprises the display device.A monitor or display (sometimes called a visual display unit) is an electronic visual display for computers. The display device in modern monitors is typically a thin film transistor liquid crystal (TFT-LCD) thin panel. computers have been used for both data processing and entertainment. which was the dominant technology until they were replaced by LCD in the 21st Century. circuitry. while older monitors use a cathode ray about as deep as the screen size. while display tube monitors .
It is the only way to enter commands on a command-line interface . the keyboard remains the most commonly used and most versatile device used for direct (human) input into computers. However. other keys or simultaneous key presses can produce actions or computer commands. text editor or other program. A keyboard typically has characters engraved or printed on the keys and each press of a key typically corresponds to a single written symbol. such as the mouse. numbers or signs (characters). A keyboard is also used to give commands to the operating system of a computer. either with regular keyboards or by using keyboards with special gaming features. A computer keyboard distinguishes each physical key from every other and reports all key presses to the controlling software. Keyboards are also used for computer gaming. In normal usage. the keyboard is used to type text and numbers into a word processor. pen devices. which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys. While most keyboard keys produce letters. In a modern computer. Following the decline of punch cards and paper tape. touchscreen. Despite the development of alternative input devices. which brings up a task window or shuts down the machine.a keyboard is a typewriter-style keyboard. the interpretation of key presses is generally left to the software. interaction via teletype-style keyboards became the main input device for computers. which can expedite frequently used keystroke combinations. character recognition and voice recognition. to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches. to produce some symbols requires pressing and holding several keys simultaneously or in sequence. such as Windows' ControlAlt-Delete combination.
or extra buttons or features that can add more control or dimensional input. which allows for fine control of a graphical user interface. Physically. which allow the user to perform various system-dependent operations. such as "wheels". The mouse's motion typically translates into the motion of a cursor on a display. . with one or more buttons.MOUSE In computing. a mouse is a pointing device that functions by detecting twodimensional motion relative to its supporting surface. It sometimes features other elements. a mouse consists of an object held under one of the user's hands.
some printers are combined with a scanners and/or fax machines in a single unit. commonly known as network printers. Individual printers are often designed to support both local and network connected users at the same time. multi-function devices (MFD). Many printers are primarily used as local peripherals. In addition. or to image capture devices such as digital cameras. Printers that include non-printing features are sometimes called multifunction printers (MFP). typically wireless and/or Ethernet based. scanners. Some printers. or all-in-one (AIO) printers.PRINTERIn computing. Most MFPs include printing. in most newer printers. a USB cable to a computer which serves as a document source. have built-in network interfaces. and copying among their many features. and can function as photocopiers. . and are attached by a printer cable or. scanning. usually on physical print media such as paper or transparencies. a printer is a peripheral which produces a text and/or graphics of documents stored in electronic form. a few modern printers can directly interface to electronic media such as memory cards. and can serve as a hard copy device for any user on the network.
test and measurement. have evolved from text scanning "wands" to 3D scanners used for industrial design. or an object. reverse engineering.In computing. Common examples found in offices are variations of the desktop (or flatbed) scanner where the document is placed on a glass window for scanning. an i mage scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner— is a device that optically scans images. Hand-held scanners. orthotics. where the device is moved by hand. printed text. handwriting. gaming and other . and converts it to a digital image.