LECTURER: EN.

MUHAMAD HAFIZ BIN SHAFIE

GROUP MEMBER: MOHAMAD AZWAN B. HUSSAIN CT SHUHANA BINTI BAHAYAHKHI SAIDATUL RABI’AH BINTI MD FADZIL HASMAH BT IBERAHIM DE100042 CE100150 CE090047 CE090134

with a lesser role played by his colleague Hidetsugu Yagi. which led to its widespread use.The Yagi-Uda array was invented in 1926 by Shintaro Uda of Tohoku Imperial University. Japan. but published in Japanese.  The work was originally done by Shintaro Uda.  The work was presented for the first time in English by Yagi (who was either Uda's professor or colleague) who went to America and gave the first English talks on the antenna.  .

It’s one of the most famous and used directional parasitic antennas. Uda probably invented it.Hence. even though the antenna is often called a Yagi antenna. .

A picture of Professor Yagi with a Yagi-Uda antenna .

Generating a much higher signal-to-noise ratio than other antenna designs. .The Yagi-Uda antenna is directional antenna designed to maximize reception over long distances. the Yagi-Uda antenna has become the de factor standard in antenna applications in almost all stationary applications utilizing frequencies above 10 MHz.

A Yagi-Uda antenna is familiar as the commonest kind of terrestrial TV antenna to be found on the rooftops of houses. It is usually used at frequencies between about 30MHz and 3GHz. . or a wavelength range of 10 metres to 10 cm.

Yagi antenna usually used at frequencies between about 30MHz and 3GHz .

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the director directs RF energy.• This middle element is generically called the "driven element". • The other two outer elements are generically called parasitic elements. The reflector reflects RF energy. it actually drives the whole antenna. • These elements get their name from the job they do. One is called the Reflector and the other one is called the Director element. . This is because this is the only element that is connected directly to the radio.

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Twin lead Driven element with twin lead cable connection .

Driven element with coaxial cable connection .

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radiation is emitted.  A simple antenna with two equal length rods extending outward from each other in a straight line. When current passes through the dipole. UV radiation. visible light.  The element of a Yagi-Uda array that is connected to the signal generator. microwaves. The entire range of radiation covering the frequencies from 0 to approximately 10^23 hertz. gamma rays. and radio waves. . x-rays. In order of decreasing frequency the radiation goes. infrared radiation. The remaining elements are known as directors or reflectors. cosmic rays.

 The elements of a Yagi-Uda array that direct and focus the signal towards the driven element and reflector. . The element of a Yagi-Uda array that reflects the focused signal back toward the driven element.  The distance it takes for a waveform to propagate one cycle.

 The number of cycles a waveform completes in one second. .  The measure of how much the signal is amplified by the antenna.  A term referring to electrical charge passing through a medium.

. Refers to the current that is produced in a medium when that medium is exposed to a magnetic field (and the medium is not directly coupled with the magnetic field source).

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 In the field of antenna design the term radiation pattern (or antenna pattern or far-field pattern) refers to the directional (angular) dependence of the strength of the radio waves from the antenna or other source. .

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they are simply straight rods! The reflector element is typically 5 % longer than the driven element and the director is typically 5 % shorted than the driven element. .• • There is no magic circuit located inside the elements.

.Schematic of the operating principle of the original Yagi–Uda antenna for radio frequencies.

Signal comes in-phase .

Yagi-Uda antenna pattern (2D) .

Signal comes outphase .

Signal comes out-phase .

• We can even add more directors elements to increase the gain. Adding more reflector elements has NO more effect on the gain of the antenna. .

Yagi-Uda antenna pattern (2D) .

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net/aschmitz/anten nas/calcantenna.com/calculator_3elem ent_yagi.marktwain. http://users.shtml .html  http://mapleleafcom.

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html  www.wikipedia.hamuniverse.php .authorstream.org/wiki/Yagi-Uda_antenna  signalengineering.shtml  www.com/calculator_3element_yag i.com/ultimate/yagi.changpuak.com/Presentation/sachin sachin-180517-basic-antenna-theoryconcepts-entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/  mapleleafcom.ch/electronics/yagi_uda_an tenna.authorstream.html  en.com/yagibasics. www.com/Presentation/sahara n49-605897-antenna-ppt/  www.