What is IP?

An Overview

Anton Hilario
CCDA, CCNA, CSE

What is IP? – An overview

Smart Technology Overview

1G/ Analog

GSM (Digital)

3G

What is IP? – An overview

What’s Next?

WiMax

LTE

Comparison

Smart Technology Overview

1G/ Analog

GSM (Digital)

3G

What is IP? – An overview IP What’s Next? Why do I need to know? Importance to our lives How can I use the knowledge I gained in IP? WiMax LTE Comparison Smart Technology Overview 1G/ Analog GSM (Digital) 3G .

Analog .

GSM(Digital) .

GSM(Digital) .

GSM(Digital) *The Philippines alone sends on the average 400 million text messages a day or approximately 142 billion text messages sent a year. more than the annual average SMS volume of the countries in Europe. and even China and India .

3G .

HSPA+ .HSDPA. HSPA.

MMS. WAP • Digital Phones • Smart Gold • Smart Buddy • Prepaid card • PureTxt100 • HSPA • HSPA+ • Share it Wireless Router • Smart Bro SurfTV .1G/ Analog • Voice • Analog Phones • Talk & Text • Smart Money • Smart e-Load • Pasaload 3G • Canopy Antenna • SmartBro • Video Call • HSDPA • MyTV • SmartBro USB Modem • Red Mobile • SmartBro Prepaid • Plug N’ Talk 1991 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 IP • Smart Link GSM (Digital) • Voice • SMS.

.

WiMax • Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access • It supports 40mbps for upload & 10mbps for download with a distance of 30 miles • Cost effective network connectivity over difficult terrain • IP based technology • Broadband on demand without the need of cables • Hotspots • Residential .

.

LTE • Long Term Evolution • It supports 100mbps (upload) & 50mbps (download) with a distance of 62 miles • Allow operators to achieve even higher peak throughput • Offers full vehicular speed mobility • A flat IP-based network architecture .

.

5G -HSDPA -HSPA -HSPA+  40kbps 60kbps 384kbps 2mbps 11.Technology Comparison TECHNOLOGY Legend: Past  Current  Future  DATA Upload Download VOICE SMS/ MMS/ WAP Video Call Analog (1G) GSM (2G) 2.5mbps 14.5mbps 40kbps 240kbps 14.5mbps 28mbps  WiMax LTE 40mbps 100mbps 10mbps 50mbps .5G -GPRS -EDGE 3G – 3.

Why do I need to know about IP?

What is a Network

Physical Components of a Network .

Resource-Sharing Functions & Benefits • • • • Data and applications Resources Network storage Backup devices .

Open System Interconnection (OSI) Layer File Transfer. coding Hardware means of sending and receiving data on a carrier  . Remote Login. Telnet  ASCII Text. Sound (syntax layer)  Establish/manage connection  End-to-end control & error checking (ensure complete data transfer): TCP  Routing and Forwarding Address: IP  Two party communication: Ethernet  How to transmit signal. Email.

SENDER RECEIVER .

SENDER Application Presentation Sesssion AR SA DA AR SA DA AR Transport Network Data Link Send the Fish CDO to MLA CDO to Masbate to MLA Physical Water .

SENDER RECEIVER Application Application Presentation Sesssion Presentation Sesssion Transport CDO to MLA CDO to Masbate to MLA AR SA DA Transport Network Data Link AR DA Network Data Link Physical Send the Fish Physical Water .

Speed & Throughput? • Bandwidth o The amount of data that can be carried from one point to another in a given time period (usually a second) o capacity • Speed o Connection test on what will be the response time between you computer and the internet/server using ping and tracert • Throughput o Is the average rate of successful message delivery over a communication channel .What is Bandwidth.

1000 Liters = Bandwidth Water Pipe Water Pipe Size = Speed Amount of water reached on the destination/s = Throughput Water Pipe .

S.was created in 1969. NASA was formed – Focused mainly on computer science and information processing – To connect mainframe computers at different universities around the country – Able to communicate using a common protocol • ARPAnet -.U. 1957 – Space and strategic missile research • In 1958.the world's first multiple-site computer network -.The Birth of Internet • ARPA . government's research agency. – Eventually grew into the Internet – Based on the concept that there would be multiple independent networks – Pioneering in packet-switching network .

Wired Connections • Phoneline Networks – Dial up – Cable or ADSL Modem • Ethernet – transmit data. video. and audio – At rates up to 100Mbps to 1000Mbps – Leased Line .

Connection to the Internet .

Leased Line DSL/ Cable Wireless Dedicated Highway Over the Air Shared Highway .

Determining the Data DATA Source Address Destination Address .

Internet Protocol • For transmitting data over the Internet • On the Internet. which uses a set of rules to exchange messages with other Internet points at the information packet level – Internet Protocol (IP). which uses a set of rules to send and receive messages at the Internet address level (IPv4 & IPv6) • Used to identify the device uniquely among all other devices connected to the network or on the Internet . there are the TCP/IP protocols. consisting of: – Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).IP .

acknowledge Computer A Computer B 46 Unang Hakbang St. Yes that is my IP Address.. Philippines 1226 Destination Address .Hello! Computer B.5 INTERNET Hi! Computer A. is this your IP Address? 192. Galas. QC.10. I will send a DATA for you.168. Data Internet Protocol Data Source Address SMART Tower 6799 Ayala Avenue Makati.

Data Computer A Internet IP Computer B .

What is an IP Address? – They uniquely identify each device on an IP network. networking device. – Every host (computer. – Host ID: • Identifies the individual host • Is assigned by organizations to individual devices Network Host . peripheral) must have a unique address.

Barangay SPRATLY Network # 89 #1 #2 # 11 Host #3 # 10 # 12 # 69 .

How to Check your IP Address? .

.

24 .3.xxxxxxxx.IPv4 • • • • • Consists of 32 bits Using binary notation (Base2).168.xxxxxxxx 32 bits Octets 0-255 The name "octets" derives from the positions the numbers can have in the binary form of the IP address.296 (232) Segmented four 8-bit fields called octets Each octet is converted to a decimal number (base 10) from 0–255 Separated by a period (a dot) 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 xxxxxxxx. equivalent to 4.294. which is actually used by computers.967.xxxxxxxx. Binary Format Dotted Decimal Notation 11000000 10101000 00000011 00011000 192.

from Decimal to Binary 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 x x x x x x x x 63 198 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 223 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 .Sample .

Let’s compute: from Decimal to Binary 85 211 119 139 111 48 199 38 221 178 .

23.Classes of IPv4 addresses Class A IP address • Ranging from 1 to 126 • First octet define as Network.777.214 unique IP addresses 123.88 Network Host . other three octets as Hosts • A total of 16.41.

23.Classes of IPv4 addresses Class B IP address • Ranging from 128 to 191 • First two octets define as Network.88 Network Host . other two octets as Hosts • A total of 65.41.534 unique IP addresses 133.

41.88 Network *Class D addresses is for Multicasting *Class E addresses is for Experimental Host .Classes of IPv4 addresses Class C IP addresses • Ranging from 192 to 223 • First three octets define as Network.23. last octet as Hosts • A total of 254 unique IP addresses 196.

IP Address Classes: The First Octet .

255.255 reserved for loopback testing and cannot be assigned to a network .0 to 127.0.IP Address Ranges * 127.255.0.

78 119.10.7 199.2 139.62.18 38.100 .87 178.92 221.69.87.99.88.25.Activity – Identify what classes of IP Address 85.87.267.91 211.1 111.223.69.35.111.114.23.78.10 48.12.3.4.36.

Public and Private IP Address Public IP Address • For use on the Internet or other Wide Area Network (WAN) Private IP Address • Concerns over the growing shortage of IP Addresses • Will not be assigned to any system connected to the global internet or public access • Use in Local Area Network (LAN) .

Public IP Address .

0 to 172.255.0 to 192.255 .0 to 10.0.Private IP Address Class A B C Private Address Range 10.0.0.255.255 192.0.255 172.16.255.168.168.31.

To be able to access the INTERNET Public IP Address Translate/ Convert Private IP Address .

.

8.36 110.16.267.35.3.100 .31.3.10 150.87.8.69.99.7 40.2 172.168.88.78.7 10.111.1 192.92 172.69.4.9 219.223.Activity – Identify what class & type of IP Address 130.6 118.9.10.

IPv6 • 128-bit address system • Hexadecimal. about two to the one-hundred twenty-eighth power of unique addresses – Billions of new internet users & devices – New kinds of internet applications – Always-on internet. everywhere .

Importance of IP Technology to our lives? .

Web Tech Innovations that Change our Lives .

Web Tech Innovations that Change our Lives .

g. storage) • WiFi (Wireless Fidelity) • Video Conferencing • Firewall • Virtual Private Network • Mobile Internet • Multicasting (e.TECHNOLOGY Hardware Applications • Network Sharing (e. printer.g IPTV) • Home Automation Software Applications • Email • Web Browser • VoIP • Enterprise Software's • Chat Internet Applications • Social Networking • Web Based Email • Video Sharing • Web Based Dictionary • Online Gaming • E-Commerce • Search Engine Lifestyle Work Environment Business .

How can I use the knowlegde I gained in IP? .

The Road to Wireless .

as well as cellular and enterprise backhaul . businesses and homes  Innovations in 3G technologies will add groundbreaking data capabilities to mobile handset and handheld PC users  First generation WiMAX technology will be broadly deployed to hotspots.Mobility Goal – Always Best Connected  All types of wireless network will be deployed around the world  Wi-Fi hotspots will proliferate in public places.

.

Billions of people worldwide will be communicating over internet .

Many people will have access to multiple technologies .

.

Wireless will become standard and broadly adopted by the industry .

Evolution + Innovations .

• The major competing technologies WiMAX and LTE will deliver WiMax or LTE soon. • How 4G will impact.Open Mobile Internet • The hottest mobile device design trends. • The role of WiMAX/ LTE in delivering service in rural and under served locations. and how these will accommodate users growing mobility requirements • New killer applications for both consumer and business customer will be looking for. social networking. content distribution and video capabilities .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful