This classical dance form originated from the state of Tamil Nadu It has its inspirations from the sculptures of the ancient temple of Chidambaram located near Pondicherry Bharatanatyam. as the name depicts is the combination of. Bha Ra Ta .

Music Ta – Means “Tala” . The Devadasis were women who dedicated their lives to serving the temple deity as dancers and musicians and their performances were an inherent part of the elaborate temple and court rituals.Bha – Means “Bhava” . .Rhythm Traditionally the dance was performed by Devadasis (community of temple dancers) in the ancient temples.Expressions Ra – Means “Raga” .

Vadivelu Balasarswati Rukmini Devi Mrinalini Sarabhai . Ponaiyah. Sivanandam.Famous Bharatanatyam Dancers The modern day Bharatanatyam was given the formal shape by these four Nattuvanars (widely known as Tanjaore Bandhu) Chinnaiya.

The Basics Of Bharatanatyam (3N) Bharatanatyam is generally referred to have three distinct streams or aspects: Nritta. This means that these steps. They are primarily meant to add beauty to the dance form . movements or gestures are not meant to convey any message or thought. Nrittya and Natya Nritta is pure dance or sequences of dance that are non interpretative in nature.

Natya is usually performed with a mythologial theme. head and eye movements to convey the message. The gestures in this stream convey messages like depicting a king. emotions and description. This consists of leg. etc.Nrittya on the other hand is an interpretative dance and involves a lot of sentiments. neck. It involves acting out a story for the audience using expressions. like on the stories of Ramayana or Krishnaleela. hand. indicating that it is morning time etc. Natya is dance drama and its main technique is Abhinaya. Also the actors may dress like the character. .

Namaskar – A Traditional way to start Before starting the sessions. . we shall always do the NAMASKAR. Here the dancer bows down in respect to the following: • Musicians • Stage • God • Guru • Audience The Namaskar is done both before the dance and at the end of it.

Legs Together MANDIFull Seated Position .Adavu (The initial steps) The basic positions are: ARAIMANDIHalf Seated Position. SAMAPADAM .

. adavus are combined to form a dance sequence in Bharatanatyam.More about Adavus The word “Adavu” means basic step Adavus forms the ABC’s of pure dancing(Nritta) in bharatanatyam. Just like a combination of alphabets give words and thereafter sentences.

An Adavu is the combination of: Position of the legs (Sthanakam) Posture of our standing (Mandalam) Walking movement (Chari) Hand gestures (nritta hastas) All the four done in synchronization with Rhythm or Tala is ADAVU. Every Adavu will have certain number of steps and would have a BOL or syllable like “Tai Ya. .Tai Hi”.

Following are the Ten important Adavus Tatta Adavu Natta Adavu Visharu Adavu Tattimitti Adavu Tirumanam Adavu Murka Adavu Jati Adavu Kuditamitta Adavu Mandi Adavu Sarikal Adavu .

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