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PATIENT HELPER

By: GUIDED BY: FARZAD TAHERI SRI T.G.GIRIKUMAR PARTH RANJAN SINGH Professor, EEE Dept PRATHI SHASTRY M.S.R.I.T, Click to edit Master subtitle style Bangalore JAGADISH D KINI

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INTRODUCTION
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A person suffering from paralysis or any other injury has to always rely on a helper. He cannot move around to perform routine tasks like switching on/off a fan , tube light etc. Our project aims at providing a solution to the same. 4/24/12

Appliances can be turned on and off and light dimmer functions can also be achieved by simply bending his fingers. Our project also includes a mechanism to control wheelchair motion.
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Glance at components used:


Flex sensor Arduino package with ATmega 168 microcontroller Xbee wireless module Relays H-bridge Stepper Motor
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PROJECT DESIGN
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Input Module Communication Module Output Module


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Block Diagram
Flex Sensor
Home Applianc es Wheelcha ir Microcontroll er

ZigBee Tx ZigBee Rx

Relays

Microcontroll er

HBridge

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Input Module

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Circuit Diagram

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Communication Module

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Output Module

Wheel chair navigation control:


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H BRIDGE

Itis anelectronic circuitthat enables a voltage to be applied across a load in either direction.

These circuits are often used inroboticsand other applications to allow DC motors to run forward and backward.

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Switches ON S1 and S4 S3 and S2 S1 and S3 S2 and S4 4/24/12

Motor Status Forward Reverse Brake Brake

Denoted As State 1 2 0 0

The L293D is designed to provide bidirectional drive currents of up to 600-mA at voltages from 4.5 V to 36 V Motor 1 StateMotor 2 State Wheel Chair Assigned to
Motion finger Ring Little Index Middle 0 1 1 4/24/12 2 1 0 1 2 Left Turn Right Turn Forward Backward

DC MOTOR
Itis anelectric motorthat runs ondirect current(DC) electricity. DC motors can operate directly from rechargeable batteries.
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1000RPM 12V DC Geared Motors For Robotics Applications

Very Easy To Use And Available In Standard Size.

5kgcm Torque

q No-Load Current = 60 MA(Max), Load Current = 300 MA(Max) 4/24/12

Home appliance control :


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Relays

A relay is a switch which is operated by electricity It is usually electromagnetic device When a small trigger voltage is applied to a relay ,power supply to the device is switched on When the trigger voltage is removed, the power supply for the device is also cut off Some relays can be triggered directly by a microcontroller output

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Advantages of Relays:

It can be used to turn on and off appliances with trigger pulses from the microcontroller

Can be used to switch for higher current than a microcontroller can produce

Provides electrical insulation to the sensitive components

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Advantages of Patient Helper:

No need for a person to remain with the patient at all times

Easy to use

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Additional functions can be added easily. Zigbee covers more distance compared to transmission using IR rays (which is used in some remote controls) The existing wheel chair control systems are difficult to use and master.

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Future Work

Communication module needs to be configured, installed and programmed The Output module of control of appliances using relays needs to be setup

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REFERENCES
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Towards a Body Sensor Network based gesture interface for intelligent home applications dated AUG 2009
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V-ris Jaijongrak ; Chantasuban, S. ; Thiemjarus, S. ; School of Information, Computer & Communication Technolgy (ICT), Thammasat Univ., Pathum Thani, Thailand ,

Design and development of a handglove controlled wheel chair dated MAY 2011
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Akmeliawati, R.; Tis, F.S.B.; Wani, U.J.;Dept. of Mechatronics Eng., Int. Islamic Univ. Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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THANK YOU
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