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LAUNCHING OF SOUTH ASIA REGION URBANIZATION KNOWLEDGE PLATFORM

Urban Regeneration & City Competitiveness

THE WORLD BANK

Narinder Nayar
Chairman, Bombay First Colombo March 20-21, 2012

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IMPORTANCE OF MUMBAI City of Gold

Big Advantage : Time Zone


Worlds 6th largest Metropolitan region .

Generates 38% of the countrys GDP and pays 40% of its taxes. Bombay Stock Exchange is the largest stock exchange in South Asia, the 12th largest in the world . Mumbai is home to countrys key financial regulators. Major hub of business, industry and services. 97% of foreign banks are located in Mumbai.

The Maximum City was in danger of losing its edge.


Some factors contributing to the problem: Poor infrastructure and services. Inadequate investments. Lack of urban planning. Rapid increase in population. Out-of-date regulations on land use and rent control. Mushrooming of slums. High cost of living and doing business.

HEL P!

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Bombay First

Stepped In

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Bombay First

Established in 1995, Modelled on London First A Think Tank for the city

BOMBAY FIRST Mission


Bombay First is an initiative to make the city a better place to love, work and invest in. It aims to serve the city with the best that the private business can offer. IT will achieve this by addressing the problems of today and the opportunities of tomorrow, through partnerships with government, business and civil society.

The Vision

Transforming Mumbai into a world class with a vibrant economy and a globally comparable quality of life for its citizens

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Vision Mumbai

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Bombay First requested McKinsey to undertake a study on Mumbai and the problems the city faces Vision Mumbai This study proposes a

Key Findings

Mumbai economic growth rate down to 2.4% - lower than that of the State and the Country Population in excess of 13 million - Suffer from inadequate housing and public health / sanitation facilities Overloaded infrastructure inadequate water supply, roads, transport, waste disposal etc. adversely impacting Quality of Life - A classic case of Urban Decay

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What followed the Vision Mumbai report:


With active support from the Chief Minister

Formed a Task Force headed by Chief Secretary

Established a focal point in Mantralaya Secretary, Special Projects

Citizens Action Group (CAG) constituted by the Government and chaired by Chief Minister

Mumbai Development Fund (MDF) in principle was approved

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Six sub-groups and a grand vision


Strategic Planning
Chaired by Mr. Narinder Nayar

Economic Growth
Chaired by Mr. Anand Mahindra

Housing
Chaired by Mr. Deepak Parekh

Six main areas of transformation identified:

Governan ce
Chaired by Mr. Ranjit Pandit

Physical Infrastructure Social Infrastructure


Health & Education
Chaired by Mr. F. C. Kohli Chaired by Mr. Naseer Munjee

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Role of Bombay First

Bombay First through its Chairman & Governing Board participates actively in conceptualizing and formulating plans for the future.

Bombay First through the CAG provides a link with other NGOs and thus collects information about the citizens aspirations and expectations. It plays an active role in putting these across to the Authorities.

Bombay First through participation in the meetings of the Empowered Committee effectively conveys to the Government the views of the citizens and works as a sounding board. In turn the Empowered Committee attaches considerable importance to this PPP

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Public Private Partnership


Citizens Action Group (CAG)
Consists of 30 eminent
citizens from cross sections of society,
Role and Objectives of Citizen Action group: To Function as an external monitoring mechanism and to complement and monitor the Government efforts. To Focus on the resources of civil society and on the objectives defined by Vision Mumbai Task Force. To generate energies, ideas, linkage, resources and Citizen Participation. To promote effective, responsive and proactive Governance in Mumbai. To continue functioning in a dynamic manner in accordance with the changing needs of Mumbai beyond Vision Mumbai. vBombay First to act as the Secretariat of CAG

Chaired by Chief Minister of Maharashtra Vice Chairman Narinder Nayar

To be managed by

citizens - self-driven and self-regulated - for membership and process

Bombay First to act as Empowered the Secretariat of CAG Committee (EC)

Chaired by Chief Secretary, Government of Maharashtra (includes


8 other members from the Private sector)

Role and Objectives of Empowered Committee: To create a comprehensive multi-year plan for the transformation of Mumbai and Mumbai Metropolitan region. This plan should include all major development projects and policy changes. To take all the key policy and other decisions related to the plan of transformation of Mumbai To monitor all key initiatives for Mumbais transformation. The Committee will be empowered to decide on the financing model for key capital projects.. It is also authorized to decide on the selection of projects and funding under the Mumbai Development fund. An area identified as a major hurdle , in any delay in implementation of various projects along with lack of accountability. To overcome this, War Room was established under Chairmanship of the Chief Minister to monitor and review the implementation of various projects. 4/24/12

INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR MUMBAI TRANSFORMATION


Prime Ministers Office Govt. of Maharashtra Citizens Action Group (CAG) Empowered Committee (EC) Govt. departments and agencies Chaired by Chief Minister

Chaired by Chief Secretary

Secretary, Special Projects Mumbai Transformation Support Unit (MTSU)

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Partners in Transformation

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Major Challenges Identified

Planning Governance Implementa tion Housing Transport Climate Change Security

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Challenges:
q

Housing: 9 million live in slums. 300,000 migrants annually. 1 mn homes required. The population density is estimated to be about 22,000 persons per sq. km. No gardens and open spaces. Transport: Multiple agencies. 21st century traffic carried on 19th century infrastructure . Climate Change: Consequences not fully Realized. Battling the sea water rise. Planning: Lack of proper planning, ad hoc buildings constructed, no open spaces.

q o o

4/24/12 the city is open space VS the global standard of 2.5 %. 0.33% of

Governance : Mumbai is currently run by multiple agencies

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Have an Orchestra but no Conductor

Problem of timely implementation of Major Projects


Bombay First proposed to set up a War Room

CM will need to Spend just 1 hour Every 15 days

A visual war-room housed at Mantralaya

Start with top 25 MMR


projects/ policies

Weekly/Monthly dashboards and updates to ministries/ agencies to debottleneck project implementation

Extend to the
whole state if applicable

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Challenges of Security following 26/11

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26/11

Challenges of Security following

Bombay First jointly with London First organized three international conferences:

Lessons from 9/11, 7/7 and 26/11 for Safer Cities -

White Paper 16th Jan. 2009

on Security

Secure London 6th July 2009 Megamorphosis Security & Resilience Summit

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Bombay First Initiative: Security Training

Following on from the International Conferences Bombay First has worked closely with the Maharashtra Police and the London Police to arrange training programmes in Hostage Negotiation and Counter Terrorism. Installing 5000 CCTV cameras

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If one does not know to which port one is sailing, no wind is favourable.

..Seneca

Where are we heading Where do we want to be by 2052

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Unique Initiative - 40 year Concept Plan


Bombay First strongly advocated the need of a 40 year Concept Plan for the city of Mumbai. Government accepted the recommendation and International Consultants appointed and work commenced March 2010 and completed in September 2011

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OVERALL CONCEPT STRATEGIES

TO FIND LAND FOR CITY CENTRE REDEVELOPMENT AND EXPANSION TO REVITALIZE THE CITY AND INTEGRATE SUBURBAN AREAS TO DECENTRALIZE DEVELOPMENT FROM GM BY IDENTIFYING LAND FOR CITY EXTENSION FOR CREATING INTEGRATED RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITIES TO DEVELOP TRANSPORTATION NETWORK AND LINKAGES WHICH STRENGTHEN THE POSITION OF MMR AS A GLOBAL FINANCIAL AND SERVICES CENTRE TO DISTRIBUTE BUSINESS AND EMPLOYMENT OPPURTUNITIES REGIONALLY TO INTEGRATE COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR A HEALTHY AND PLEASING ENVIRONMENT

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Proposed Concept Plan 2052

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Cost benefit Analysis Criteria


Creation of new land Bank Land Banking Cost
(reclamation/land acquisition/Infrastructure

Option 1
4,200(island) USD 7.56bn(inland) USD 29.4 bn

Option 2
4,200 ha (CBD) USD 21.37 bn (reclamation) USD 294 bn USD 272.63 bn

Option 3
4,780 ha (CBD) USD24.86 bn (Reclamation) USD 334 bn USD309.14. bn

Land Yield (land value based on current land price)

Net Gain ( land value minus land/infra cost) USD 21.84 Other gains

City of Cities

Nil City of Connections

Connecting bridge Connecting bridge

City of Islands

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WATER SUPPLY & FLOOD CONTROL - Proposed Mahim Barrage

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Enlivening the magic of Mumbai


HERITAGE RESTORATION AND CBD REJUVENATION

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Distinctive Global Financial Centre


CBD and Mumbai Inner City Revitalization
Heritage Precinct Revitalization New Financial District

New back bay promenade

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Nariman Point Redevelopment

New Cultural Hub

Click to edit Master subtitle style

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Glimpses of a Global City


The Engine of Growth : your CBD Vibrant 24/7 City: Quality Housing Choices:

Pleasant and Affordable

Information City Intelligent City Safe Environment

Seamless Connectivity: Fast


Connection s

Vibrant Economy

Excellence in Urban Management:

A Global Cultural Hub

Shanghai Pudong - Recreation & Exposition Ener Hubs gy CBD Cultural icons Comfort in travel Tram Ener Paris gy

Was te

Heritage & Ener gy Identity

Solar EnergySweden Public Transport Seamless Connectivity Public Realm Wat er

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tions taken by Bombay First


Security White Paper WATER Urgent need to develop a plan to make Mumbai self sufficient not depend upon monsoons Singapore experience TRANSPORT UMMTA
Academicians on :

MEGAMORPHOSIS Background Papers prepared by Experts and

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. .

Economic Growth Governance Housing Education Health Care Physical Infrastructure Implementation & Accountability Establish WAR ROOM in Chief Ministers office Advocated need for Planning 40 year Concept Plan

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Major Projects identified as Part of the Transformation Agenda. Housing


Slum Rehabilitation: Rehabilitate 6 million people in 10 years. Dharavi Redevelopment Project Cluster Redevelopment approach for reconstruction of dilapidated buildings: Policy announced. Release of LandMRTS: A 146 km long metro rail network ULCA

Transport ation

MUTP: Enhancing existing suburban rail network MUIP: Enhancing Mumbais road network Western Sea-Link: 21-km Western freeway sea-link Monorail network: Work started on 20 out of 70 kms Skywalks for pedestrians Water transportation Air-conditioned fleet taxi service

Planning

Creation of 2032/2052Concept Plan for MMR to guide socio-economic

Solid Waste Management Project development of the region Other Infrastructure Mumbai Sewage Disposal Project: Rehabilitate and augment

sewerage network

Brihan Mumbai Storm Water Drain Project (BRIMSTOWAD): Rehabilitate & augment drain network Water Supply Projects: Augmenting water-supply in Mumbai and the

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PPORTUNITIES - Waiting to be grabbed !!!


Despite gloom and doom around the world, INDIA will still grow this year between 8-9 % Bombay Offers: The leader of South Asian culture in the emerging Asian Age.

Talent Magnet: The New York of Asia. Investment of US $60 billion envisaged in Mumbai. Second International Airport. Setting up Exhibition and Convention Centres. Setting up of Malls considerable avenue for retail business. 5000 acre Science & Innovation Park. Trans Harbor Link 21Km long sea link. Establishing Mumbai as an International Financial Centre. Development of 17 high speed junction / signal corridors under the MUIP. Development of Eastern sea front. Metro 9 corridors- 146 km line. Heritage preservation. Port Trust Land Development, 750 hectares- 50% 4/24/12 unutilized.

We neglect our cities to our peril, for in neglecting them we neglect the nation.
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JOHN F.

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