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MEANING OF EVALUATION

Evaluation has its origin in the Latin word Valupure which means the value of a particular thing, idea or action. Evaluation, Thus, helps us to understand the worth, quality, significance amount, degree or condition of any intervention desired to tackle a social problem. Meaning of evaluation:

Evaluation means finding out the value of something. Evaluation consists of assessments whether or not certain activities, treatment and interventions are in conformity with generally accepted professional standards.

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Purpose of Evaluation
From an accountability perspective:
The purpose of evaluation is to make the best possible use of funds by the program managers who are accountable for the worth of their programs. Measuring accomplishment in order to avoid weaknesses and future mistakes. -Observing the efficiency of the techniques and skills employed 4/24/12

Purpose of Evaluation
Form a knowledge perspective: The purpose of evaluation is to establish new knowledge about social problems and the effectiveness of policies and programs designed to alleviate them. Understanding peoples participation & reasons for the same. Evaluation helps to make plans for future work.
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Principles of Evaluation
The following are some of the principles, which should be kept in view in evaluation. 1.Countinuity: Evaluation is a continuous process (continuity). 2. Evaluation should involve minimum possible costs (inexpensive). 3. Evaluation should be done without prejudice to day to day work (minimum hindrance to day to day work).
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Principles of Evaluation
5. As far as possible, the agency should itself evaluate its program but occasionally outside evaluation machinery should also be made use of (external evaluation). 6. Total overall examination of the agency will reveal strength and weaknesses. (agency / program totality). 7. The result of evaluation should be shared with workers of the agency (sharing). 4/24/12

Stages in Evaluation.
1. Program Planning Stage.

Pre investment evaluation or Formative evaluation or Ex ante evaluation or Pre project evaluation or Exploratory evaluation or Need assessment. Monitoring Evaluation or Concurrent evaluation Ongoing / interim. Early / Formulation

2.Program Monitoring Stage.


3.Program completion Stage. 4/24/12

Steps in Evaluation:

Learning about the program Creating on evaluation plan & Evaluation indicators Briefing the concerned people about the evaluation plan & indicators Revising and elaborating the evaluation plan Initiating Evaluation Utilizing / Sharing the Information
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Areas of evaluation:
Evaluation may be split into various aspects, so that each area of the work of the agency, or of its particular project is evaluated. These may be, 1.Purpose 2.Programs 3.Staff Administration 5.General. Purpose:

4.Financial

The review the objectives of the agency / project and how far these are being fulfilled. Aspects like number of beneficiaries, nature of services rendered to them, their reaction to the services, effectiveness and adequacy of services etc. may be evaluated.
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Programs:

Staff:

Financial Administration:

The flow of resources and its consumption is a crucial factor in any project / agency. Whether the project money is rightly consumed any over spending in some headings, appropriation and misappropriation. These are some of the indicators that reveal the reasons for the success or failures of any project. Factors like public relations strategies employed by the project / agency, the constitution of the agency board or project advisory committee and their contribution future plans of the agency are important to understand the success or failures of any project.

General:

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