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Disaster Management

Disaster Management Process

Earthquake Flood Cyclone Tsunami Landslide & Avalanche

Natural Disasters

ManMade Disasters
Nuclear Disaster Chemical Disaster Biological Disaster Terrorist Attack

Source: AMI-Partners ( 2012


Requirement of ICT in Different phase of Disaster Management

Requirement of ICT Network During Various Phases of Disaster Continuum

Mitigation Phase

Consists of pre-disaster activities necessary to be implemented in advance Networking requirements to support the mitigation phase should meet key attributes, like the need to move large volume of data/ information, broad connectivity among a diverse group of organizations etc. modeling/prediction tools for trend and risk analysis

Preparedness activities range from early warning, community development, training, logistic support Distribution of warning data through a dedicated network during the preparedness Preparedness Public awareness through broadcast announcements and access to disaster web pages


Response Phase

Communications among response teams and to the general public become most vital Major challenges are presented by extreme conditions of infrastructure destruction, communication traffic peaks, mobile users, and sensitive data Management of property and casualty status, resource information, and response priorities

Recovery Phase

Bulk of the data needs during recovery include significant onsite data collection related to rebuilding, claims processing, and documentation of lessons learnt Maintain database of migration process and historical data

Source: AMI-Partners ( 2012


Information management Cycle

Gathering data

Identifying Needs

Analyzing & Output Information

Disseminating Information

Source: AMI-Partners ( 2012


Application Development

Objectives of Application Development

Refers to the active association among the various users involved in disaster management process.

Guidelines for Applications Development: Fast response Reliability of the information Application design should be user friendly Standardization of data Data recovery Preference of open source technology


Standardization provide a uniform reporting and data format


Computer based tasks which with minimum human intervention.

Resource sharing

Sharing of computing resources covering computer hardware, software etc.


A virtual environment where different organizations/ departments go beyond their limitations and collectively try to solve the situations

Source: AMI-Partners ( 2012


Applications Used in Disaster Management

Needs of Application in Different Phases Applications Needs in Pre Disaster Scenario
Vulnerability Analysis and Risk Assessment System Alert Messaging System System Administration and Tools

Applications Needs in During Disaster Scenario

Incident Reporting System Decision Support Systems for Relief and Rescue Management

Applications Needs in Post Disaster Scenario

Resource Analysis and Emergency Relief

Various Types of Applications Used Relational Database Management System

All the spatial and non-spatial GIS data including raster is stored in the form of RDBMS tables, and accessed via spatial data gateways.

Geography Information System

GIS allows disaster managers to quickly access and visually display critical information by location

RF Identification Systems
RFID creates an automatic way to collect information about a product, place, time or transaction quickly, easily and without human error.

Source: AMI-Partners ( 2012