Disaster Management

Disaster Management Process
• Earthquake • Flood • Cyclone • Tsunami • Landslide & Avalanche

Natural Disasters

ManMade Disasters
• Nuclear Disaster • Chemical Disaster • Biological Disaster • Terrorist Attack

Source: AMI-Partners (www.ami-partners.com) 2012

 AMI-Partners


claims processing.ami-partners. logistic support •Distribution of warning data through a dedicated network during the preparedness Preparedness •Public awareness through broadcast announcements and access to disaster web pages Phase Response Phase •Communications among response teams and to the general public become most vital •Major challenges are presented by extreme conditions of infrastructure destruction. and documentation of lessons learnt •Maintain database of migration process and historical data Source: AMI-Partners (www. broad connectivity among a diverse group of organizations etc. resource information. and sensitive data •Management of property and casualty status. and response priorities Recovery Phase •Bulk of the data needs during recovery include significant onsite data collection related to rebuilding.com) 2012  AMI-Partners 2 . communication traffic peaks. like the need to move large volume of data/ information. mobile users. • modeling/prediction tools for trend and risk analysis •Preparedness activities range from early warning. training. community development.Requirement of ICT in Different phase of Disaster Management Requirement of ICT Network During Various Phases of Disaster Continuum Mitigation Phase • Consists of pre-disaster activities necessary to be implemented in advance • Networking requirements to support the mitigation phase should meet key attributes.

com) 2012  AMI-Partners 3 .Information management Cycle Gathering data Identifying Needs Analyzing & Output Information Disseminating Information Source: AMI-Partners (www.ami-partners.

com) 2012  AMI-Partners 4 .ami-partners. software etc. Guidelines for Applications Development: •Fast response •Reliability of the information •Application design should be user friendly •Standardization of data •Data recovery •Preference of open source technology Standardization •Standardization provide a uniform reporting and data format Automation •Computer based tasks which with minimum human intervention. Resource sharing •Sharing of computing resources covering computer hardware.Application Development Objectives of Application Development Association •Refers to the active association among the various users involved in disaster management process. Unification •A virtual environment where different organizations/ departments go beyond their limitations and collectively try to solve the situations Source: AMI-Partners (www.

Applications Used in Disaster Management Needs of Application in Different Phases Applications Needs in Pre Disaster Scenario • Vulnerability Analysis and Risk Assessment System • Alert Messaging System • System Administration and Tools Applications Needs in During Disaster Scenario • Incident Reporting System • Decision Support Systems for Relief and Rescue Management Applications Needs in Post Disaster Scenario • Resource Analysis and Emergency Relief Various Types of Applications Used Relational Database Management System All the spatial and non-spatial GIS data including raster is stored in the form of RDBMS tables.ami-partners.com) 2012 . time or transaction quickly. and accessed via spatial data gateways. easily and without human error.  AMI-Partners Geography Information System GIS allows disaster managers to quickly access and visually display critical information by location RF Identification Systems RFID creates an automatic way to collect information about a product. place. 5 Source: AMI-Partners (www.

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