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4G

Fourth-Generation Cellular Communication System PREPARED BY MANVENDER SINGH EEE DEPT HCTM

4G DEFINITION

3G
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4G

Fourth Generation Cellular Communication (4G)

4G is not one defined technology or standard, but rather a collection of technologies and protocols aimed at creating fully packet-switched networks optimized for data. 4G networks are projected to provide speeds of 100 Mbps while moving and 1 Gbps while stationary.

3G VS. 4G
Less

Complexity, Faster Transmission

Unlike the 3G networks which are a combination of circuit switched and packet switched networks, 4G will be based on packet switching only. This will allow low-latency data transmission.

3G
Leading U.S. Carrier 3G EVDO network currently averages 400 to 700 Kbps with peak rates up to 2 Mbps.

4G
International Carrier is testing 4G communication at 100 Mbps while moving, and 1 Gbps while stationary.

3G VS. 4G

3G
Mbps

4G
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

2G
1G
0G

3G

4G

4G POSSIBILITIES

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4G

Enhanced Mobile Gaming

Experience enhanced wireless capabilities that deliver mobile gaming interaction with latency less than five milliseconds. Play online multiplayer games while traveling at high speeds or sitting outside.

4G POSSIBILITIES

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4G

Personal Media Repository


Create a personal media repository that can be accessed from home and on the road to view photos, watch movies and listen to your personal music collection.

4G POSSIBILITIES

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4G

Virtual

Presence

Use hologram-generating virtual reality programs that provide an artificial presence just about anywhere. For example, decide if you want to personally respond when someone rings your front door while you are away from home.

4G POSSIBILITIES

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4G

Broadband

Access in Remote

Locations
4G networks will provide a wireless alternative for broadband access to residential and business customers. In addition, 4G will provide the first opportunity for broadband access in remote locations without an infrastructure to support cable or DSL access.

Acumen Solutions Inc. Company Confidential | Copyright 2007 Acumen Solutions, Inc.

KILLER APPLICATIONS OF 4G
Visualized virtual navigation Telegeoprocessing: GIS, GPS Life- saving: Telemedicine Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) for IPv6

MAIN FEATURES OF 4G
High capacity and low cost per bit. High data rate. High portability, Global access and seamless coverage. High quality multimedia streaming.

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Acumen Solutions Inc. Company Confidential | Copyright 2007 Acumen Solutions, Inc.

WHAT IS 4G
4G, the successor of 3G, will soon become the standard for cellular wireless
The technology is currently available in some countries but it is still being perfected The aim is to achieve ultra broadband speed to be counted in gigabytes per second

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Acumen Solutions Inc. Company Confidential | Copyright 2007 Acumen Solutions, Inc.

WHT IS 4G
ITU designed 4G in 2002 with the official name 3G Long-Term Evolutions or 3.9G Will allow users to download a full-length feature film within five minutes Will also be able to stream high-definition television and radio to hand-held devices The basic difference between 3G and 4G is in data transfer and signal quality

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Acumen Solutions Inc. Company Confidential | Copyright 2007 Acumen Solutions, Inc.

CONTDE

The highest download and upload speed in 3G are 14 Mbps and 5.8 Mbps respectively In 4G the download speed is up to 100 Mbps for moving users and 1 Gbps for stationary users 4G is adoption of packet switching instead of circuit switching in voice and video calls With packet switching, resources are only used when there is information to be sent across 4G uses spiral multiplexing

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Acumen Solutions Inc. Company Confidential | Copyright 2007 Acumen Solutions, Inc.

EVOLUTION OF 4G
The first commercial deployment was by Telia Sonera and NetCom
Telia Sonera branded the network 4G The modem devices on offer were manufactured by Samsung (dongle GT-B3710) The network infrastructure were created by Huawei (in Oslo) and Ericsson (in Stockholm)

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Acumen Solutions Inc. Company Confidential | Copyright 2007 Acumen Solutions, Inc.

COUNTRIES HAVING 4G
Except for the Scandinavian countries, a few countries have started the 4G commercially
In the US, Sprint Nextel initiated the service last year Countries expected to launch 4G by this year are Germany, Spain, China, Japan and England

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Acumen Solutions Inc. Company Confidential | Copyright 2007 Acumen Solutions, Inc.

INFRASTRUCTURE FOR 4G
There are three primary technologies that support 4G WiMax, LTE, and UMB The main doubt is whether to implement WiMax or LTE The advantages of LTE are: (i) Faster speed with 100 Mbps for download and 50 Mbps for upload (ii) It makes CDMA and GSM database moot (iii) It offers both FDD and TDD duplexing

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Acumen Solutions Inc. Company Confidential | Copyright 2007 Acumen Solutions, Inc.

WIMAX
WiMax technology might not achieve the required rate in a high-density area However, WiMax technology becomes useful when it is bundled with IPTV The wireless bandwidth will be roughly 3Mbps/1.5Mbps; but this is nowhere near the +100Mbps/50Mbps that LTE promises

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Acumen Solutions Inc. Company Confidential | Copyright 2007 Acumen Solutions, Inc.

4G IN INDIA
Has already begun the process of introducing 4G India is among the latecomers in 3G It is felt that by the time the implement 3G fully, 4G technologies such as LTE will be available commercially It has taken three years for the government to decide on 3G-spectrum auction policy 4G could face the same delay unless India wants to catch up with the rest of the world

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