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MEIOSIS

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The process of cell division in gametes that results in four haploid cells
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MEIOSIS I MEIOSIS II Prophase I Prophase II Metaphase I Metaphase II Anaphase I Anaphase II Telophase I Telophase II
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PROPHASE I
chromosomes begin to condense, spindle fibers begin to form two sister chromatids attach to the centromere Homologous chromosomes pair up and become closely associated during synapsis Crossing over occurs (formation of chiasmata)
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Crossing Over
an exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes

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Homologous Chromosome
One homologous chromosome is inherited from the organism's mother; the other from the organism's father
same length position of the centromere genes for the same characteristics
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METAPHASE I
Pairs of homologues align along the metaphase plate Spindle fibers attach to only one side of each centromere

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METAPHASE I Powerpoint Templates

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ANAPHASE I
spindle fibers shorten, homologous pairs are pulled apart sister chromatids do not separate

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ANAPHASE I Powerpoint Templates

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TELOPHASE I
separated homologues form in cluster at each pole of the cell, nuclear membrane reforms resulting 2 cell have half the number of chromosomes as the original cell Chromosomes is still in the duplicated state and consist of 2 unidentical sister chromatids
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TELOPHASE I
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MEIOSIS II

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PROPHASE II

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METAPHASE II

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ANAPHASE II

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TELOPHASE II

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GAMETOGENESIS
the formation of gametes
Spermatogenesis Oogenesis

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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS

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5-item Quiz
1. How do Meiosis differ from Mitosis? 1. Meiosis occurs in body cells 2. Meiosis occurs in sex cells 3. Meiosis results in diploid daughter cells 2. How many divisions does Meiosis have? 1. 4 b. 2 c. 3
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3.. What is the role of chiasmata? A. The place of crossing over B. The place of division C. The place of interaction 4. Why is Crossing Over important in the variation and diversity of life? A.Responsible for the recombination of genes B.Responsible for the division of cell C.Responsible for association of chromosomes 5. How many daughter cells are produced after Meiosis II? Powerpoint Templates Page 27 A. 4 B..4 C.3

ASSIGNMENT: A.Read about GENETICS page 280297 (Biology by Capco and Yang)

B.Bring pictures of you and your family,


short-bond paper, glue.
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