You are on page 1of 16

PROJECT ON

Click to edit Master subtitle style

PREPAID ENERGY METER

4/25/12

INTRODUCTION

Presently, energy meter is postpaid energy meter. does not get instantaneous information about payment to be made elec. Board. does not know liability towards live electricity supply agency/board.

Consumer

Consumer

4/25/12

Hence a better way is.

PREPAID ENERGY METER


4/25/12

It

is same as prepaid sim we use in mobile.

We

buy a certain amount of electricity by paying the money to electricity board & they will issue a card, which will store the units you have purchased & the money you have paid. is beneficial to enhance liability of user to electricity board.

It

4/25/12

S D

BLOCK DIAGRAM

1 6 X

I N

P 2

M
P 3

i c r o
P 1

c o n t r o l l e r
P 1 P 1

X T . I / P

E R

R O / W

M T

R R

L A Y & I P P I N G

E S

P R O I M

I N D I C & B E

A E

T I O N P A R

P A

I A

4/25/12

P A

I D

Block Diagram Explanation


Transducer

It is used here to measure the current through line & to measure the approximate energy consumption also. converter Micro controller can not read analog o/p thats why we use a A/D converter to convert the CTs output into 8 bit parallel data. Display To display alphabets for massages & digits for readings we required a alphanumeric LCD display
4/25/12

A/D

LCD

EEPROM

R/W EEPROM requires different voltage levels to program, we need a voltage level shifter or Converter to interface it with microcontroller which have only two level outputs 5VDC & 0V DC. (SIM) Its a two terminal memory device which stores the information about the energy in a predefined format.

EEPROM

4/25/12

Key

Pad This section consist only two keys one to reset the controller & other is to provide the pulses from the external meter. & Beeper It generates a beeping sound on over loading & reserve mode. & stripping unit To disconnect the consumers supply when the remaining amount reaches to zero.
4/25/12

Indications

Relay

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

1
1

0
4

p1 f 0
1 9

k
6

V
9

2 . 2 K

2 7 8 1 0

A
2 0 1 8

4
1 1

5 V

u
9

f3

4 0 P

3 9 b c

3 2

. 7

1 7

.P 7

1 4

1 5 1 6

. 4

. 5 P

2 8

3 2 . .6 7

2 1 P 2 . 0

k
+ 5 V P
1 8 1 9 1 0

1 . 2 P 3

1 . 3 4

.P 0
1 1

. 1

3
1 2

. 2

3 4 . 7
+ 5

3 1

f 3

K
V + 5 V

0 1
+ 5

K 0
V

1 K
4

2 M H z X - t a l 1
+ 5 V

0 2 0

k e 2

1 2

0 0

8 7

2 1
, 6

k 2 2 u f

3 5 1

C H

A O

R L

D D

1 B U Z+ -

3 8 1 5 6 7 C A R D

2
2

4
3

2
4

4/25/12

COMPONENTS USED
ADC LED

0304 16X02 IN4007 BC548B CAPACITORS

DIODES LCD

TRANSISTOR CRYSTAL

12MHZ CAPACITORS

ELECTROLYTIC CERAMIC

RESISTORS RELAYS
4/25/12

WORKING

T A

V
I n i t i l i z e S F B

V
R e a d S I M

V
T e x t f o r

V
S P N O I M r e p a i t S I M E r r o r D i s c o n n e c t s u p p l y L o o p

V
N
v a l i d i t y t e s t

I n v a l i d S I M S E m p t y

i s c o n n e c t s u p p l y

o o p

V
C E h e c k m p t y

Y N

E O

i s c o n n e c t s u p p l y

o o p

V
D i s p l a y t h e a m o u n t i n p r e s e n t s i m D C

V
R e a d A

V
D e c U n i t

V
Y W o r k i n g C W Y E S C E S U C n i t 3 2

FLOWCHART

V
L

R o r k i n g

V
h e c k O L

D w

i s p l a y a i t

V
C L R

N O

O L

V
D e l a y I N

4/25/12

i s c o n n e c t

Applications

Prepaid system. management

Energy

4/25/12

LIMITATION
For

more accurate observation A/D must be used with 10 or more bits O/P lines.

4/25/12

Future Enhancements
The

energy calculation can also be added by using PT So that we can avoid the need of ext. meter completely. can also use same microcontroller which contains the A/D so it will reduce the circuit size.

We

4/25/12

Reference
Micro

Processor Architecture by Ramesh S. Gaonkar . System by Tob & Shilling. controller by K. J. Ayala.

Communication Micro

Integrated Let

Electronics by Millman & Hawlkiwas. us C by Yashwant Kanitker. (yahoo search (google search

http://www.yahoo.com

engine)
http://www.google.com
4/25/12

THANKYOU..
SUBMITTED TO:
HOD: MRS NISHA BHATT PROJECT GUIDE: MS. PRIYANKA CHOKSEY

SUBMITTED BY:
ARPITA DWIVEDI HARSHITA DWIVEDI ANKITA SONI1 VIVEK TIWARI RAM NARAYAN SHUKLA PRAFULL MALVIYA

4/25/12