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Brad O’Neill Senior Analyst and Consultant Taneja Group, Inc.
What is Tiered Storage A Planning Strategy for Tiered Storage Example Deployment Scenarios Conclusions
A Definition of Tiered Storage
“The deployment of two or more classes of disk storage within a primary or
secondary storage environment, wherein the residence of data across these classes of storage is determined by business-driven variables.”
Sounds Complex, But…
or. SATA. disk archiving. money or other resources • Improve operations. boost ROI. SCSI. disk backup 3. You deploy multiple classes of storage • FC.Tiered Storage Is Straightforward 1. increase productivity . You do this to create efficiencies in time. TAPE 2. You might move data from various apps across those storage classes. just originate your data assets on the right class • Online migration.
• Largely manual. • To reduce primary and secondary storage costs • To increase recovery and data protection measures • Critical mass of vendor announcements • 53% of surveyed users intend to deploy disk by 2005! . It’s about data placement on cost/performance appropriate storage.The Net-Net on Tiered Storage Forget all buzzwords. not automated • 50% of tiered storage: originate on the right platform • Yes. future ILM dreams will leverage the storage classes we create today What really kicked-off this trend? ATA/SATA.
Something the industry forgot to mention… .
Tiered Storage MANAGEMENT! BEFORE you deploy. you need a tiered storage management strategy! BEFORE you even think about devices. you need a tiered storage management strategy! . you need a tiered storage management strategy! BEFORE you evaluate vendors.
We bought ATA arrays and started loading up… If I could do it over. California . Plan to Fail! “Our first tiered storage deployment wasn’t planned as such. We jumped at the cost savings.Fail to Plan. I would have spent a lot more time on planning.” Director of Storage. Retail.
YOUR STRATEGY WILL DETERMINE SUCCESS! HOSTS Applications Web Database Backups STRATEGY! 1 2 3 4 TIERS OF STORAGE .
Define your business drivers: Why do this? 2. Go out and whip your vendors 5. Deploy your plan . Evaluate architectural choices 4.5 Planning Steps for Tiered Storage 1. Define storage “asset classes and traits” 3.
wider roles) . Backup windows) Are you solving compliance requirements? (disk-based archives.1. Availability. tape archives. accessibility) Are you aiming to reduce capital outlays? (Footprint control. utilization improvements) Can you need human management efficiencies? (Few heads. Define Your Business Drivers Do you seek to improve data protection? (RTO. higher managed capacities. RPO.
Evaluate architectural choices 4. Deploy your plan . Define storage “asset classes and traits” 3.5 Planning Steps for Tiered Storage 1. Go out and whip your vendors 5. Define your business drivers: Why do this? 2.
Create Asset Groups and Traits ID the data assets against descriptive “groups”. No day-to-day use. copies and protection) LONG-TERM ARCHIVAL (Secondary data. long-term retention) . Reference. reference data.2. Traditional “5 9’s”. Make these grouping more specific or less specific as required! • • • • BUSINESS-CRITICAL (Primary data. High availability) BUSINESS-OPERATIONS (Primary data. Share-intensive. aging data) PROTECTION and ARCHIVAL (Primary or Secondary data.
Assign All Your Storage Using Resources To Asset Groups! HOSTS Applications Web Database Backups Which Group? Biz Critical Biz Ops Protection/Archival Long-Term ASSET GROUPS .
EXAMPLE ASSET GROUPINGS BUSINESS-CRITICAL “My Oracle databases” “Our ERP data… all of it” BUSINESS-OPERATIONS “Our MS Exchange” “Departmental Files” PROTECTION and ARCHIVAL “Copies of SQL Server data sets” “Completed trade contracts” “All compliance information” LONG-TERM ARCHIVAL “Stuff we don’t use but have to keep” “Our last ditch DR bucket” .
Create Asset Groups and Traits ID concrete STORAGE TRAITS for each ASSET GROUP: • • • • • • Uptime Goals Performance requirements Protection needs Mirrors/Snapshots/Other SW reqs Security and access Fully Loaded Target Price/Managed TB Asset Groups + Storage Traits = Storage Tiers .2.
We Have A Tiered Storage Plan! . We Then Know: The expected service level from each storage tier The desired price-points for each storage tier Therefore. Create Asset Groups and Traits How Did We Get Our Tier Definitions? All data assets are assigned to groups The traits of each group were defined As a Result.2.
Asset Groups Drive Your Tier Choices HOSTS Applications Web Database Backups Groups/Tiers 1 Biz Critical 2 Biz Ops 3 Protect/Archival 4 Long-Term ASSET GROUPS/STORAGE TIERS .
Go out and whip your vendors 5. Evaluate architectural choices 4.5 Planning Steps for Tiered Storage 1. Define your business drivers: Why do this? 2. Deploy your plan . Define storage “asset classes and traits” 3.
“Take an infrastructure-wide approach” 4. “Do Not Create Net-New Management” 2. “Execute your tier strategy in stages” . “Look beyond array pricing alone” 3.3. Evaluate Architecture Choices Guidelines We’ve Heard From Your Ranks: 1.
Where To Begin? Your Tier 1 Business Critical Storage Sets The Pace.So. • Your Crown Jewel Assets • Most Expensive Storage Investment • Disruption and Change Management are painful • Your High Bar for Storage Management practices 95% of Tiering Strategy centers on Tiers 2 and 3: Business Operations and Protection/Archiving Tiers • “How Do We Improve our Tier One ROI?” • “How Do We Get Less Critical Data on Cost-Appropriate Storage?” • “How do we leverage disk to improve data protection?” .
What do you need? • RAID support in SATA typically 0.Key Points For Tier 2 Evals: “Business Operations” Storage SATA pricing is still all over the map! Examine best of breed approaches vs. how much performance? • SATA performance gains are real and coming fast • Smaller cache sizes in most SATA arrays How much capacity growth? • Can you maintain existing management framework? .5 Given asset groups. your asset groups • From under $4000 to $15.000+ per TB! Protection matters.
Multi-disk Systems Mix FC and SATA trays in the same array Example vendors: EMC. Pros and Cons To Both Approaches! . 3Par. Pillar Stand-alone SATA arrays • Plethora of players from entry-level to enterprise • Example vendors: NetApp. BlueArc. NexSan. IBM. Candera Of course.Key Points For Tier 2 Evals: “Business Operations” Storage Decide if you need a Stand-Alone array or disk-space in a unified platform. HDS.
Key Points for Tier 3 Evals: “Protection and Archival” What asset you archive or protect drives your choices: Standard SATA array Online copies of data CAS Software or Appliance Online archiving of reference information Virtual Tape Software or Appliance Fast disk-based data protection Traditional BU/R Software to Disk Fast disk-based data protection .
5 Planning Steps for Tiered Storage 1. Go out and whip your vendors 5. Evaluate architectural choices 4. Deploy your plan . Define storage “asset classes and traits” 3. Define your business drivers: Why do this? 2.
.Choosing The Right Solutions Sage End User Comments “Look wider than you usually do.” • Resist temptation to roll with your existing trusted vendor “Tiered Storage Has Many Purchasing Impacts” • Tier One = Potential footprint impact from offloading • Tier Two = unique requirements for primary • Tier Three = backup or archiving requirements driven by higher tiers “If you go „best of breed‟. ensure management commonalities across tiers” • You can create more problems than you solve.
device-level management Drill the emerging vendors on these points . partitioning. provisioning Capacity management.2 Key Questions For All Vendors “How will I move and place my data?” Volume-level copy/snapshots File-level copy Application-integrated/controlled “Can I use my existing management tools?” Discovery.
Who Are Some Worthy Players? In Tier 2 “Business Operations” • EMC. 3Par • Candera. Archivas . NexSan In Tier 3 “Protection and Archiving” • STK. STK • NetApp. ADIC. BlueArc. Quantum • Diligent • EMC Centera. DCT. NetApp. HDS. Permabit. IBM.
Uses existing SM tools for migration. Maintains tape libraries. Has a disk-backup appliance at Tier Three. exploring CAS for compliance archiving. East Coast 220 TB primary storage on Tier One Wants to reduce Tier 1 footprint growth by 50% Deploys combination of two SATA vendors for Tier Two assets.Deployment Example Company #1: Financial Services. . exploring CAS for long-term disk.
California 10 TB primary storage on SAN. Goal is to reduce total amount of storage in Tier 1 by 3 TB via migrating less critical SQL Server and MS Exchange to SATA Will use existing volume management software . 5 TB on Tier One storage.Deployment Example Company #2: Online/Store Retailer. will deploy Tier 2 on SATA. Happily w/ deployed disk backup for Tier 3. In 2005.
Think deeply in terms of asset groups and storage traits. Look at all the vendors. Move in steps.Conclusions on Tiered Storage Plan before you leap. You have plenty of time. Choices abound! Preserve your existing management investments . Resolve for key business drivers first.
0329 .Conclusions on Tiered Storage Call us if you need help or input! Taneja Group works with dozens of end users on RFPs and general questions Info@tanejagroup.com Brad@tanejagroup.417.com 925.
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