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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Computer Hardware

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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

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Types of Computer Systems Use of a Variety of Designs Real World Case 1… Progressive Insurance and UniFirst Corp: The Case for Mobile Computing Click to go to Case 1 Systems
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Types of Computers
Computer System Categories

Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

–Mainframe Computers –Midrange Computers –Microcomputers –Client-Server Networks –Information Appliances
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Microcomputer Systems
Personal Computer (PC) Professional Workstations Multiuser Systems Desktop Systems Laptops Workstation Computers Network Servers
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Used by Workers in Networks Sealed Low-Cost Systems Network Microcomputers No or Minimal Disk Storage Dependent Upon Internet or Intranets for Operations Standardization Reduced Costs of Maintenance and Upgrades

Network Computers

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Information Appliances

Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

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Smart Gadgets Cellular Phones and Pagers Hand-Held PCs Web-Based Games Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs)
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Computer Terminals
Dumb Terminals Intelligent Terminals Network Terminals
– Windows Terminals – Internet Terminals – ATM Machines – POS Terminals
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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Transaction Terminals
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Midrange Systems
High-End Network Servers Process Business Applications Less Costly to Busy and Maintain that Mainframes Scientific Research Engineering Analysis Process Monitoring and Control CAD Systems Front-End to Mainframes
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Mainframe Systems
Large, Fast, and Powerful Hundreds of Millions of Instructions per Second (MIPS) Large Primary Storage Superservers for Large Client/Server Networks Data Warehousing and Mining Electronic Commerce Applications
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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Extremely Powerful Systems Large-Scale Data Mining Parallel Processing Floating Point Decimal Operations –
– Billions - Gigaflops – Trillions - Teraflops

Supercomputer Systems

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Symmetric Multiprocessing – SMP Minisupercomputers
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Computer Processing Speeds Thousandths – Milliseconds Millionths – Microseconds Billionths – Nanoseconds Trillionths – Picoseconds MIPS Megahertz (MHz) Gigahertz (GHz) Internal Clock Registers and Caches
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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Input - Output and Storage Technologies

Using the Right Peripherals Value of Consolidating Operations

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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Online vs. Offline Devices Natural User Interface Pointing Devices
– Graphical User Interface (GUI) – Electronic Mouse – Trackball – Pointing Stick – Touchpad – Touch Screens

Peripheral Devices

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Pen-Based Computing

Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Tablet PCs PDAs Digitizer Pens Graphics Tablets

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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Speech Recognition Systems Discrete Speech Recognition Continuous Speech Recognition (CSR) Training Time
– Dragon Naturally Speaking – IBM’s Via Voice

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Speaker Independent Systems Voice Messaging Computers
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Optical Scanning
Document Management Flatbed Scanners Optical Character Recognition (OCR) Wands and Bar Coding Uniform Product Code (UPC)
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Other Input Technologies

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Magnetic Stripe Smart Cards Digital Cameras Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR)
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Output Technologies
Voice Response Video Output
–Video Monitor –Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) –Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) –Flat-Panel TVs –Plasma Display Panels
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Printed Output
Inkjet Printers Laser Printers Color Laser Printers Multifunction Inkjet Printers
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Binary Representation Bit Byte Kilobytes (KB) - k Megabytes (MB) Gigabytes (GB) Terabytes (TB) Petabytes – Over 1 Quadrillion Bytes

Computer Storage

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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Direct Access

Computer Storage
–Random Access (RAM) –Direct Access Storage Devices (DASD) –RAM Memory – Random Access –ROM Memory – Read Only

Sequential Access Semiconductor Memory

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Computer Storage
Sequential Access Storage Device
Read/Write Head

Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Direct Access Storage Device
Read/Write Head C A

B A E D C

E D B

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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Magnetic Storage Floppy Disks Hard Disk Drives RAID Storage Magnetic Tapes
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Optical Disks
CD-ROM CD-R and CD-RW CD-RW/DVD DVD-ROM Drive DVD-R DVD-RW Image Processing
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Binary Representation Central Processing Unit (CPU) Computer System Computer Terminal Digital Cameras Direct Access Generations of Computing Information Appliance Laptop Computer Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD)
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KEY TERMS

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Summary
2. Microcomputers are Used as Personal Computers, Network Computers, Personal Digital Assistants, Technical Workstations, and Information Appliances.
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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

Summary 1. Three Major Types of Computer Systems – Microcomputer – Midrange Systems – Mainframe Systems

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Summary
3. Midrange Systems are used for Many Multiuser Business Data Processing and Scientific Applications. 4. Mainframe Systems are Larger and More Powerful than Midrange Systems, Have More Memory, and Support More Users and Peripheral Devices, and High Volumes of Data.
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Summary
5. Computer Systems Perform Input, Processing, Output, Storage, and Control Functions. 6. Hardware Consists of Input and Output Devices, a Central Processing Unit, Primary and Secondary Storage Devices.
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Types of Computer Systems The Computer System Concept Section II Peripherals Input Technologies Output Technologies Storage Trade-Offs Semiconductor Memory Magnetic Disks Magnetic Tape Optical Disks

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Summary
7. Supercomputers are a Special Category of Extremely Powerful Mainframe Systems Designed for Massive Computational Assignments. 8. Peripheral Devices are used for a Wide Array of Input, Output, and Storage Applications.
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