Internet Applications

E-mail Telnet

E-Commerce

Popular Uses of the Internet

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

Internet Relay Chat
By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Search Engines

Basic Components in a Telecommunications Network

1

Telecommunications Processors 2
3 2

4

5 Telecommunications Software

PCs, NCs, and Other Terminals

Telecommunications Channels and Media

Computers

By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Wide Area Networks

By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Local Area Networks
PC PC PC
Shared Database and Software Packages

Network Server

Shared Printer

PC

PC

Internetwork Processor to Other Networks
By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Other E-Business Networks
The Internet Router Extranet Fire wall Intranet Server

Fire wall

Router Intranet Server Host System
By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Client/Server Networks and Network Computing
Client
Network Server

Host System Superserver
Central database control Heavy duty processing

User Interface Application Processing

Application Control Distributed Database

NetPC
Application Server DB Server

Browser-based User Interface

DBMS Web OS Application Software
By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Telecommunications Communication Media • • • • Twisted Pair Coaxial Cable Fiber Optics Terrestrial Microwave • Communication Satellites • Cellular Technologies • Wireless LAN

By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Telecommunications Processors and Software • Modems • Multiplexers • Internetwork Processors
– – – – Switches Routers Hubs Gateways

• Network Operating System • Telecommunications Monitor • Middleware • Network Management Software

• Fire walls

By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Network Topologies

By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Network Protocols: The OSI Architecture
Application Layer

Presentation Layer
Session Layer Transport Layer

Seven Layers of the OSI Communications Architecture

Network Layer
Data Link Layer Physical Layer

By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

The Internet’s TCP/IP
Application Layer Presentation Layer Session Layer

Application or Process Layer

Host-to-Host Transport Layer Internet Protocol (IP) Network Interface Physical Layer
By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Transport Layer
Network Layer

Data Link Layer
Physical Layer

Chapter Summary (cont) • The major components of any telecommunications network are:
– Terminals, – Telecommunications processors, – Communication channels, – Computers, and – Telecommunications software.

• There are several basic types of telecomm networks, including wide area networks (WANs) and local area networks (LANs).
By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

Chapter Summary (cont) • Key telecommunications network alternatives include telecommunications media, processors, software, channels, and architectures.

By. Shafiq Ahmed Chachar

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