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Chapter 41

East and Southeast Asia

Chapter 41 - East and Southeast Asia


I. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

I. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
A. Landforms

A. Landforms
East and SE Asia extends from Myanmar in the southwest to Japan in the northeast

A. Landforms Russia is to the north and India is to the southwest of the region

A. Landforms The Indian Ocean is to the south and the Pacific Ocean is to the east

A. Landforms Volcanic islands lie to the south and east

A. Landforms These islands form part of the Pacific Ring of Fire

A. Landforms This region contains the worlds largest concentration of active volcanoes

A. Landforms Rugged mountains, plateaus, and hills dominate the region

A. Landforms The Himalayan Mountains form a natural boundary between East and South Asia

A. Landforms Major mountain ranges are the Kunlun, the Qin Ling, and the Greater Khingan ranges

A. Landforms Plateaus are very dry with extremely cold winters

A. Landforms The Tarim Basin is another major landform

A. Landforms The Gobi desert is part of the plateau of Mongolia


The Gobi occupies an arc of land 1,300,000 sq km in area, making it one of the largest deserts (#2) in the world. Contrary to images often associated with a desert, much of the Gobi is not sandy but is covered with bare rock

A. Landforms The regions river valleys are the most densely populated places on Earth

A. Landforms Rivers provide water and fertile soil for farming and are used for transportation

A. Landforms The region has two of the worlds longest rivers the Huang He (Yellow River) in northern China (#4 - 3395mi)

A. Landforms and the Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) in central China (#3 3964 miles)

A. Landforms Lowland areas include the North China Plain, the Manchurian Plain, and the Sichuan Basin

B. Climate

B. Climate
The region of East and SE Asia has a full range of climate regions

B. Climate The climates of areas outside the river valleys and plains cannot support high population density

B. Climate The Gobi (#2) and Taklimakan (#8) deserts have hot summers and bitterly cold winters

Much of the Gobi desert is mountains. Only a small part is a sandy desert

The Taklimakan Desert is one of the worlds largest, (600 mi. E/W and 300 mi. N/S) The name means "Who goes in, does not come out."

B. Climate Extreme and severe climates in the interior and along the borders of Mongolia and China are too cold for human settlement

View of the Himalaya Mountain Range from space

B. Climate Other climates in the region include humid-continental in northeastern China, North Korea, and northern Japan

B. Climate Humid-subtropical climate in southern Japan and China, South Korea, Taiwan

B. Climate Humid-tropical climate on the western islands of Indonesia and the coasts of Southeast Asia

B. Climate Tropical-savanna climate on some of the islands of Indonesia and the interior of SE Asia

C. Rainfall
Extremes of rainfall characterize much of the region

Distribution of Annual Rainfall in Asia


1 equals 25.40mm

C. Rainfall Much of the rainfall is seasonal due to the monsoon system


The monsoon begins in late May, when southern trade winds in the Indian Ocean push moist ocean air northward. When they hit the coast in June, they warm, rise and shed their moisture. The rising air draws in more cool, moist air, causing heavy rainfall over most of the country.

C. Rainfall Winter months are dry and summer months are humid and rainy
Seasonal reversal in the direction of the winds over the Indian Ocean results in the occurrence of rainy (monsoon) and dry season over South Asia

C. Rainfall The island nations of the region receive rain throughout the year