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بأرحم يف مكب لاه أ ملعلأ
بأرحم يف مكب لاه أ ملعلأ

بأرحم يف مكب لاه أ ملعلأ

Radiology Of

The Chest

Radiology Of The Chest Plain CXR. Bronchogram. Angiogram. Ultrasound. CT. MRI.
  • Plain CXR.

  • Bronchogram.

  • Angiogram.

  • Ultrasound.

  • CT.

  • MRI.

Radiology Of The Chest Plain CXR. Bronchogram. Angiogram. Ultrasound. CT. MRI.
Radiology Of The Chest Plain CXR. Bronchogram. Angiogram. Ultrasound. CT. MRI.

Advantages of

CXR

Advantages of CXR Simple. Non invasive. Rapid. Cheap. Safe.
Advantages of CXR Simple. Non invasive. Rapid. Cheap. Safe.
  • Simple.

  • Non invasive.

Advantages of CXR Simple. Non invasive. Rapid. Cheap. Safe.
  • Rapid.

  • Cheap.

  • Safe.

What Is The Value Of X-Ray ???
What Is The Value Of X-Ray ???
What Is The Value Of X-Ray ???
What Is The
Value Of X-Ray
???
CXR Valuable in any diagnostic problem in chest or other systems from skin to CNS. It

CXR

CXR Valuable in any diagnostic problem in chest or other systems from skin to CNS. It
  • Valuable in any diagnostic problem in chest or other systems from skin to CNS.

CXR Valuable in any diagnostic problem in chest or other systems from skin to CNS. It
  • It is a routine investigation especially in :

    • Fever.

    • Weight Loss.

    • Aneroxia.

    • Trauma.

    • Pre and Post-operative

    • Tumors.

    • ICU.

    • Fitness.

Diagnostic value In Chest High diagnostic as in: Pneumonia , abscess. Elusion , pnx. Help in

Diagnostic value In Chest

Diagnostic value In Chest High diagnostic as in: Pneumonia , abscess. Elusion , pnx. Help in
  • High diagnostic as in:

    • Pneumonia , abscess.

    • Elusion , pnx.

  • Help in diagnosis:

  • Diagnostic value In Chest High diagnostic as in: Pneumonia , abscess. Elusion , pnx. Help in
    • T.B. Tumor.

    • Heart diseases.

    • Low value:

      • Bronchictasis.

      • P.E.

      • Mediastinal dis

    How Can We Read X-Ray Chest ???
    How Can We Read
    X-Ray Chest ???

    Steps for CXR

    reading

    Steps for CXR reading • Check the name , date. • Check the quality. • Scan

    Check the name , date. Check the quality. Scan the film. List the abnormalities.

    Steps for CXR reading • Check the name , date. • Check the quality. • Scan
    Steps for CXR reading • Check the name , date. • Check the quality. • Scan

    Indications

    Indications  For diagnosis.  Follow up.  Response to TTT .  Complications.  With
    Indications  For diagnosis.  Follow up.  Response to TTT .  Complications.  With
    • For diagnosis.

      • Follow up.

        • Response to TTT.

          • Complications.

            • With surgery.

    • Trauma.

      • Tumor staging.

        • General Problem.

          • Assurance.

            • Medicolegal.

    Radiological

    language

    Radiological language • Opaque. • Radiolucent. • Soft , Hard. • Miliary. • Nodular. • Reticular.

    Opaque. Radiolucent. Soft , Hard. Miliary. Nodular. Reticular. Cavity. Hilium.

    Radiological language • Opaque. • Radiolucent. • Soft , Hard. • Miliary. • Nodular. • Reticular.
    Radiological language • Opaque. • Radiolucent. • Soft , Hard. • Miliary. • Nodular. • Reticular.
    Pleural diseases
    Pleural diseases

    Pleural diseases

    Heart diseases
    Heart diseases

    Heart diseases

    Pneumonia

    Pneumonia

    Pneumonia

    Picture 009

    Abscess

    Abscess

    Abscess

    T.B.

    T.B.
    T.B.
    Bronchictasis
    Bronchictasis

    Bronchictasis

    Lung Cancer

    Lung Cancer

    Lung Cancer
    Metastasis

    Metastasis

    Metastasis
    Mediastinal diseases

    Mediastinal

    Mediastinal diseases

    diseases

    Miscellaneous
    Miscellaneous

    Miscellaneous

    Computed Tomography (CT)
    Computed Tomography
    (CT)
    Technical Background : The x-ray tube rotate in a moving gantry around the patient which lie
    Technical Background :
    The
    x-ray
    tube
    rotate
    in
    a
    moving gantry around the patient
    which
    lie
    on
    a
    moving table .
    Opposite
    the
    x-ray
    tube
    in
    the
    moving gantry lie detectors which
    receive the x-ray beam
    after

    passing through the patient .

    The signal received from these detectors pass to a computer which reconstruct from them and image
    The signal received from these
    detectors pass to a computer
    which reconstruct from them
    and image which represent
    cross section of the patient of
    thickness usually 1 cm .
    Contrast administration Continuous infusion of contrast material by automatic infusion pump for differentiating vascular from non
    Contrast administration
    Continuous infusion of contrast
    material by automatic infusion
    pump for differentiating vascular
    from non vascular lesion .
    Attenuation value (CT) number
    Attenuation value (CT) number
    It is measured by Hounsfield Unit (HU) Water attenuation 0 HU Air attenuation -1000 HU Dense
    It is measured by Hounsfield Unit (HU)
    Water attenuation
    0 HU
    Air attenuation
    -1000 HU
    Dense cortical bone
    +1000 HU
    Advantages of CT Cross sectional format which clearly separates structures that are super imposed on each
    Advantages of CT
    Cross sectional format which clearly
    separates
    structures
    that
    are
    super
    imposed on each other in CXR.
    The high degree of density resolution
    which reveales the individual structures
    of the mediastinum , chest wall.
    CT captures lung , soft tissue and bones
    simultaneously with single exposure.
    Indication of CT of the chest
    Indication of CT of the chest
    Lung :  Staging of bronchial carcinoma .  Detection of pulmonary metastases .  Detection
    Lung :
    Staging of bronchial carcinoma .
    Detection of pulmonary metastases .
    Detection of lesions hidden by mediastinum or
    diaphragm .
    Evaluation of lung in pleural .
    Mediastinum Abnormal contour. Hilum Distinguish vessel from lymph node
    Mediastinum
    Abnormal contour.
    Hilum
    Distinguish vessel from lymph node
    Mediastinum Abnormal contour. Hilum Distinguish vessel from lymph node Pleura and chest wall  Pleural tumor,
    Mediastinum Abnormal contour. Hilum Distinguish vessel from lymph node Pleura and chest wall  Pleural tumor,

    Pleura and chest wall Pleural tumor, mesothelioma. Invasion of the chest wall by cancer.

    Mediastinum Abnormal contour. Hilum Distinguish vessel from lymph node Pleura and chest wall  Pleural tumor,
    Mediastinum Abnormal contour. Hilum Distinguish vessel from lymph node Pleura and chest wall  Pleural tumor,
    Pulmonary Embolism
    Pulmonary
    Embolism
    CT Guided Biopsy
    CT Guided Biopsy
    :  الله لوسر لاق نم ماشلا مكٌلع حتفٌس  الله نإ ذاعم اٌ ” مهلاجر

    : الله لوسر لاق نم ماشلا مكٌلع حتفٌس الله نإ ذاعم اٌمهلاجر تارفلا ىلإ شٌرعلا نم ، يدعب ، ةماٌقلا موٌ ىلإ نوطبارم مهؤامإو مهؤاسنو

    :  الله لوسر لاق نم ماشلا مكٌلع حتفٌس  الله نإ ذاعم اٌ ” مهلاجر

    وأ ماشلا لحاوس نم ً لاحاس مكنم رتخا نمف ةماٌقلا موٌ ىلإ داهج ًف وهف ، سدقملا تٌب

    ، 1ج ، ًلٌلجلا سنلأا(ًسدقملا ًلبنحلا نٌدلا رٌجم ًضاقلا هجرخأ

    )ــ203ـص

    تابجأولأ

    تابجأولأ . لاملاب داــــهجلأ  . ءاــــــــــــــعدلأ  . ةــــــــــعطاــــقملأ  . حلاـــصلأ عــم حلاصلإأ 

    .لاملاب داــــهجلأ .ءاــــــــــــــعدلأ .ةــــــــــعطاــــقملأ .حلاـــصلأ عــم حلاصلإأ .تامرحملأ بانتجأو تاعاطلأ .تأرشبملأو ةيضقلأ ليعفتو مهف

    تابجأولأ . لاملاب داــــهجلأ  . ءاــــــــــــــعدلأ  . ةــــــــــعطاــــقملأ  . حلاـــصلأ عــم حلاصلإأ 