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RESEARCH METHODS IN LINGUISTICS Longitudinal vs. cross-sectional research
11 Click to edit Master subtitle style 23/4/2012

Ivan Buljan

4. crosssectional? 22 . Choosing a design: longitudinal vs.2.3. Longitudinal qualitative research 2. Other longitudinal research designs 2. Longitudinal research 2. Longitudinal quantitative data analysis 3.1.4/29/12 Structure of the presentation 1. Introduction 2. Main types of longitudinal research 2.

4/29/12 1. Introduction 33 .

Introduction 44 .4/29/12 1.

. 2. process of SLA and longitudinal research 2 1. main purposes of longitudinal research: To describe the patterns of change. To explain the casual relationship. Longitudinal research  Longitudinal research permits the measurement of change in a variable from one period to another.The 55 .4/29/12 2.

2.1. Main types of longitudinal research THE PANEL STUDY (prospective longitudinal study)  Appropriate 4/29/12 to collect data about change on a micro level as it really happens exemple of political parties expensive and time consuming. long maintenance of the research group to validity: attrition and panel conditioning 66  The  Disadvantages:  threats .

Main types of longitudinal research THE TREND STUDY (repeated cross sectional study)  Use 4/29/12 of questionnaire  Repetition of investigation on different participants which are representative of the same population and disadvantages  Advantages 77 .2.1.

Main types of longitudinal research RETROSPECTIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY  The 4/29/12 respondents think back and respond to the questions about the past experience of the answers are incorrect or inaccurate in some way unreliable than prospective study longitudinal developmental issues 88  50%  More SIMULTANEOUS CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY  Partly  Examines  Disadvantage: changes are related to different experience .2.1.

2. other longitudinal research designs  Rotating  Split 4/29/12 panels panels study longitudinal design research  Cohort  Accelerated  Experimental 99 .2.

4/29/12 2. longitudinal qualitative research  Longitudinal method research – QUAN method + QUAL  The potential of LQR: do they offer a bigger picture? complexity of QUAL data analysis increased impact of panel conditioning  The  The 10 10 .3.

2. .4. longitudial quantitative data analysis  Different 4/29/12 changes require different statistical procedures the appropriate theoretical model to the statistical model dimensions of longitudinal QUAN data analysis: Time series analysis Common design (in applied linguistics) 11 11  Matching 2 1.2.

Choosing a design: longitudinal vs.3. cross-sectional Cross-sectional: Longitudinal:  Longer Shorter  More expensive Cheaper  Difficulties in gathering the research No difficulties with gathering research 4/29/12 participants  Panel conditioning No panel conditioning  More difficult to control Easier to control 12 12 .

Z. (ed. Gass. London: Sage Publications. S. Research methods in social sciences. C. Oxford: OUP. For more informations: Somekh. Mackey... qualitative and mixed methodologies. Lewin. Second Language Research: Methodology and Design. A. Research methods in applied linguistics: quantitative. London: LEA.M.) (2005).4/29/12 Bibliography Dörnei. B. (2007). (2005). 13 13 .