Present Status of LTE & WiMAX in Global Communications

16 with existing OFDMA technology Data Rate: Mobile 100 Mbps Stationary 1Gbps LTE by “3GPP” WiMAX by “WiMAX Forum” .Developed by 3GPP Built on GSM using OFDM based air interface Downlink: pure OFDMA Uplink: Single carrier OFDMA Band required 1.25 to 20 MHz Data rate 250 Mbps Supported by WiMAX Forum Based on IEEE 802.

an industry trade group. • 3GPP engineers named the technology "Long Term Evolution" because it represents the next step (4G) in a progression from GSM. to UMTS. the 3G technologies based upon GSM. a 2G standard.Long Term Evolution • LTE is a 4G wireless broadband technology developed by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). .

Supports scalable carrier bandwidths. . from 1.• • • • Downlink peak rates of at least 100 Mbps Uplink of at least 50 Mbps RAN round-trip times of less than 10 ms.4 MHz to 20 MHz • Supports both frequency division duplexing(FDD) and time division duplexing (TDD).

25 to 20 MHz) High speed mobile broadband Good support for MOBILITY. Scalable bandwidth (1.Advantages • • • • • • • • • • Increased Spectral Efficiency High throughput Low latency Plug and play FDD and TDD in the same platform An improved end-user experience Simple architecture resulting in low operating costs. .

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• A large scale adoption of LTE in several parts of world can be expected by the end of 2012. • LTE spectrum. Currently there are 12 countries with LTE service.Stockholm & Oslo. • Launched by TeliaSonera on 14th Dec.2009. deployments & adoption is spread in 82 markets & on 189 networks(TeleAnalytics LTE research report).LTE Global • At present LTE service is completely available in 2 Scandinavian Capitals. • According to recent report by ABI Research:16mn Subscribers worldwide by the end of 2011. .

– 50% of LTE networks in North America will have last mile backhaul capacity. – US will lead the world in LTE adoption. – Japan will have major chunk of LTE subscribers in Asia Pacific. Vodafone has purchased 1500 base stations from Huawei & Ericsson in Germany.• By 2014. – LTE will draw 115mn subscribers. The Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) recently confirmed there are 51 LTE network commitments in 24 countries. . In 2010.

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• At present. This statement holds good for LTE deployment. QualComm & Aircel are carrying out LTE trials. .Indian Scenario • India has always been a late entrant in the technology front. • Indian industry is in sort of dilemma that weather to opt for LTE or Wimax. But expert believes that it takes 2-5 years time for the TD-LTE adoption to takes place. Reliance. Bharti.LTE. • Reliance Industries had already announced to offer TD-LTE Technology.

• WiMAX uses two spectrums of frequencies to provide two kinds of wireless broadband access services. • WiMAX uses higher frequency range to deliver more data to a larger distance. . • WiMAX is derived from the phrase Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access. • WiMAX was created by WiMAX forum. • Efficient alternative to Wi-Fi. (Mobile WiMAX & Fixed WiMAX) • WiMAX uses radio waves to transfer data.WiMAX • WiMAX is a digital wireless data communication system that can deliver high-speed broadband services up to a large distance of 50KMs.

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• Frequency range 2GHz – 11GHz(similar to Wi-Fi frequencies). • This type of WiMAX can only deliver up to 6-7 KMs. . • The data transfer occurs between WiMAX tower and the internal mobile receivers. • These types of connections are stronger and stable as it uses 66GHz frequency spectrum to carry more data. High Frequency Operation – Fixed WiMAX • The receiver requires dedicated antennae properly installed in the line-ofsight of WiMAX tower. • This mode of operation can deliver broadband services to about 50KM radius.Low Frequency Operation – Mobile WiMAX • WiMAX tower works more like an efficient & powerful wi-fi access point.

ADVANTAGES:• Large Area of Coverage • Scalability • In Built QoS • Multi-User Connectivity DISADVANTAGES:• Specialized Equipment Required • Limited Date Rate • Bandwidth Shared Among Users • Speed Decrease over Large Distance • Interference May Affect Connectivity • Rain can affect Connectivity .

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LTE & WiMAX Speed Comparisons .

People go wireless 2. Telecom equipment manufacturing 3. More revenues from copper base 5. Many trends that shaped the direction of this industry have emerged during this period. Drastic tariff reduction 6. Increased Internet usage 7. Vendors & Customers are as follows:1. Managed Services 4.Impact of Technology on Telecom Business Indian telecom industry is going through phenomenal growth in the past five years. Some of these trends that has a major impact on Operators. Enterprise communication through Internet .

new trends having the potential to change the direction of telecom industry in either way could emerge in the future . The trends in telecom industry have positive impacts on the operators. vendors and the end customers so far.Conclusion…. However. with more technological changes and aggressive competition from other industries like cable TV.