Energy Conservation At Home

How Energy can be saved at Home
• Solar Energy • Wind Energy • Biogas Energy

where hydrogen nucleus fuse into helium nucleus. some part is absorbed by earth’s surface and rest is reflected back to space. • The Sun’s energy comes from nuclear fusion reaction that takes place deep in the sun. . • About 15% of sun’s energy is absorbed by earth’s atmosphere.SOLAR ENERGY • The energy that is produced from sun is known as solar energy. • When such a reaction takes place then tremendous amount of energy is produced which is escaped into the space.

Use of solar energy for domestic purposes:- Fig (1) solar cooker .

Solar PV – the basics How do solar panels work? .

solar panels controller battery appliances . 2.Stand-alone Photovoltaic Systems (SPS) 1. 3. 4.

Hybrid Photovoltaic Systems (HPS) 1. battery 4. inverter 3. appliances • . grid 5. solar panels 2.

solar panels 2. grid 4. inverter 3. appliances • .Grid-connected Photovoltaic Systems (GPS) 1.

Types Horizontal axis Vertical axis design Twisted Savonius .Wind Turbine A wind turbine is a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into mechanical energy.


Wind-Electric System Types • Off-Grid Wind-Electric Systems • Wind-Electric System with Battery Backup • Battery less Grid-Tied Wind-Electric System .

Off-Grid Wind-Electric Systems .

Wind-Electric System with Battery Backup .

Battery less Grid-Tied Wind-Electric System .

and kitchen waste can be converted into a gaseous fuel called biogas. • Organic waste such as dead plant and animal material. • Typical composition of biogas Compound • Methane CH4 50–75% • Carbon dioxide CO2 25–50% • Nitrogen N2 0 –10% • Hydrogen H2 0–1% • Hydrogen sulphide H2S 0–3% • Oxygen O2 0–0% • A biogas plant is the name often given to an anaerobic digester that treats farm wastes or energy crops. . animal feces.Biogas • Biogas typically refers to a gas produced by the biological breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen.

dome type of biogas plant • The floating gas holder type of biogas plant .Types of biogas plants • The fixed.

Floating Dome type Biogas Plant .

An outline of fixed dome biogas plant Detailed structural design of fixed dome biogas plant .

Biogas Plant 20 m3/day Capacity Biogas Plant installed at IIT Delhi .

5 hp Engine for 1.5 Hrs. 10 Cattle or 6 buffaloes or 8 bullocks 4 cum gas/ day 100 kg.wet Digested slurry Enriched manure Electricity (5 Unit) POSSIBLE APPLICATION OF BIOGAS .Cooking for 16 Person Mantle lamp (100 C.P. Dung + water equal 70-80 kg.) 25-28 Hrs.

OFF Gas Lock Gas Regulator Opening screw Venture Tube Mantle Clay Nozzle Glass Globe INSIDE TYPE Lamp .ON .

Biogas Lamp for Lighting .

wind. Concerns about the greenhouse effect and global warming. geothermal. • All energy sources have an impact on the environment.Conclusion • We must all conserve energy and use it efficiently. It’s also up to those who will create the new energy technologies of the future. air pollution. . and energy security have led to increasing interest and more development in renewable energy sources such as solar. wave power and hydrogen.