You are on page 1of 23

BADARPUR THERMAL POWER STATION

SUMMER TRAINING REPORT 31ST MAY- 10TH JULY’ 2010

SUBMITTED BY: BHAGYASHREE PACHISIA EEE, 3rd YEAR

CONTENTS
1. Introduction NTPC Badarpur Thermal Power Station 2. Operation 3. Electrical Maintenance Division-I Turbine & Boilers Site LT/HT Switchgear CHP/NCHP 4. Electrical Maintenance Division-II Generator Transformer & Switchyard

. construction and operation of power generating plants and providing consultancy’s to power utilities in India.5% of the total equity of shares of the company and the balance10.ABOUT THE ORGANIZATION  NTPC limited is the largest thermal power generating company of the India.5% is held by FIIs.  Total installed capacity of the company is 31134 MW including JV’s with 15 coal based and 7 gas based stations across the country. domestic banks.  It was incorporated in the year 1975 to accelerate power development in the country as a wholly owned company of the government of India.  At present. Public sector company.  NTPC’S core business is engineering. Government of India holds 89. Public and others.

” MISSION Develop and provide reliable power related products and services at competitive prices. . integrating multiple energy resources with innovative & Eco-friendly technologies and contribution to the society.VISION “A world class integrated power major. powering India's growth with increasing global presence.

STRATERGIES .

THERMAL POWER PLANT In a thermal power plant. When the turbine turns. . oil or natural gas is used to heat the boiler to convert the water into steam. The steam is used to turn a turbine. electricity is generated and given as output by the generator. which is connected to a generator. which is then supplied to the consumers through high-voltage power lines. one of coal.

Indian Oil  Beneficiary state . Indian cooking coal limited.Delhi . eastern collieries and Jharia coal mines  Water source .Agra canal  Oil source .central coal field limited.BADARPUR THERMAL POWER STATION  Approved capacity  Installed capacity 705 MW 705 MW  Coal source .

LAYOUT OF A THERMAL POWER PLANT .

UNITS 1.COAL HANDLING DEPARTMENT • The processing of coal before it is fired to the furnace. • At BTPS we have two CHD• OCHD.3 • NCHD.5 • The Coal Handling Division of BTPS has the following parts: Railway Wagon Tripler Conveyor Coal Storage Ground Separator Pulverizer or Bowl Mill o o o o . comes under the coal handling division of the power plant.2.UNITS 4.

Railway Wagon Tripler Conveyor Separator Coal Storage Ground .

Fired to the Boiler Furnace for combustion Pulverizer .• Pulverizers are used to crush it into fine powered particles .

The piping and valves are generally of stainless steel. A DM plant generally consists of cation. such as PVC. The storage tank for DM water is made from materials not effected by corrosive water.WATER DEMINERALISING TREATMENT PLANT  Raw water input to the plant generally consist of calcium and    magnesium salts which impart hardness. This will form deposits on the tube water surfaces which will lead to overheating and failure of the tubes. . anion and mixed bed exchangers.

MAIN UNITS OF THERMAL POWER PLANT  STEAM GENERATOR OR BOILER  STEAM TURBINE  ELECTRIC GENERATOR .

• Pulverized coal is air-blown into the furnace from fuel nozzles at the four corners and it rapidly burns. • The water circulation rate in the boiler is three to four times the through output and is typically driven by pumps.3 inches (60 mm) in diameter. • The thermal radiation of the fireball heats the water that circulates through the boiler tubes near the boiler perimeter. • It is a rectangular furnace about 50 ft (15 m) on a side and 130 ft (40 m) tall.STEAM GENERATOR OR BOILER • A boiler or steam generator is a device used to create steam by applying heat energy to water. • Its walls are made of a web of high pressure steel tubes about 2. . forming a large fireball at the center.

• Here the steam is superheated to 1. . • It is separated from the water inside a drum at the top of the furnace. • The saturated steam is introduced into superheat pendant tubes.• As the water in the boiler circulates it absorbs heat and changes into steam at 700°F or 370°C.000 °F or 540 °C to prepare it for the turbine.

which produce electricity. • The turbines are driven by steam generated in 'Boilers' or 'Steam Generators’. • The rotating blades convert the kinetic energy into forces. which results in the rotation of the turbine shaft.STEAM TURBINE • Steam turbines are used to drive the generators. • Energy in the steam after it leaves the boiler is converted into rotational energy as it passes through the turbine. . caused by pressure drop. • Stationary blades convert the potential energy of the steam (temperature and pressure) into kinetic energy (velocity) and direct the flow onto the rotating blades.

. which produces the electrical energy. • The rotational speed is 3000 rpm.• The turbine shaft is connected to a generator.

• The stator winding is connected to terminals.ELECTRIC GENERATOR • The generators are used to convert mechanical power. . into electrical power . delivered from the shaft of the turbine. which are in turn connected to the power system for delivery of the output power to the system. which generates three-phase alternating currents and voltages in the copper winding of the stator (armature). • The mechanical energy from the turbine is converted by means a rotating magnetic field produced by direct current in the copper winding of the rotor or field.

2.310 V Current (rotor) .5 Kg/cm2 Stator wdg connection .6475 A Frequency .85 Frequency .117500 KVA Voltage .2600 V Speed .15750 V Current (stator) .0.10500V Speed .B .GENERATORS AT BTPC Rating of 95 MW Generator Capacity .3000 rpm Hydrogen .5 Kg/cm2 Power factor .9050 A Voltage (rotor) .3000 rpm Power factor .50 Hz Hydrogen .3 phase Insulation class – B Rating of 210 MW Generator Capacity .247000 KVA Voltage (stator) .3 phase star connection Insulation class .85 (lagging) Stator current .50 Hz Stator wdg connection .0.3.

This hopper is always filled with water to quench the ash and clinkers falling down from the furnace.ASH HANDLING FLY ASH COLLECTION Fly ash is captured and removed from the flue gas by electrostatic precipitators or fabric bag filters (or sometimes both) located at the outlet of the furnace and before the induced draft fan. The fly ash is periodically removed from the collection hoppers below the precipitators or bag filters. . a hopper has been provided for collection of the bottom ash from the bottom of the furnace. Some arrangement is included to crush the clinkers and for conveying the crushed clinkers and bottom ash to a storage site. Generally. BOTTOM ASH COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL At the bottom of every boiler. the fly ash is pneumatically transported to storage silos for subsequent transport by trucks or railroad cars.

fuses and/or circuit breakers used to isolate electrical equipment. or grid. used in association with the electric power system.6 kV AC) . •Low Tension (less than 440 volts AC) • High Tension (more than 6. refers to the combination of electrical disconnects. Switchgear is used both to de-energize equipment to allow work to be done and to clear faults downstream.SWITCHGEAR The term switchgear.

• Specifications : o Core type o Lap winding o star-delta connection o Cooling is oil natural air forced (ONAF) .75kV to 220kV for 210MW Generators. • 220kV output is transmitted to the switchyard for further transmission.5kV to 220kV for 95 MW Generators. o 15.TRANSFORMERS • Step-Up the Voltage from o 10.

.potential transformer .circuit breaker . Electrical switchyards are usually part of a substation where electricity is transformed from one voltage to another.SWITCH YARD It refers to an electrical switchyard which is where high voltage electricity is switched.current transformer and then finally to the outgoing line to different regions. The three phase power coming from transformer reaches the outgoing line by passing through isolator .