HORTICULTURE

By Group – 4
Abdusamad.AK
Lancelot Lobo Rohit Shetty Sahil Kote

Introduction
 Horticulture is the industry and science of plant cultivation including the process of preparing soil for the planting of seeds, tubers, or cuttings  Horticulturists work and conduct research in the disciplines of plant propagation and cultivation, crop production, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry, and plant physiology  The work involves fruits, berries, nuts, vegetables, flowers, trees, shrubs and turf  Horticulturists work to improve crop yield, quality, nutritional value, resistance to insects, diseases and environmental stresses

 Horticulture usually refers to gardening on a smaller scale, while agriculture refers to the large-scale cultivation of crops

marketing and maintenance of landscape plants. and removal of.ornamentals and edibles:  Arboriculture is the study of.  Landscape horticulture includes the production. individual trees. and the selection. which can be grouped into two broad sections .Areas of study horticulture involves eight areas of study. shrubs.  Floriculture includes the production and marketing of floral crops. planting.  Olericulture vegetables. and other perennial woody plants. vines. care. includes the production and marketing of .

 Postharvest physiology involves maintaining the quality of and preventing the spoilage of horticultural crops.  Oenology includes all aspects of wine and winemaking. . Fruticulture or Pomology includes the production and marketing of fruits.  Viticulture includes the production and marketing of grapes.

Dept of Horticulture.  The diverse agro-ecological conditions prevailing in Karnataka has made it possible to grow different types of horticultural crops such as fruits.  State stands 3rd in production of flower crops. plantation crops. . Aromatic and Medicinal crops. flowers.  It occupies 2nd and position with respect to area and production of plantation crops. spices. there is enormous potential for developing agro products. medicinal and aromatic crops etc. Govt of Karnataka  Karnataka is a progressive state in the field of modern horticulture in the country. root and tuber crops.  Karnataka is the 3rd largest producer of fruits and stands 5th position in area and production of vegetable crops. With growing urbanization and increasing quality consciousness.  Government of Karnataka is considering fruit and vegetable processing sector as a thrust area for development.  Karnataka is the largest producer of Spices. vegetables. Therefore. the market for processed fruit and vegetable is expected to grow rapidly.

improve nutritional security and income support to farm households. .  To enhance horticulture production.  To establish convergence and synergy among multiple on-going and planned programmes for horticulture development. especially unemployed youth.  To provide holistic growth of the horticulture sector through an area based regionally differentiated strategies.  To create opportunities for employment generation for skilled and unskilled persons.Objective  To develop horticulture to the maximum potential available in the State .  To promote. develop and disseminate technologies. through a seamless blend of traditional wisdom and modern scientific knowledge.

Karnataka GOVT INITIATIVE  Karnataka is the first state to set up a separate Department of Horticulture in India for the overall development of horticulture in the state  Karnataka Horticulture Department gives Rs 10. .000 per hectare incentive.

54 crores .71 crores  2008-09  2009-10 : Rs.36 crores : Rs.48 crores : Rs.Budget outlay  2005-06  2006-07  2007-08 : Rs. 44.55 crores 84. 163. 125. : Rs. 100.

Crops covered Perinnial fruits:  Mango  Pomegranate  Grapes  Sweet Orange  Sapota  Fig  Lime .

non perinnial fruits:  Banana  Pineapple Other Crops:  Flower Crops  Ginger  Black Pepper  Medicine & Aromatic crops  Cocoa  Cashew  Chillies .

Production stats for 2010 2010 .

in case of mango  Lack of suitable varieties for Processing (e. Bacterial disease in Pomegranate)  Leasing of orchard is a common practice. wine variety grape.Barriers for HORTICULTURE  Rationalization of varieties.g. erratic yield and Low productivity and use of public bred varieties e. Pepper wilt. fig)  Endemic diseases (Panama wilt in Banana.g. prevent farmer from taking interest in post harvest  Lack of proper maintenance of orchards  Need to explore marketability of traditional varieties (Rasbare)  Price fluctuation in vegetable and glut situation which affects farmers  Lack of information in trends of markets  High wastage due to lack of proper post harvest practices  Awareness & Education for utilisation of market infrastructure and post harvest facilities  High transportation and air freight .

SOANS FARM MOODBIDRI .

 The farm is famous for horticultural crops.  The farm is at present owned and managed by Soans Family descendents of Alfred Soans.  Located at Moodbidri.INTRODUCTION  Started in 1920.  120 acres of land. .  soans farm A horticultural farm originally started by a Swiss German missionary organization.

 Soans who had put in a lot of effort.  The local church. Eventually he was given charge of the farm on a lease. a Swiss-German missionary organisation in 1920. Fischer.  Soans brought in many innovations like intercropping with several new crops like Pineapple which saved the situation.  The low price of agricultural produce and the start of the Second World War were a great set back. a missionary based in Karkala.  under the leadership of Rev.  Alfred Soans. a young agricultural graduate was employed in 1928 to vigorously pursue the project.  Because of the shallow soil over the beds and the lack of irrigation. . prevailed on the church to save the farm.Initiative  Proposed by Basel Mission. which became the custodian of the farm could not support it and planned to sell the land. the initial coconut plantation did not prosper.

.Crops  Pineapple  Mango  banana  Vanilla  nutmeg  Various other spices  Medicinal herbs The place also has a cottage where people can unwind for a quiet and leisurely holiday.

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tingling blackberries. flowering trees brought from all over the world. egg fruits. king-size jackfruits and pineapples. at least 30-40 varieties of mangoes.  A sizable portion of the farm has been occupied by rare. . black pepper and various other herbs which fill the air with a superb aroma.Success  Nothing is ever out of season in the Soans farms today.  The Soans farm is slowly being recognized as a world centre of farm tourism. magnolias and various creepers. There are orchids. As an added flavour. the mango orchards have been intercropped with vanilla.  Moodbidri is acclaimed worldwide for the juicy Rambutans and Mangesteins.

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students and nature enthusiasts arrive here every year in good numbers. Soans says that many researchers.C.  The farm has almost become a centre of eco and farm tourism. L. .  There is even a dedicated cottage for those who wish to stay back. The Soans brothers usually suggest that the tourists trek around the western ghats. They help them study with their wide knowledge of local varieties.

 Gained name in the national as well as international market.  Pineapple made available at a very low price at the local market (moodbidri).  Supply pineapples to one of the giants called Field Fresh Foods pvt ltd (Del Monte). Soans farm is now one of the largest exporter of fruits. .

Dr.Shobha Vana  Not far away from the Soans farms is the sprawling estate of Dr.  An Ayurvedic doctor.Alva is obsessed with herbs. the demigod of Ayurveda .  Coming from a family of Ayurvedic doctors. Mohan Alva. he has converted at least 40 acres of his estate into a scientifically designed herbal garden created to match the details in the text book of Dhanvantri. academician and cultural personality all rolled into one.

 Another feature of this garden is a separate section which has been divided into medicinal plants having religious sanctity. fruits. Alva has planted over 600 varieties of herbs and classified them into various categories like flowering. many birds.  Some rare plants that grow only in Himalayan range. All these have been meticulously cultivated with the help of a qualified botanist.  Thanks to his vision.  The Nakshatra-Vana (dedicated to stars) Shivapanchakshri Vana. like Guggul. Ganesh Vana and Raasi Vana and Japa Kusuma Vanas have been formed in accordance with the classical Ayurvedic sciences.  One of the attractions of the `Shobha Vana' (treasure house of trees) is the original Ashoka Tree brought from Gaya. those with affinity to star signs and those dedicated to gods like Shiva and Ganapathy. . insects and reptiles that have been missing from the western ghats are coming back to nest. barks and berries. have also been thriving in this garden. Dr.

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