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Nonruminant Digestive Systems – Aves (Birds

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Bird Digestive System

beak tear food material into smaller particles. 2. travel down the esophagus to the crop. .The Process of Digestion 1.

Bird Digestive System .

.  Water is also added to the food material in the crop. Birds will swallow small particles of gritty material (sand and small rock in the wild) and this grit collects in the crop.  Birds utilize this grit to “grind” particles of food into smaller pieces.The Process of Digestion 3.

Bird Digestive System .

The Process of Digestion Saliva mixes with the food in the mouth to begin breaking down simple carbohydrates into simple sugars.  Amylases (enzymes that breakdown starch into sugars) found in saliva break certain chemical bonds to begin the process of carbohydrate digestion.  .

Bird Digestive System .

The Process of Digestion 4. Food material at this point has a mushy consistency.   Food then travels down the esophagus to the proventriculus. . where it mixes with highly acidic gastric juices. The proventriculus acts similar to the stomach of other animals.

Bird Digestive System .

.The Process of Digestion 5. Food material then moves to the gizzard. which is a very muscular organ  Food is physically ground into smaller pieces.

Bird Digestive System .

The Process of Digestion Food material that leaves the proventriculus is called chyme. called the duodenum. 6. . Chyme passes from the stomach to the first part of the small intestine.

Bird Digestive System .

the pancreas secretes enzymes that degrade sugars. fats.The Process of Digestion In the duodenum. and proteins. .

Bird Digestive System .

as the nutrient-filled food mixture is squeezed by the peristalsis.The Process of Digestion  As chyme is moved through the duodenum. making it more solid. nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream through small finger-like projections in the interior of the small intestine. . called villi.

Bird Digestive System .

The Process of Digestion   This process continues through the second part of the small intestine. . Chyme is continually compressed as it passed through the third part of the small intestine. called the jejunum. called the ileum.

Bird Digestive System .

The Process of Digestion 7. Chyme then moves into the large intestine. . where moisture is continually removed by peristalsis.

Bird Digestive System .

and then is removed through the vent. .The Process of Digestion 8. Food material is then collected in the cloaca.

Bird Digestive System .