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Comparing Mobile WiMAX with HSPA+, LTE, and Meeting the Goals of IMTAdvanced

February 2009 Presentation for Orlando MWG F2F Doug Gray


Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. All rights reserved

The data and statements in this presentation reflect the views of the WiMAX Forum based on currently available information obtained from WiMAX Forum and industry sources. While the presentation is believed to be accurate as of the date of its release, the WiMAX Forum does not warrant that the information presented herein is complete or without error. All materials are provided on an “AS-IS” basis and the WiMAX Forum disclaims all warranties. This presentation contains projections and other forward-looking statements that have been developed through assumptions based on currently available information. All such statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual developments and results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Such factors include, without limitation, unanticipated technological and other issues in developing and implementing product specifications and product certification testing, issues and delays that may arise in the activities of standards organizations, including, without limitation, in IEEE 802.16, changes and/or unanticipated developments in the governmental regulatory environment, unanticipated technological and manufacturing issues among product manufacturers in designing, building, and/or distributing products that implement WiMAX™ technology, market demand for WiMAX™ products and/or products built to operate within specified WiMAX Forum® profiles, and environmental, political, social and economic factors beyond the control of the WiMAX Forum. Specification and certification planning is a dynamic process that responds, in part, to market demand and other factors, including those identified above. All future plans are subject to change without notice as part of this process.


Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. All rights reserved

0 Timeline Comparison Migration Path Options for Today’s Mobile Operators Summary and Conclusion 3 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum.Outline • • • • • • • • HSPA+: Next step in 3GPP Migration Path Mobile WiMAX Rel 1.5 Mobile WiMAX Rel 2. All rights reserved .5 and HSPA+ 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) LTE Peak User Performance & Mobile WiMAX Rel 1.

. 4 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum.8 Mbps Peak Availability: 2007 Mobile WiMAX Rel 1. Throughput advantage depends on ratio of DL to UL traffic see white paper: “Mobile WiMAX – Part II: A Comparative Analysis”. All rights reserved . available on WiMAX Forum website for a more detailed analysis.0 (TDD.3GPP HSPA Rel-6 • FDD 2x5 MHz • • • • Channel BW Downlink: QPSK/16QAM (1x2) SIMO 14 Mbps Peak • • • • • Uplink: BPSK/QPSK (1x2) SIMO 5. 10 MHz Channel BW) has higher peak rate & 2x to 3x greater DL1 sector throughput than HSPA Rel-6 1.

February 2008”. In UMTS white paper “Towards Global Mobile Broadband. (2x2) MIMO in UL is part of Release 8. December 2007 2. Ref: “Release 7 HSPA+ for Mobile Broadband Evolution”. other sources indicates it is only being considered 5 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. Qualcomm Inc.HSPA+ (HSPA Rel-7 and Rel-8) The Next Step in 3GPP Evolution FDD 2x5 MHz Channel BW – as in Rel-6 HSPA Rel-7 Enhancements1 (Availability: late 2008) 64QAM in DL with (1x2) SIMO or … 16QAM in DL with (2x2) MIMO 16QAM in UL Higher VoIP Capacity HSPA Rel-8 Enhancements (Expected availability: 2009) Simultaneous DL support for (2x2) MIMO + 64QAM Higher order MIMO & UL MIMO being considered2 1. All rights reserved .

2.3 Mbps (2x2) MIMO (1x2) SIMO 16QAM-3/4 16QAM-3/4 21 Mbps 8.5 Mbps 8.6 Mobile WiMAX and HSPA+ HSPA1 WiMAX Rel-8 FDD 2 x 5 MHz (1x2) SIMO 64QAM-5/6 17. 4. Rel-7 2000 MHz Rel 1. 3. code rate used in table is considered more realistic for actual deployments and provides a more direct comparison to Mobile WiMAX Assumes DL/UL ratio 3:1 Assumes DL/UL ratio 1:3 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum.3 Mbps 35 Mbps 8.5 2500 MHz TDD 10 MHz (2x2) MIMO (1x2) SIMO 64QAM-5/6 64QAM-5/6 36 Mbps 17 Mbps 64QAM-5/6 64QAM-5/6 48 Mbps3 24 Mbps4 Source: “Release 7 HSPA+ for Mobile Broadband Evolution”. December 2007 Results for unity coding are often reported for HSPA. All rights reserved .3 Mbps 64QAM-5/6 FDD 2 x 5 MHz Parameter Frequency Duplex Channel BW BS Antenna MS Antenna DL Mod-Coding2 UL Mod-Coding2 DL Peak User Rate UL Peak User Rate 1. Qualcomm Inc.

2300. All rights reserved . FDD and TDD.Summary: Mobile WiMAX & HSPA+ • Mobile WiMAX Rel 1. and has planned profiles in 700. 2500.5 has >2 times better peak UL performance HSPA+ is constrained to 2 x 5 MHz channels in traditional 3G spectrum assignments Mobile WiMAX Rel 1.5 supports channel BWs up to 20 MHz. 1700. and Channel BW as HSPA Rel-8 Mobile WiMAX Rel 1. & 3500 MHz frequency bands Mobile WiMAX provides a flat all-IP e2e network Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum.5 has comparable peak DL • • • • 7 performance for the same Modulation. Coding.

3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) • 3GPP (LTE) is Adopting: – OFDMA in DL with 64QAM – All IP e2e Network – Channel BWs up to 20 MHz – Both TDD and FDD profiles – Flexible Access Network – Advanced Antenna Technologies – UL: Single-Carrier FDMA (SC-FDMA). All rights reserved 8 . (64QAM optional) • LTE is adopting technology & features already available with Mobile WiMAX trade-offs – Can expect similar long-term performance benefits and Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum.

All rights reserved . represent different technologies • Circuit switched to IP e2e network – Also requires new spectrum to take full advantage of wider channel BWs and … – Requires dual-mode user devices for seamless internetwork connectivity 9 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum.LTE: Not a Simple 3G Upgrade • LTE Represents a Major Upgrade from CDMA-Based HSPA (or EV-DO) – No longer a “simple” SW upgrade: • CDMA to OFDMA.

1 Mbps T-Mobile2 2x4 64QAM-5/6 144 Mbps 1x2 64QAM4-? 50. 64QAM is optional for UL in LTE specification.LTE Projections & Mobile WiMAX FDD 2 x 20 MHz Channel BW Parameter Reported LTE Results Motorola1 BS Antenna Channel BW Mod-Code Rate DL Peak User Rate MS Antenna Mod-Code Rate UL Peak User Rate ? ? 64QAM-5/6 117 Mbps 226 Mbps 2x2 4x4 WiMAX Rel 1.2008 3. January 2008 4. Joachim Horn. 16QAM is mandatory 10 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. All rights reserved . Motorola website. “LTE In Depth” .4 Mbps 2 x 20 MHz 1. “Trials–Ensuring Success for Innovation”. June 25-27.5 Qualcomm3 4x2 64QAM-? 277 Mbps 1x2 16QAM4-? 75 Mbps 2x2 4x4 2 x 20 MHz 64QAM-5/6 144. “3GPP Long-Term Evolution (LTE)”. NGMN Conference presentation. T-Mobile. Qualcomm.6 Mbps 289 Mbps 1x2 64QAM-5/6 69. Reference does not show UL peak rate projections 2.

2x2. 1x4. Spectral efficiency is based on NGMN Alliance recommended evaluation methodology 11 2.57 bps/Hz/Sector (2x2) MIMO2 0. “LTE in Depth”. 2x2. 4x4 UL: 1x2.64 bps/Hz/Sector (1x2) SIMO2 Target: Up to 350 km/hr 1 millisec Incremental Redundancy Typically limited by Mobile Device DL: 2x2.5 FDD and TDD 2500 MHz Up to 20 MHz OFDMA OFDMA 1.59 bps/Hz/Sector (2x2) MIMO 0.Other Key Parameter Comparisons Parameter Duplex Frequency Band for Performance Analysis Channel BW Downlink Uplink DL Spectral Efficiency1 UL Spectral Efficiency1 Mobility Support Frame Size HARQ Link Budget Advanced Antenna Support LTE FDD and TDD 2000 MHz Up to 20 MHz OFDMA SC-FDMA 1. 4x4 UL: 1x2. 2x4 Mobile WiMAX Rel 1. 4x2. 2x4 1. . Reference for LTE Spectral Efficiency: Motorola website. 2x4. 2x4.99 bps/Hz/Sector (1x2) SIMO Up to 120 km/hr 5 millisec Chase Combining Typically limited by Mobile Device DL: 2x2. 4x2. 1x4.

3 bps/Hz) 2x cell-edge UL user throughput of Release 1.0 is backwards compatible with Rel 1.0 (0.0 (0.5 and Rel 1.16m Mirrors IMT-Advanced Requirements – Key Performance Targets are: • • • • • • • • • Mobile WiMAX Rel 2.0 (2.0 (1.09 bps/Hz) 2x UL spectral efficiency of Release 1.0 • Release 2.Further Performance Enhancements Planned for Mobile WiMAX Release 2.05 bps/Hz) Reduction of the connection setup.2 kbps speech codec • Multi-Carrier support for contiguous or non-contiguous channels (up to 100 MHz operating BW with band aggregation) • Mobility support up to 500 km/hr . RAN delay.0 12 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. & handover interruption time >60 concurrent sessions per MHz per sector for the AMR 12.6 bps/Hz) 2x cell-edge DL user throughput of Release 1. All rights reserved Increased DL peak channel & user data rate Increased UL peak channel & user data rate 2x DL spectral efficiency of Release 1.16m System Requirements • Document 802.0 is based on the IEEE 802.

10 . 5 0. LTE DL UL Spectral efficiency has an impact on the business case  Lowers deployment cost per Megabit  Adds channel capacity to support new value-added services for increased operator revenues 13 . Rel 15 . 0 Rel 10 . 20 .Spectral Efficiency Enhancements for Mobile WiMAX Average Spectral Efficiency 2008 2010 2011 2010 30 . Mobile WiMAX Rel 20 . 25 . 0. . bps/Hz/Sector 15 .

0 802.0 802.14 3GPP & Mobile WiMAX Timeline Mobile WiMAX Rel 1.16m IP e2e Network 3GPP HSPA Rel-6 HSPA+ Rel-7 & Rel-8 IMTAdvanced Ckt Switched Network LTE & LTE Advanced Mobile WiMAX time to market advantage IP e2e Network CDMA-Based OFDMA-Based 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 .5 802.16e Rev 2 Rel 2.16e-2005 Rel 1.

Upgrade Path for Existing Operators Radio Access Network Backhaul Network Core Network 2G. GSM.E1s 2G. 3G. EVDO. 3G. Both require new spectrum 15 Conversion to all-IP core & increased backhaul capacity required in either case Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. HSPA T1. All rights reserved . Core Network Su pp ort f or Le ga cy RA N Next Generation Access Network Data Overlay or Replacement Increased BH Capacity All-IP Core Network LTE or WiMAX Comparable CAPEX for WiMAX today or LTE in 2+ years.

all-IP flat network. All rights reserved • Mobile WiMAX provides a simple.Other Deployment Considerations • Mobile WiMAX has significant time-to-market advantage – 100+ Certified client devices by year-end 2008 – 1000+ Certified client devices expected by 2011 – WiMAX Rel 1. LTE specification not expected until end of 2008 • WiMAX has friendly Intellectual Property Environment – IPR distributed amongst many companies. not just a few – Open patent alliance established – Lower costs for WiMAX/WiFi client devices – LTE network is a more complex multi-layer network burdened with proprietary 3G cellular protocols Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. with all IETF protocols 16 .0 being deployed today.

Mobile WiMAX: WiMAX Forum Network Specification Release 1. Optimized for high speed data Source: LTE/SAE: 3GPP. Fewer nodes & fewer device requirements.U GTP . IP.U RLC MAC L1 UDP/IP L2 L1 S1-U UDP/IP L2 L1 UDP/IP L2 L1 S5 UDP/IP L2 L1 UE/MS E-UTRAN Serving GW PDN GW SGi Mobile WiMAX User Plane & Data Flow Based on simple IETF protocols. PP P Multiple layers.g. PPP PDCP RLC MAC L1 LTE-Uu PDCP GTP . Many nodes and proprietary protocols Relay Relay GTP .g. All rights reserved .0 17 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. IP.U e.U GTP .Comparing the End-to-End Network LTE/SAE User Plane & Data Flow Application e.

5 and LTE have comparable performance Both use OFDMA in the DL with higher order modulation and coding Peak performance is similar for same modulation and code rate Both support FDD and TDD with channel BWs up to 20 MHz Both support higher order MIMO antenna solutions Both offer reduced latency But Mobile WiMAX has ~2 year time lead and a… A flat e2e network architecture optimized for high speed data Throughput & spectral efficiency target for Mobile WiMAX Rel 2.16m will mirror IMT-Advanced requirements Mobile WiMAX Rel 1. All rights reserved .0 is backwards compatible with Rel 1.Summary and Conclusion Mobile WiMAX and LTE are both accepted as candidates to meet IMTAdvanced performance goals IMT-Advanced specifications not yet fully defined IEEE 802.0 will further enhance key performance parameters Mobile WiMAX Rel 2.0 & Rel 1.5 Comparable investment to upgrade 2G/3G network to LTE or Mobile WiMAX New spectrum required for either LTE or WiMAX to support wider channel BW Multi-Band/Multi-Mode subscriber devices required in either case for internetwork connectivity and global roaming Upgrade to Mobile WiMAX provides operators a significant time-to-market advantage 18 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum.

com 19 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. All rights reserved .Thank You for Your Attention dgray.tcs@gmail.

Appendix 20 Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. All rights reserved .

EV-DV Methodology differs from NGMN Alliance Methodology 2.wimaxforum.0 0.0 DL/UL=1/1 3xEVDO Rev B HSPA Rel-6 DL/UL=3/1 Mobile WiMAX Rel 1. Reference: “Mobile WiMAX – Part II: A Comparative Analysis”.5 Notes: 1. All rights reserved .Mobile WiMAX Release 1.0 vs.5 1. 3G Enhancements Net Throughput per Channel/Sector Comparison 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 DL/UL=1/1 3xEVDO Rev B HSPA Rel-6 DL/UL=3/1 Mobile WiMAX Rel 1. www. May 2006. 2x5 MHz FDD Channels Copyright 2009 WiMAX Forum. WiMAX Forum website.5 21 2.0 1.0 1x10 MHz TDD Channel DL UL bps/Hz .0 1x10 MHz TDD Channel • 3GPP HSPA Rev 6: Evolution of WCDMA DL UL Mbps . • 3GPP2 EV-DO Rev B: Evolution of CDMA2000 • Performance Projections Based on EV-DV Methodology Spectral Efficiency Comparison 2x5 MHz FDD Channels 2.