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A hydrogen bond is the attractive interaction of a hydrogen atom with an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen, oxygen or fluorine, that comes from another molecule or chemical group. The hydrogen must be covalently bonded to another electronegative atom to create the bond.
USED IN METAL CHELATES AND ORGANIC COMPOUNDS LOW FIELD AND UPSHIFT SIGNAL 1> THE ELECTROSTATIC EFFECT OF THE DONOR ATOM OR GROUP 2>THE DIAMAGNETIC ANISOTROPY OF THE DONOR ATOM OR GROUP 3>CHANGES IN LONG-RANGE SHIELDING OF THE ACCEPTOR GROUP

ArSH.delta(ppm)=3-4 indicates low field shifts caused by hydrogen bonding .

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WF6L After NMR-WF5L+F- .a.Complexes of WF6 Initially.

b. Structure of SOF4 •Only 1 signal in the low field .

Structure of HF2- . Structure of CIF3d.c.

f. .e. Def of isomerism-Two or more compound having same molecular formula but different structural Formulas are called isomers and process is called Isomerism. A molecule that binds to another (usually larger) molecule. Ligand isomerismDef of a ligand-An ion or molecule attached to a metal atom by coordinate bonding. Linkage isomerism-ligand can be bonded to a metal in several ways.

Structure of Polyethylene-NMR shows 2 types of lines•Narrow-amorphous phase •Broad.crystalline phase .g.

The interconversion of the two forms involves the movement of a proton and the shifting of bonding electrons. hence.Keto-enol tautomer's refers to a chemical equilibrium between a keto form (a ketone or an aldehyde) and an enol (an alcohol). the isomerism qualifies as tautomerism. . The enol and keto forms are said to be tautomers of each other. NMR spectrum of acetyl acetone is taken. •Areas of peaks of CH2 and CH are taken and carefully taken.

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continued  “pseudo rotation” Ex:PF 5 bipyramid Trigonal .Applications.

Exchange effects •Width depends on physical medium of sample and the type of nucleus •Liquids-small width(2-3 Hz) •Broad bands-depends on rate of exchange(1/tau) •Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle .7.

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Determination of activation energy Ex:N-N’- dimethyl-acetamide(DMA) At -30 deg C.8.single line Arrhenius equation- .single peak+doublet 90 deg C.

Elemental analysis•Total concentration of a given kind of magnetic nucleus in a sample 11. Study of isotopes other than protonmagnetic moments 12.10.Fluorine and Phosphorus-resonance can be studied .

hence overlap of spectra No info about molecular weight.    Lack of sensitivity Two different types of hydrogen atoms resonate at similar resonance frequencies. only relative number of different protons are known Only liquids can be studied .

NMR-most useful analytical tools for the elucidation of many inorganic and organic structural problems .

1.chatwal-anand 2.commonchemistry.Wikipedia 3.Instrumental methods of chemical analysis.org .