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A Presentation on Watershed Management

The case of people's participation in watershed management in Ralegan Siddhi By : Ankit Khare Ivth Semester.

Ralegan Siddhi.Introduction  Development fundamentally refers to human beings. mental and emotional aspirations and potentials. often termed as an oasis of greenery surrounded by dry and bare hilly tracts is a unique example of transformation from poverty to plenty and a living model of people's participation in natural resource management in a watershed. not just in economic terms but should also lead to a sense of selfsufficiency and fulfilment. It should be a human experience to meet people's physical. .

ANNA HAZARE Big achievements of a small man       Kishan Baburao Hazare.selling shop in Mumbai. Felt like being reborn. In 1962. popularly known as Anna Hazare Born on 15 January 1940 in a farmer's family in Bingar near Ahmednagar. Took voluntary retirement in 1975. In 1965. started a flower. Studied up to 7th standard(higher primary). In 1955. A vow to do social service. selected for the Indian army. Landed in Ralegan Siddhi and started rural development activities. survived the bomb-attack during Indo-Pak war. later influenced by Swami Vivekananda's thoughts. .

In about 70% of the area the soils are light to medium in structure. Maharashtra It is a drought-prone and resource poor area with annual rainfall ranging between 50-700 mm. The soils are shallow. . Temperature varying between 28°C and 44°C. The land is undulating and slopes vary from 315%. The village is surrounded by small hillocks on the northeast and southern sides. patches of black soils mixed with pebbles are seen but towards the higher areas the soils are inferior and unsuitable for cultivation. In lower areas.Ralegan siddhi     Ralegan Siddhi is a small village with an area of 982 hac in Parner county (taluka) of Ahmadnagar district.

.Features of Ralegan Siddhi Watershed   The area of the village is sub-divided into four watersheds. The percentage slope of the watershed varies from 3 to 25 %. The topographical feature which includes elevation from the highest point of watershed to the lowest point of watershed is about 75 mts. This would increase the rate of infiltration of the rain water and thus increase the ground water recharge in the area. The strategy followed in planning these watershed is mainly to conserve the soil by checking the run off.

 The village had become quite notorious with all sorts of social evils.  The water table was below 20 m. most of the wells used to dry up during summer and the drinking water had to be fetched from the neighbouring villages. moral down fall and with badly shattered economic conditions. due to high degree of slope and lack of vegetative cover had washed away the top fertile layer of the soils.  . Anna Hazare.Problems A Plenty………… By 1975.  The high rate of surface run off. the situation of the village was at the peak of its deterioration. Barely 20 ha of the village area was under irrigation. prior to intervention by Mr..

Continue…………………    As a consequence the agricultural production was too meagre to support and sustain the livelihoods of the people particularly the resource poor farmers. constructed a percolation tank but due to faulty design. lack of supervision. it failed to serve the purpose. The devastating drought of 1972 made the situation from bad to worse. The Government in its bid to help fight the drought. . About 45% of the villagers had a single meal/per day and about one-third of the households missed their meals every alternate day. Not even 30% of the food grain requirements could be met from rain-fed monocropping practised in the village. and high rate of percolation.

Structures were created to conserve every drop of water by using simple but effective technology through 'shramdan' . iii. dowry and alcoholism. based on which he started with watershed management as the shortage of water was the most acute problem in his village. Control on population growth (family planning). Ban on open grazing and felling of trees ii.  Five voluntary codes were decided.Watershed Management at Ralegan Siddhi  Anna Hazare always stressed on consensus decision in village assembly. These were: i.

Approaches/methods used for people's participation Persuasion  Gandhian approach  Creation of a common platform  Moral cleansing  Selfless leadership  Identification of the most pressing common problem  Initiating the process of change at individual level  .

Approaches/methods used for people's participation Socialization of costs and surpluses  Democratic decision making process  Social reform with strict discipline  Need-based planned socio-economic development  Cooperative management system  Special focus on women  Facilitating village organizations  Water Rationing  .

 .S.G.The watershed development programme included the following treatments Afforestation  Live check dams  Brushwood dams  Gully plugging  Loose boulders  Earthern structures  Contour bunding and graded bunding  Land shaping & grading  Nala bunding & cement nala bunding  Under ground bandhara cum gabian structures  Percolation tanks  Use of improved seed for better Agronomical practices. Horticulture programmes under E.

000) has been sold by the village. now there is enough food.Impact of Watershed Management Five hundred thousand trees have been planted. in the village. training centre for watershed management etc. bank. 8.5 % in 1975 to 70 % in 1985.5 m  Irrigation potential increased from 0. Agriculture production increased by four times. US$ 230. not only for own consumption but surplus for export also. cooperative societies. in the village. fruit. solar street lights.000.000 (aprox. lowcost latrines. fodder. bio-gas plants.  In the 1995 only. firewood etc. post office.  .  Now there is an intermediate college. onion worth Rs. Ground water is recharged from 20 m depth to 6. Thus.

protection of green cover.Achievements at Ralegan Siddhi      Successful implementation of voluntary codes e. Development of agriculture and allied sectors by better farming practices and cropping patterns. a living example of watershed development and management. Regeneration of watershed resources through people's participation. check on extravagance on marriages etc. judicious use of water by introducing drip irrigation system. Non-degrading and sustainable utilization of natural resources as well as generating alternative sources of income to enhance the economy at family and village levels.g. yield enhancement etc. ban on grazing. The quality of life of women and people belonging to backward classes have improved appreciably .

Weakness of Ralegan Siddhi    Though there has been tremendous improvement in the status of women and much has been done yet more remains to be done to involve them fully in the process. This means that women development needs specialized and extra effort. The managerial capability is weak and it is reflected in the failure of cloth cutting and tailoring scheme and thereby weakening the participating of women . There is no effort towards the development of agro-based rural/small scale industries to enhance the value of the products and keep the participation of the people intact.

Krishi Bhushan etc. involvement of all sections of society. The success has made the Government of India to request the leader (Mr. Anna Hazare) to take up the program in 300 counties (talukas) of Maharastra state. For his contributions. This is in fact. His decorations include. Conclusion . he has been very rightly honoured by the Government of India. holistic and sustained development. Padma Bibhusan. voluntary moral codes GO/NGO partnership.     The case study shows the success of Gandhian approach to people's participation in watershed management. is a success story from poverty to prosperity by the efforts of a son of the soil. Vriksh Mitra Puraskar. The major elements responsible for the successful people's participation in watershed management at the Ralegan Siddhi village are: emergence of local leadership. underpinning of moral sanctions for all.

Some Snaps Of Ralegan Siddhi Check Dam Gully plugging Loose Boulder Wire Gabion Structure .