.A BRIEF VIEW      Generation refers change in nature of Service compatible transmission technology and new frequency bands. 2G systems use digital communication techniques with TDM. gaming services. ultra-broadband Internet access. FDM. CDMA. 4G aims to provide IP telephony. 3G systems offer higher data rates and voice and paging services to provide interactive multimedia including teleconferencing and internet access. 1G systems used analog frequency modulation.

4G provide an end-to-end IP solution where voice and data is going to be served to users.    .WHAT IS 4G ???   4G refers to the fourth generation of cellular wireless standards 4G is a packet switched wireless system with wide area coverage and high throughput. 4G wireless uses OFDM and millimeter wireless that enables data rate of 20 mbps and frequency band of 2-8 GHz. 4G is going to be a packed based network.

3G Vs 4G The following table shows comparisons between 3G and possible 4G systems.8 .8 GHz Bandwidth 5-20 MHz 5-20 MHz Data rate Up to 2Mbps Up to 20 Mbps Access Wideband CDMA Multi-carrier CDMA or OFDM(TDMA) Packet 200 kmph Switching Mobile top speeds Circuit/Packet 200 kmph . 3G 4G Frequency Band 1.5 GHz 2 .2.

Data rate of at list 100Mb/s between any two points in the world.OBJECTIVES OF 4G     4G being developed to accommodate QoS rate requirements set by further development of existing 3G applications. optionally up to 40MHz.25bit/s/Hz/cell for indoor usage. . Increase system spectral efficiency of up to 3bit/s/Hz/cell in the downlink and 2. Flexible channel bandwidth between 5 and 20MHz.

IPv6 support large number of wireless enabled devices. . IPv6 removes the need for NAT (Network Address Translation). based on two parallel infrastructure circuit switched and packet switched network nodes. This will require lowlatency data transmission. 4G will be based on packet switching only.IPv6 SUPPORT  Unlike 3G.   By increasing the number of IP addresses.

high capacity. and other broadband services. streaming video. and scalable mobile services. Global access. Smooth handoff across heterogeneous networks. service portability. . Support interactive multimedia. Internet. voice. Better scheduling and call admission control techniques. and low cost per bit.BENEFITS OF 4G      High speed.

mobile TV. high speed data. In addition to improvements in the multiplexing systems.) Interoperability with existing wireless standards. improved modulation techniques are being used. HDTV video content. etc.BENEFITS OF 4G    High quality of service for next generation multimedia support (real time audio. . more efficient systems such as QAM are being proposed for use with the 3GPP Long Term Evolution standards. Whereas earlier standards largely used Phase-shift keying.

Wireless carriers have an opportunity to shorten Investment return. . applications and services. technologies. 4G .CONCLUSION     Migration to 4G networks ensures convergence of networks. improve operating efficiency and increase revenues. 4G can serve as a flexible platform.a promising Generation of wireless communication that will change people’s lives.