What is violence?

Violence against women is defined in Article 1 of the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Violence Against Women as: Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.

sexual harassment. differential access to food and medical care. sexual abuse by strangers and family members. dowry abuse and murders. effects on birth outcome). abuse of women with disabilities Abuse of widows. education and medical care Child marriage. emotional and physical abuse. trafficking in women Abuse of women by intimate male partners. coerced pregnancy. rape.Types of Violence • Pre-Birth : • Sex selective abortion. forced prostitution. battering during pregnancy (emotional and physical effects on the woman. psychological abuse. non acceptance of single women . rape. sexual harassment. partner homicide. sexual abuse in the workplace.elder abuse affects mostly women • Infancy : • • Girlhood : • • Adolescence : • • Reproductive Age • • Elderly • . child labor Dating & violence. mass rape in war Female infanticide. sexual abuse in the workplace. child prostitution. differential access to food. marital rape. economically coerced sex.

Security and Bodily Integrity . clean water and Sanitation Right to Housing and Land Right to Livelihood Right to Protection.Rights of Women • • • • • • • • • • Right to Life Right to Live with dignity Right to Freedom from sexual and physical violence Right to Quality Education & health care Right to Governance Rights to information Right to food.

starting with the World Conference of the International Women's Year in Mexico City. • In 1946 the United Nations established a Commission on the Status of Women. local custom.• The term women's rights refers to freedoms and entitlements of women and girls of all ages. but also illustrated divisions between women of different cultures and the difficulties of attempting to apply principles universally . and behavior in a particular society. These conferences created an international forum for women's rights. These rights may or may not be institutionalized. ignored or suppressed by law. Since 1975 the UN has held a series of world conferences on women's issues.

3% women judges 6% women union 7% women are collector Salem in TN is one of the 10 adverse sex ratio districts in India .6%) Women earn 1/10 of the world income (10%) Women own 1/100 of the world property (1%) United Nations 1980 In India 1000 male 933 female only 75% male educated 55% women are educated 9% women are Govt jobs. 11% women ministers.Shocking news • • • • • • • • • • • • • Women are 1/2 of the world population (50%) Women work 2/3 of the World working hours (66.