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POLITEKNIK SULTAN ABDUL HALIM MU’ADZAM SHAH JITRA KEDA ASSIGNMENT

GROUP MEMBERS: 1.PREM KUMAR A/L SIVARAMAN(03DEM11F1009) 2.KARTHIK A/L MANIKAM(03DEM11F1005) TITLE: ELECTRONIC SYSTEM(JM202) LATCHUER NAME: PN.MAZITA

AMPLIFIER AND SINUSOIDAL WAVE OSCILLATOR CIRCUITS >oscilator circuits and state their characteristics >draw the following oscillator circuits >compare the various types of oscillators

Oscillator Circuit Oscillator is a device that can convert dc voltage to ac voltage without any external source at a particular frequency .

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Requirements For Oscillation • Amplification • Frequency determining device • Positive feedback .

and the output amplitude is relatively constant.Characteristics of the Armstrong oscillator • It uses an LC tuned circuit to establish the frequency of oscillation • feedback is accomplished by mutual inductive coupling between the tickler coil • Its frequency is fairly stable. .

Colpitt’s oscillator circuit .

Hartley oscillator circuit .

Phase shift oscillator circuit .

Crystal oscillator circuit .

NUMBER SYSTEMS AND CODE SYSTEM >DECIMAL NUMBER SYSTEM >BINARY NUMBER SYSTEM .

Introduction decimal and binary number binary numbers important for digital systems important to represent decimal quantities outside the digital system Decimal binary computer and digital systems must use the decimal system as input and then converted to binary numbers be converted .

. rejected any number should be smaller than the number rejected. then we must take the last digit is rejected as a carrier for the order-n +1 digits. if not we need to borrow from the larger digit. count the money • The decimal number.DECIMAL NUMBER SYSTEM • decimal number is a vast number of systems for example. any results of each digit in the order-n in excess of 9 must be rejected with 10.

BINARY NUMBER SYSTEM • binary number is important in a digital computer • This number system has two basic digits 0 and 1 only • This number is marked with 2 as the carrier at the end of the LSB numbers .

make sure that this number can not exceed 1. The sum must be rejected by 2 if more than 1 and the remainder was due to the fact that while the two that have been rejected just do not be ignored but taken as a carrier for the larger weights.• adding binary numbers. • reject the binary number. a number that is less than the number to be less need to borrow from the digits in the larger order .

BOOLEAN OPERATIONS PRACTICAL >COMMUTATIVE LAW >ASSOCIATIVE LAW >DISTRIBUTIVE LAW >INVOLUTION RULES >DE MORGAN’S THEOREM .

x is the logical variables that can be logic 0 or 1 .CONSTRUCT COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUITS FROM BOOLEAN EXPRESSIONS • Theorem eight basic boolean and its application • simplify expressions and logic circuits • there are eight basic Theorem and observe that in each Theorem.

X . commutative law shows that the sequence of OR or AND two variables are not significant result X+Y=Y+X X .Y=Y .COMMUTATIVE LAW • the next Theorem involves more than about one variable.

ASSOCIATIVE LAW • This law allows us to classify the variables in the expression AND or OR expression. X(YZ) = (XY)Z= XYZ X + (Y+Z) = (X+Y) + Z = X+Y+Z .

DISTRIBUTIVE LAW • This law states that an expression can be expanded by multiplying a reference to a reference X(Y+Z) = XY + XZ ( W + X) ( Y+ Z) = WY + XY + WZ+ XZ .

Y) = X + Y . Y (X . (X + Y) = X .DE MORGAN’S THEORAM • Theorem is useful in facilitating expression or product of the inverse of the sum variable.