14 Principles of Management

Cheryl C. Espartero MAEd.Mngt.
(1841 -1925)


His belief that management was an activity common to all human beings in business. and even in the home led him to develop 14 principles of management. organize.THE 14 PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT Henri Fayol ( 1841-1925) was the French managing theorist and director of large coal mining firm. production. as known today. organizing. These are known as the fundamental rules of management that could be taught in schools and applied in all organizational situations. Fayol was the first to identify the four functions of managements: planning. and controlling. finance. and control. distribution. His original definition of management comprised of five elements: forecast and plan. government. and other typical business functions. . directing. He became famous by writing 14 principles of management. He described the practice of management as something distinct from accounting. command. coordinate.

These principles serve as guidelines for decisions and action of managers. Management principles are statements of fundamental truth. It shows that the best book about management is Quran and one can become good manager by understanding the Holy Quran and following the Sunnah of Prophet Mohammed. underlying factors that form the foundations of successful management according to Henri Fayol (1841-1925) in his book General and Industrial Management (1961). .These principles are considered as most comprehensive principles of management. The reason behind this is that these principles are actually derived from teachings of Islam. The principles of Management are the essential. They are derived through observation and analysis of events which managers have to face in practice.

. 3. there would have been collision in both”. besides Allah.Now let’s look at the principles and compare it with relevant. Unity of direction: the organization should have a single plan of action to guide managers and workers. Discipline: Employees must obey and respect the rules that govern the organization. “ if there were in the heavens and the earth. 1. “…No soul shall have a burden laid on it greater than it can bear…” [2:33] 2. other gods. “Obey Allah and his Messenger and those in position of authority among you. Division of work: specialization increases output by making employees more efficient. 5.Unity of command: every employee should orders from only one superior. Authority: managers must be able to give orders and authority gives them this right. “[4:59] 4.

and ask for (God’s) forgiveness for them. Subordinates of individual interests to the general interests: The interest of any employee or group of employee should not take precedence over the interest of the organization as a whole.” 9. .Remuneration: Workers must be paid a fair wage for their services.H) said that “ Pay remuneration to labor before drying sweat” 8.B. Then.6.U. nobody can be honest unless and until he like the things for his brother (other Muslims) that he likes for himself. Prophet Muhammad (P. Order: People and the material should be in right place at the right time. for God loves those who put their trust (in Him).Centralization: This term refers to the degree to which subordinates are involved in decision making.” 7. when you have taken a decision put your trust in God. “ I swear by the One who owns my life. “…Pass over ( their faults). and consult them in affairs (of moment). 10. Scalar chain: The line of authority from top management to lowest ranks is the scalar chain.

” “ Kindness is the noblest weapon to conquer with” 12 . Stability of tenure of personnel: Management should provide personnel planning and ensure that replacements are available to fill vacancies. 14. In order that ye may not transgress (due) balance.” [55:7-9] 13. Equity: Managers should kind and fair to their subordinates. “ Allah does not take pity on the one who have not it for others. So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance. Esprit de Corps: Promoting team spirit will build harmony and unity within the organization. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the conduct of affairs” . “ And the Firmament has He raised high. “(Telling the Prophet) if you had been stern and fierce of heart they (the companions and followers) would have disappeared from around you.11. Initiative: Employees who are allowed to originate and carry out plans will exert high levels of effort. and He has set up the Balance (of Justice).

Evaluation: 1. How can you define your school in relation to the management principles of Fayol? 3. Where did Henri Fayol got the idea on his principles of management? 2. In your class. as a teacher how do you manage your pupils to have a better output? .

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