Installation

Installation
Safety and Installation Considerations
Installation Consideration
The indoor units must be connected directly to the DC Supply System grounding electrode conductor All indoor equipment in the immediate vicinity must be grounded in the same way, and not be grounded elsewhere The DC supply system is to be local, i.e. within the same premises as the indoor equipment There shall be no disconnect device between the grounded circuit conductor of the DC source (return) and the point of connection of the grounding electrode conductor Ensure that outdoor units, antennas and supporting structures are properly installed to eliminate any physical hazard to either people or property Verify that the installation of the outdoor unit, antenna and cables is performed in accordance with all relevant national and local building and safety codes Even where grounding is not mandatory according to applicable regulation and national codes, it is highly recommended to ensure that the outdoor unit and the antenna pole (when using external antenna) are grounded and suitable lightning protection devices are used so as to provide protection against voltage surges and static charges In any event, Alvarion is not liable for any injury, damage or regulation violations associated with or caused by installation, grounding or lightning protection
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Installation
Safety and Installation Considerations
Electronic Static Discharge (ESD)
The Base Station includes devices that can be damaged by accidental introduction of ground or foreign voltages etc An electrostatic discharge on a component at a voltage exceeding 600 volt is sufficient to damage the component, even if mounted on a board WARNING Due to ESD, Electronic boards must be stored in anti-static envelopes or inside packages, during transportation and storage It is recommended an anti-static bracelet connected to ground via protective resistance to avoid circuits damage when handling printed circuits All electronic components are subject to ESD electrostatic discharges Electrostatic discharges at voltage ratings below 4000 volts are not normally detected or perceived in any other form by the persons causing the actual discharges For example, the natural movements of a person wearing synthetic clothing may generate electrostatic voltages exceeding 10,000 V! Components are damaged by an electrical break in the ultra-thin insulating layer in the integrated circuits (measuring typically 0.0001 mm) The damage may be serious and cause the immediate function failure or remain latent and occur later, only after a certain time span has elapsed, which could also be several years! 3
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Installation
Safety and Installation Considerations
ODU Positioning
The ODU can be either pole/tower or wall mounted Its location should enable easy access to the unit for installation and testing Outdoor units with a connection to an external antenna should be installed as close as possible to the antenna The antenna should be positioned in such a way that the coverage will not be affected by environmental conditions of the roof or house on which it is installed For instructions on installing the antenna, refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions provided with the antenna The higher the placement of the antenna, the better the achievable link quality The antenna of the Access Unit should be installed so as to provide coverage to all Subscriber Units within its service area The recommended minimum distance between any two antennas is 0.5 meters The antenna should be installed to provide a direct, or near line of sight with the coverage area

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Installation
Safety and Installation Considerations
Antenna Positioning
When the BS antenna is installed outside the boundaries of the roof The minimum distance between the antenna and the railing or building side is 25 cm The angle between the antenna and the roof is 22 degrees When the BS antenna is installed on a pole on top of the railing The antenna is not blocked by anything on the roof, or on adjacent roofs It is essential to maintain a minimum distance of 1.5m between the lower part of the antenna and the top of the roof, fence or railing, whichever is closer to the antenna When the BS antenna is installed on a pole and the pole is installed towards the center of the roof The antenna may be blocked by objects on the roof or by the railing or fence It is essential to maintain a minimum distance between the lower part of the antenna and fence or railing, in order to minimize disturbance of the antenna’s lobe The distance to the roof’s floor and the fence depends on the distance of the antenna from the railing The farther the horizontal distance of the antenna from the raising, the larger the vertical distance

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Installation
Safety and Installation Considerations
Heat Dissipation
Use the following formula to calculate the heat dissipation for each Base Station: [(Module 1 power consumption) + (Module 2 power consumption) + … (Module N power consumption)] x 2.3884 = BTU For example, for a Base Station with 1 AU and 1 NPU (and no redundancy), the heat dissipation is as follows: [(PIU = 30 Watt) + (PSU = 200 Watt) + (NPU = 65 Watt) + (AU-IDU = 41 Watt) + (AVU = 24 Watt)] x 2.3884 = 860 BTU

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Installation
Installation Process

Site Survey and Preparation

Base Station Installation

Subscriber Unit Installation

LOS Evaluation Site Evaluation Radio Survey

Access Unit Outdoor Unit Installation

Subscriber Unit Outdoor Unit Installation

Site Preparation

Base Station Indoor Unit Installation

Subscriber Unit Indoor Unit Installation
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Installation
Installation Process
Site Survey
Check whether there are line of sight conditions between the Access unit and Subscriber units Note: BreezeMax CPE can also associate in Non-LOS conditions Estimate the distance between the AU and SUs Map the radio interference located at the site Validate the basic environmental conditions for the proper functioning of the BreezeMax system Poles position Power lines Grounding IF cable length Air conditioning etc.

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Installation
Installation Process
Site Survey - Distance and LOS
SU Nu. 1. 2. 3. 4.
C om pass

SU Name

Distance From BS )Km(

Azimuth to BS )°(

5. 6. 7.

GPS

Binocular

of ine t? L h Sig

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Installation Process
Site Survey - Radio Survey
Provide RF spectrum information of the installation site at the selected frequency range

Antenna

Band Pass Filter

Amplifier

Spectrum Analyzer

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Installation Process
Site Preparation
Verify the following: Safe and free of obstacle access to the Mast Mast and ODU are properly grounded Install antenna mast according to the site plan and site survey Position the antenna on the mast in such a way that no one can cross the air link Rack Preparation Placement of the rack based on the proposed Shelf location Preparation of the required screws Verify existence of grounding bar -48 VDC power supply Cable ducting for the following: IF cable Power cable Ethernet cables Ventilation Verify proper grounding of all indoor devices
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Installation Process
Site Preparation
Power Distribution Lines for the Shelf A separate circuit breaker for each PIU Polarity check for each cable

AU IDU-ODU IF Cable The IF cable attenuation should not be higher than 19 dB @ 240 MHz , 15 dB @ 140 MHz and 8 dB @ 64 MHz Maximum IF cable DC Resistance 4 ohm Double shielded cable IF connector is TNC jack, lightning protected In case of an external antenna installation, an additional RF cable with N-type connectors will be connected from the AU RF connector marked with to the antenna 12
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Installation
Installation Process
Site Preparation
SU IDU-ODU CAT5e Cable Indoor to outdoor Category 5 Ethernet cable with two shielded RJ-45 connectors is used in order to connect the CPE unit to the outdoor The length of the Ethernet cable connecting the CPE to the user's equipment, together with the length of the Indoor-to-Outdoor cable, should not exceed 100 meters In case of an external antenna installation, an additional RF cable with N-type connectors will be connected from the SU RF connector marked to the antenna The Indoor-to-Outdoor cable provides pin-to-pin connection on both ends All eight pins are in use The drawing shows the wire pair connections required for the Indoor-to-Outdoor cable

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Installation Process
Site Preparation
SU IDU-ODU CAT5e Cable The color codes used in cables supplied by Alvarion with crimped connectors are as follows:

Wire Color Blue Blue/White Orange Orange/White Brown Brown/White Green Green/White

Pin Number 1 2 3 6 4 5 7 8

Usage TX TX RTN RX RX RTN - 55 VDC RTN - 55 VDC RTN - 55 VDC - 55 VDC

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Installation Process
ODU Installation
The Outdoor Unit can be mounted on a pole using one of the following options: Special brackets and open-ended bolts are supplied with each unit. There are Two pairs of threaded holes on the back of the unit, enabling the special brackets to be mounted on diverse pole widths The grooves on the topsides of the unit and a protrusion on the bottom (back side) enable the use of metal bands to secure the unit to a pole Note: The bands should be 9/16" wide and at least 12" long Installing an outdoor unit on a pole, using the brackets and open-ended bolts Insert the open ended bolts with the grooves pointing outward, as these grooves enable you to use a screwdriver to fasten the bolts to the unit A distance of at least 0.5m is required between two neighboring ODU

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Installation
Installation Process
ODU Installation
Installing an outdoor unit on a pole, using the metal bands Insert the bands into their designated place at the ODU (at the top and at the bottom) Attach the bands to the pole by fastening the bands' screw Use isolation material (such as tar bands) to cover all outdoor connectors to prevent water penetration into the cables Using 3M's cold shrink tube 8426-9 as a solution for sealing is recommend This solution requires no training or special tools If you are using the 8426-9 cold shrink, leave a 10 cm space to keep the cable flexible

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Installation Process
BS Antenna Alignment
Identify a reference point on the landscape that is in the direction of the heading of the Base antenna Depending on whether you are looking from the left or the right side of the antenna, add or subtract 90° to/from the Base Station azimuth Using the compass, align the outer frame of the antenna to the newly calculated azimuth, so that the flat surface of the antenna faces the reference point. This reference point is 90° to the Base antenna heading

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Installation Process
BS Antenna Alignment - Using a Compass
• When aligning the antenna on top of a tower, don't align using a compass when you are on top of the tower, due to the fact that the tower interfere with the magnetic field of the compass • True North definition navigational term referring to the direction of the North Pole relative to the navigator's position • Magnetic North definition the point where the geomagnetic field points vertically downwards, i.e. the dip is 90°, was proposed in 1600 by Sir William Gilbert, a courtier of Queen Elizabeth I Magnetic North • Due to the fact there is a difference between these two points, Variations is defined as the angular difference between these two directions 360º - 45º = 315º • The compass is always referring to the Magnetic north while a GPS can point either to the True north or to the magnetic north depends on the GPS type and configuration • After aligning the antenna check within 100m from the BS (in the direction of the middle of the antenna 45º beam width) that the direction of the Magnetic North BS from your point is 360º - (BS antenna direction)º SU Antenna

Antenna Direction
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Installation Process
Subscriber Antenna Alignment
Point the antenna towards the general direction of the Base Station Verify that at least one LED (LED 2) of the LINK QUALITY bar display is on, indicated that the unit is synchronized with the AU Rotate the antenna until the maximum Link Quality reading is achieved Verify that the power indication of the unit is On
LED Numbers 1 Up to 2 Up to 3 Up to 4 Up to 5 Up to 6 Up to 7 Up to 8 Up to 9 Up to 10 Description Wireless link is up SU is connected with and receives services from AU )Network Entry completed( 5 dB ≤ SNR < 10 dB 10 dB ≤ SNR < 15 dB 15 dB ≤ SNR < 20 dB 20 dB ≤ SNR < 24 dB SNR ≥ 24 and RSSI < -75 SNR ≥ 24 and RSSI ≥ -75 SNR ≥ 24 and RSSI ≥ -70 SNR ≥ 24 and RSSI ≥ -60 RSSI ≥ -20 )saturation(
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Installation Process
Micro Base Station IDU Installation
• Place the unit on a shelf/desk or install it in a 19" cabinet Note: For installation in a ETSI rack a suitable adaptors should be installed on the unit

Mounting Holes

Mounting Holes

• Connect one end of a grounding cable to the grounding screw located on the rear panel of the unit and firmly tighten the grounding screw • Connect the opposite end of the grounding cable to a ground (earth) connection or to the cabinet, if applicable • Connect the DATA port to the backbone data equipment (use a straight Ethernet cable to connect to a hub/switch/router) Note: The maximum length of the Ethernet cable is 100 m • If the MGMT port will be used for remote management, connect the it to the appropriate data equipment (use a straight Ethernet cable to connect to a hub/switch/router) Note: The maximum length of the Ethernet cable is 100 m • For an AC model Connect the power cord to the unit's AC socket, located on the rear panel Connect the other end of the power cord to the AC mains The unit can operate with AC mains of 100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz 20
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Installation
Installation Process
Micro Base Station IDU Installation
For a DC model Connect the power cord to the unit's DC socket, located on the rear panel Connect the other end of the power cord to the -48 VDC power source Connect the IF cable to the ODU connector To avoid transmissions at undesired frequencies, verify that the frequency and bandwidth parameters are properly configured before connecting the IF cables

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Installation
Installation Process
Base Station IDU Installation
• Attach the cable guide to the top panel of the chassis using the screws and washers supplied with the cable guide • Install the chassis in a 19" cabinet Note: For installation in a ETSI rack a suitable adaptors should be installed on the chassis • To provide sufficient space for the cable guide and to allow air flow to prevent over-heating, leave a space of at least 1U between the upper covers of the chassis and other units in the cabinet • Connect one end of the grounding cable to the ground terminal located on the rear panel of the chassis and firmly tighten the grounding screw • Connect the opposite end of the grounding cable to a ground connection or to the cabinet, if applicable • Carefully insert the modules into the relevant slots • Secure the modules in their intended locations • Place blank covers over all of the unused slots • Connect the DATA port of the NPU to the backbone data equipment (use a straight Ethernet cable to connect to a hub/switch/router) Note: The maximum length of the Ethernet cable is 100m when operating at 100 Mbps and 70 m when operating at 1 Gbps • If the MGMT port will be used for remote management, connect it to the appropriate data equipment (use a straight Ethernet cable to connect to a hub/switch/router) Note: The maximum length of the Ethernet cable is 100 m 22
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Installation
Installation Process
Base Station IDU Installation
Connect the DC power cable to the power jack of the PIU module If a redundant PIU is installed, connect a DC power cable also to the second PIU module Connect the power cord(s) to the -48 VDC power source(s), as follows: Connect the black wire to the 48 VDC contact of the power source Connect the red wire to the + (Return) contact Connect the ground wire to the ground Connect the IF cable(s) To avoid transmissions at undesired frequencies, verify that the frequency and bandwidth parameters are properly configured before connecting the IF cables

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Installation Process
Base Station IDU Installation
Each shelf contains the following equipment BMAX-BST-SH-SP Base Station Chassis BMAX-BST-AVU Air Ventilation Unit (installed) BMAX-BST-PIU (1 or 2 per Base Station chassis) Power Interface Unit(s) BMAX-BST-PSU (up to 4 per Base Station chassis) Power Supply Unit(s) BMAX-BST-NPU Network Processing Unit BMAX-BST-AU-IDU (up to 6 per Base Station chassis) Access Unit Indoor Unit(s) Additional equipment and accessories Ethernet cable (straight) for connecting the NPU to a Hub/Switch DC power cable(s) – Shielded with 2 10AWG conductors A ground cable with appropriate terminations for connecting the chassis to the rack ETSI rack adaptors (if required) Portable PC for configuring parameters using the Monitor cable

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Installation Process
Base Station IDU Installation
Cable Tray

A U

A U

A U

A U

N P U

A U

A U

Mounting Holes

A U

Mounting Holes

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The cable tray should be installed on the top of the chassis front to enable convenient routing of cables connecting to power source(s), outdoor unit(s) and other equipment 25
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Installation Process
Base Station IDU Installation
Hold the ejector levers and insert the card to its designated place in the shelf

• Slide the card fully into its place • Push ejector levers in the inner direction (towards the card) • A "click" sound indicates that the ejector levers are locked and the card is fully inserted

Fasten the two (or one) captive screws of the card

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Installation Process
Base Station Card Removal
Loosen the two (or one) captive screws of the requested card

Unlock the ejector levers by pressing the red button

Pull the ejector levers outwardly (from the card out)

Pull the card out by its ejector levers and remove it from the shelf 27
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Installation
Installation Process
Subscriber Unit IDU Installation
The unit can be placed on a desktop, rack or wall-mounted The drilling template included with the unit can be used to simplify the wall installation process Assemble an RJ-45 connector with a protective cover on the indoor end of the IDU-ODU cable Connect the IDU-ODU cable to the RADIO connector Connect the power cord to the unit’s AC socket, located on the rear panel. Connect the other end of the power cord to the AC mains Verify that the POWER LED located on the front panel is lit, indicating that the unit is supplying power to the radio port Configure the basic parameters and align the antenna for maximum RSSI and SNR level Connect the 10/100 Base-T ETHERNET connector to the data equipment The cable connection should be a crossed Ethernet if connecting to a Hub/Switch and a straight cable if connecting directly to a PC Network Interface Card

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Installation
Installation Verification
Power Up Test
After the installation process perform the following checks: Grounding cables and connections Power supply Cable integrity and routing (ducting) IF cable integrity and tightening Antennas alignment Shelf configuration (No of PSUs) The power-up tests procedure assumes that the Installation procedure has been completed These tests demonstrate that the Base Station has been correctly assembled and installed on site, all its components are functioning properly and it is now ready for commissioning After the power-up procedure has completed successfully, the Base Station is ready for basic network definition After power up, the Base Station automatically starts a self-testing procedure to verify that everything is working properly During the self-test, the LEDs indicate the working status of the various components

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Installation
Installation Verification
Power Up Test
Upon completion of the internal test and booting up (up to 5 minutes), verify that the following LEDs are lit as follows: PIU PWR = green If one PIU is installed, MASTER = green If two PIU modules are installed, the MASTER LED of one PIU should be green, and the other one should be off PSU PWR = green, ALRM = off AVU PWR = green, ALRM = off NPU PWR = green, ALRM = off, BST ALRM = off, Master = green AU–IDU PWR = green, ALARM = off. ODU1 PWR = green, ODU1 ALRM = off. If the AVU’s LED is Red, disconnect the power immediately to avoid damage to the Base Station

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Installation

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