Motivation | Motivation | Self-Improvement


. Extrinsic Motivation that comes from outside the person such as pay. bonus.MOTIVATION: Intrinsic A persons internal desire to do something. and other tangible rewards. due to such things as interest. challenge and personal satisfaction.





. The classification of two factors.  Intrinsic job factors.  Absence of individual differences.

hope.TWO NEW IDEAS IN MOTIVATION Eustress. and Hope  Eustress is healthy. Its focuses on the individual’s interpretation of events for productive work and organizational contributions.  It encourages optimism. Strength.  . normal stress. and health for people at work.

emotional.  Manager should help individual learn to manage their energy so that they can build positive energy & capacity for work.POSITIVE ENERGY AND FULL ENGAGEMENT  Individual are already activated by their own physical. mental & spiritual energy. .

 .SOCIAL EXCHANGE THEORY A social psychological and social perspective.  Explains social change and stability as a process of negotiable exchanges.  Theory has roots in economics. psychology and sociology.

 .  Assumes that people have a strong need to balance their inputs of labour and rewards.EQUITY THEORY Is a social exchange process theory of motivation that focuses on individualenvironment interaction.

recognizes that motivation can be affected through an individual's perception of fair treatment in social exchanges. Equity theory of motivation. When compared to other people. . Example – in a workplace …. individuals want to be compensated fairly for their contributions.EQUITY THEORY OF MOTIVATION IN A WORKPLACE       Initiated by Psychologist john stacey adams 1963. Why do we need motivated employees? The answer is survival Motivated employees are needed in our rapidly changing workplaces.

good wages. feeling of being in on things. tactful discipline. full appreciation of work done. promotions and growth in the organization. job security. .MOTIVATING FACTORS FOR EMPLOYEES           interesting work. good working conditions. and sympathetic help with personal problems. personal loyalty to employees.

 Equity sensitives  Benevolents  Entitleds .NEW PERSPECTIVES ON EQUITY THEORY One important theoretical revision proposes three types of based on preferences for equity.

Workplace injustice can also generate dysfunctional behavior. Organizational position may be more important than pay. Equity theory can help companies implement two-tiered wage structures.   .

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