Architectural Design Considerations for barrier free Environment Lift and Elevators

Presented By: Rohan Murmu B.Arch/1044/2001 Dept. Of Architecture A.D Institute of technology

Problem Identification • Inadequate space inside the elevator cab. buttons and control panel. • Insufficient opening time interval. • High position of switches.ELEVATORS 1. . • Narrow entry doors.

•Wide elevator cabs are preferable to long ones. Design Considerations 3. . that disabled people can use conveniently.ELEVATORS 2.1 General •The accessible elevator should serve all floors normally reached by the public. Planning Principle • To provide well-dimensioned elevators. •Key-operated elevators should be used only in private facilities or when an elevator operator is present. 3.

2 Elevator Cab •The minimum internal elevator dimensions. 1 .ELEVATORS 3. 1). •The door opening should not be less than 0.30 m (fig. fig. allowing for one wheelchair passenger alone.00 m x 1.80 m. are 1.

85 m from the floor (fig. 2 .ELEVATORS 3. fig.80 to 0. 2).2 Elevator Cab •The inside of the elevator should have a handrail on three sides mounted 0. •The maximum tolerance for stop precision should be 20 mm.

ELEVATORS 3. 3 .20 m from the floor (fig. 2). fig. the control panel should be mounted 0. •For ease of reach.90 m to 1.3 Control Panel •The control panel can be mounted at one of the alternative locations shown in figure 3.

.3 Control Panel •Control buttons should be in an accessible location and illuminated. Their diameter should be no smaller than 20 mm. •The numerals on the floor selector buttons should be embossed so as to be easily identifiable by touch.ELEVATORS 3.

4 . 4). 3. 3.20 m from the floor (fig.6 Hall signal •The elevator hall signal should be placed at an approximate height of 1.ELEVATORS 3. fig. call buttons should be mounted 0.80 m (fig. 4).4 Call Buttons •For ease of reach.50 m to help a lone sightless passenger to identify the floor reached (fig. 4).5 Floor identifiers •Tactile numerals should be placed on both sides of the door jambs at an approximate height of 1.90 m to 1.

Re-opening activators should be provided.10 Colour The colour of the elevator door should contrast with the surrounding surface so as to be easily distinguishable by persons with visual impairments. 3.7 Door re-Opening activators The door opening interval should be no less than five seconds.8 Audiovisual signals The elevator should signal arrival at each floor by means of a bell and a light to alert sightless and hearing-impaired passengers simultaneously.ELEVATORS 3. 3. .9 Floor surface The floor of the elevator and the area in front of the elevetor on each floor should have a non skid resilient surface or a low-pile fixed carpet. 3.

95 m x 1. is 0.40 m should be replaced. allowing for a single wheelchair passenger. Smaller cabs should be replaced. Existing Constructions •The minimum acceptable size of an existing elevator cab. this being the maximum reach of a wheelchair user. •Controls mounted higher than 1. . •Call buttons and control panels mounted higher than the recommended height may be left in place if they are within 1.ELEVATORS 4. •Where there are two identical control panels. only one need be replaced.75 m. •The minimum acceptable width of an existing elevator door opening is 0.40 m of the floor.25 m.

. • Insufficient space for ramps. 1.PLATFORM LIFTS Notes: Platform lifts are also known as stairway lifts or wheelchair lifts.Problem Identification • Changes in level between indoor and outdoor areas. • Changes in level inside a building.

3. . •Platform lifts can have either a vertical or an inclined movement.Design Considerations 3.PLATFORM LIFTS 2.Planning Principle • To allow people with mobility problems to have free vertical access between different levels.1 General •Platform lifts are special passenger-elevating devices for the disabled.

1).PLATFORM LIFTS 3.Design Considerations 3. 1 . fig.2 Vertical movement platform lifts For maximum level changes of 2.50 m. vertical movement platform lifts may be installed adjacent to the stairs (fig.

2 .PLATFORM LIFTS 3.20 m.Design Considerations 3.2 Vertical movement platform lifts For level changes of more than 1. the lift should be placed in a closed structure with doors at the different accessible levels (fig. 2). fig.

2 Vertical movement platform lifts Vertical platform lifts can have a variety of opening for entry and exit (fig.PLATFORM LIFTS 3.Design Considerations 3. 3 . fig. 3).

3 Inclined movement platform lifts •Inclined movement platform lifts consist of three elements: a railing. an electric generator and a moving platform or seat. fig. 5). fig. 4 •The operating system of the lift can be either lateral (fig.PLATFORM LIFTS 3. 4) or suspended (fig.Design Considerations 3. 5 .

those with a rotation angle of 180 (fig. 5). fig. 6 . •The minimum width of the stairs should be 0.Design Considerations 3. 6).3 Inclined movement platform lifts •Inclined movement platform lifts can be installed along the stair wall. The seat or platform can be folded when not in use. as long as they do not obstruct the required width of the exit.PLATFORM LIFTS 3. 7) and spiral staircases (fig.90 m to allow the installation of a lift (fig. •Platform lifts can be installed on all types of stairs including switch-back stairs i.e. 7 fig.

PLATFORM LIFTS 3. 3).20 m (fig. •Inclined movement platform lifts are usually used to connect one or more floors or to overcome split levels in existing buildings. .90 m and the minimum length should be 1.Design Considerations 3. such devices should not be utilized. 4.Existing Considerations •Platform lifts can provide access to existing buildings where it would be difficult or unfeasible to install a ramp or an elevator. In buildings that are or would be frequently used by persons with mobility problems.4 Lift size The minimum width of the lift platform should be 0.

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