-metrology and instrumentation topic-sine bars


The image shows a 10 inch and a 100 mm sine bar. The dimension between the two rollers is chosen to be a whole number (for ease of later calculations) and forms the hypotenuse of a triangle when in use. The distance between the centres of the cylinders is precisely controlled. precision ground body with two precision ground cylinders fixed at the ends. . and the top of the bar is parallel to a line through the centres of the two rollers.• A sine bar consists of a hardened.

The tables can be twisted to get the required alignment. Sine table • Sine table (or sine plate) is used to measure angles of large work pieces.TYPESSine centre • A special type of sine bar is sine centre which is used for conical objects having male and female parts. Compound sine table • It is used to measure compound angles of large work pieces. In this case. . It cannot measure the angle more than 45 degrees. two sine tables are mounted one over the other at right angles.

PRINCIPLE• Angles are measured using a sine bar with the help of gauge blocks and a dial gauge or a spirit level. For example. The sine of the angle of inclination of the wedge is the ratio of the height of the gauge blocks used and the distance between the centers of the cylinders. the wedge is placed on a horizontal table. Using gauge blocks. to measure the angle of a wedge. The sine bar is placed over the inclined surface of the wedge. The aim of a measurement is to make the surface on which the dial gauge or spirit level is placed horizontal. At this position. . the top surface is made horizontal. the top surface of the sine bar is inclined the same amount as the wedge.

then the top edge of the bar will be tilted by the same amount forming an angle that may be calculated by the application of the sine rule.• When a sine bar is placed on a level surface the top edge will be parallel to that surface. . usually using gauge blocks. If one roller is raised by a known distance.

• The height is obtained from the dimension between the bottom of one roller and the table's surface. .• The hypotenuse is a constant dimension — (100 mm or 10 inches in the examples shown). • The angle is calculated by using the sine rule. incremented by 1 minute intervals. Some engineering and metalworking reference books contain tables showing the dimension required to obtain an angle from 0-90 degrees.