1962 constitution

Background Constitution Making & Composition  Salient Features Islamic provisions   Duration .Contents  i.

The administration was critical of Parliamentary system because it caused instability in the past.   .Background  Military took over on & October 1958 and consequently Ayub Khan became Chief Martial Law Administrator. They sought stability of the nation in the gradual development of democracy.

to examine the causes of failure of Parliamentary system & recommend a new system keeping in view the     2. Genius of people Standard of education Internal conditions of the country Need of development . former Chief Justice.i: Constitution Making & Composition 1. A Constitutional Commission was established in February 1960 under the chairmanship of Justice Shahabuddin. Elections were held but through an Electoral College. The government introduce Basic Democracies in October 1959. Forty Thousand basic democrats (local councilors) were to be elected in each province. 3. The tasks assigned to the Commission were.

According to these recommendations a new constitution was promulgated by President Ayub Khan on 1 March 1962 and finally came into effect on 8 June 1962. Martial Law was finished. The Constitution contained 250 articles divided into twelve parts and three schedules. 5. 6.4. . This commission sent its recommendations.

It consisted of a central government and two provincial government comprising East and West Pakistan. Written Constitution The Constitution of 1962 was a written document. Rigid Constitution This is a rigid constitution can only be amended through a particular process. It consisted of five schedules and 250 articles. 3.Salient Features 1. If an amendment to the constitution is passed by at least two-third majority of the parliament then it becomes a part of law after authentication by the President. 2. . Federal System A federal system was introduced in the country.

.    Provincial Legislature Each province was provided with a legislature. Presidential forum of Government President was the head Executive of the nation. later on this number was increased to 218.4. Unicameral Legislature Indirect Method of Election   5. It originally consisted of 150 members. However. He was empowered to nominate the ministers of his cabinet.000 Basic Democrats. The President was elected by an Electoral College comprising 80. 7. 6. equally distributed between the two provinces.

President was not empowered to dissolve the Assembly except the cost of his office also.   . Restrictions to the President The President was not allowed to hold any office of profit in the service of Pakistan but was not prevented from holding a managing private property. He was eligible to promulgate Ordinances and veto against legislated laws only override-able by two/thirds of the National Assembly.    9. Islamic Law No Law would be passed against the teaching of Quran and Sunnah. All the existing laws would be made Islamic in character. Powers of President President should be a Muslim with the term of 5 years.8.  10.

13. livery and property. Role of Judiciary The Judiciary was responsible for the interpretation of laws. Rights of life.11.  Language Urdu and Bengali were recognized as National Languages.     12. . Freedom to choose profession Freedom to profess religion. Fundamental Rights Rights of speech and expression.

and mosques was ensured.Islamic provisions  Pakistan was named as Islamic republic of Pakistan. Proper organisation of Zakat. etc. gambling. Only a Muslim could be qualified for the election as President. such as the use of alcohol.     . waqf. Teaching of the Quran and Islamiyat to the Muslims of Pakistan was made compulsory. Practical steps were to be taken to eradicate what were seen as social evils by Islam.

Duration(1962-69)  In 1968-69 the political parties of the country started agitation against Ayub Khan and Presidential system. Agitations seen everywhere in the country within few months. He abrogated the constitution of 1962 and enforced Martial Law in the country. 1969 President Ayub Khan resigned and transferred his powers to Commander in Chief Yahya Khan.    . As a result on 25th March.

In result.    .  Replacing the Parliamentary system to the Presidential one. Ayub Khan was replaced by Yahya Khan and he introduced Legal Framework Order 1969. General Ayub Khan failed to impose controls on the civil bureaucracy 1962 constitution arrested a genuine growth of politics.Summary  Basic Democracies System managed by the civil bureaucracy.

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