Presented by

Name: Sumit Sen Stream: ECE , Sem: 8th Roll no. : 08182003026

CONTENTS
• • • • • • • • • • • • • Introduction History About 4G wireless system 3G vs 4G 4G network architecture Business model of 4G Network Wireless technologies used in 4G 4G Software Advantages Disadvantages Application of 4G Future Conclusion

4G wireless: One View

•4G is the short name for fourth-generation wireless, the stage of mobile communications that will enable things like IP-based voice, data, gaming services and high quality streamed multimedia on portable devices with cable modem-like transmission speeds.

HISTORY

ABOUT 4G WIRELESS SYSTEM
 4G is the fourth generation wireless network

communications technology Standard. and replace the 3G systems.

 This new generation of wireless is intended to complement  The 4G infrastructures will consist of a set of various

networks using IP (Internet protocol) as a common protocol.
main features of 4G services.

 Application adaptability and being highly dynamic are the  The 4G systems will interoperate with 2G and 3G systems,

as well as with digital (broadband) broadcasting systems.
Internet.

 In addition, 4G systems will be fully IP-based wireless

COMPARING KEY PARAMETERS OF 4G WITH 3G
3G 4G

Major Requirement Driving Architecture
Network architecture

Predominantly voice drivendata was always add on
Wide area cell based

Converged data and voice over IP
Hybrid –integration of wireless LAN and wide area

Speed
Frequency Band

384 Kbps to 2 Mbps
1800-2400 MHz

20 to 100 Mbps in mobile mode
Higher frequency bands (2-8 GHz) All digital with packetized voice OFDM and MC-CDMA (Multi Carrier CDMA) Smarter Antennas, software multilane and wideband radios All IP (IP6.0)

Switching Design Basis Access Technologies Component Design

Circuit and Packet W-CDMA, Optimized antenna design, multi-band adapters A number of air link protocols, including IP 5.0

IP

4G NETWORK ARCHITECTURE
• The number of access networks in public, private business and home areas is increasing. • Service providers will need access to specific network characteristics to be able to enhance their services, and may have certain requirements such as minimum delay guarantees. • Another aspect is that the user needs to control the usage of the available networks, especially when this usage comes with a price.

Business model of 4G Network
The current model assumes there are relationships between the end user, the service provider, and the network operator.

In the 4G , the number of access networks and the number of network operators will increase rapidly.
Both the end user and the service provider do not want to be bothered with the peculiarities of these networks.

This asks for a service centric approach where the end user, the service provider and network operator are loosely coupled through a Service Support role. Two main responsibilities of Service Support are Service aggregation and Network integration .

WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES USED IN 4G
      AdHoc Netorks OFDM(Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) Smart Antennas Millimeter Wireless Scheduling among users Adaptive modulation and power control

4G SOFTWARE
 Software define radio:
A software defined radio is one that can be configured to any radio or frequency standard through the use of software.

 Packet layer:
The packet layer is a layer of abstraction that separates the data being transmitted from the way that it is being transmitted.

 Packets:
packets are a proven method to transfer information.

ADVANTAGES OF 4G

Support for interactive multimedia, voice, streaming video, Internet, and other broadband services.


IP based mobile system.
High speed, high capacity, and low cost-per-bit

 Global access, service portability, and scalable mobile services Seamless switching, and a variety of Quality of Service-driven services

Better scheduling and call-admission-control techniques

 Ad-hoc and multi-hop networks  

Better spectral efficiency Seamless network of multiple protocols and air interfaces.

DISADVANTAGES
 Expensive.  Battery uses are more.  Hard to implement  Need complicated hardware.

APPLICATIONS OF 4G
 4G Car

 4G and public safety
 Sensors in public vehicle  Cameras in traffic light  First responder route selection  Traffic control during disasters

FUTURE
 There are some good reasons for 4G development and a   

variety of current and evolving technologies to make 4G a reality. Both service providers and users want to reduce the cost of wireless systems and the cost of wireless services. Lesser the expensive of the system, the more people who will want to own it. 4G's flexibility will allow the integration of several different LAN and WAN technologies. Finally, the 4G wireless system would truly go into a "one size fits all" category, having a feature set that meets the needs of just about everyone.

CONCLUSION
 All totally the best way to help all users is to use 4G

as the next wireless system and in totally it is safety and secure for public, this the need that demands the solution.  Today’s wired society is going wireless and if it has problem, 4G is answer.

Thank you

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