Chanakya (चाणक्य

One of the greatest philosophers in the history of mankind.

General Information
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Born around 350 BC and died around 283 BC Name at birth was Vishnugupta but was later known as Chānakya and Kautilya Born in Patliputra, Maghadh which is currently Patna, Bihar in India Teacher of political science at Taxila University Later became Prime Minister of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya

Chanak was exiled after publicly speaking out against the king. .Childhood and Education   Vishnugupta was born to Rishi Chanak in Patliputra who was a revolutionary against the evil emperor of Magadh. Taxila was the best University of the time and offered education in many different fields. Vishnugupta left soon after to study at the famous Taxila University.

Taxila was defeated in no time but Porus. Gandhar Republic attacked Taxila because the dim-witted prince of Taxila sent soldiers to the border to abuse and torture the people living there. the king of Gandhar. Vishnugupta became a professor at the Taxila University. demanded that Gandharians not be attacked again and left without taking or destroying anything. .Life in Taxila    After completing his education. Here he got the names Chanakya and Kautilya due to his fame and wits.

When Chanakya heard about this he immediately turned the school into a war training station and rebeled against the Greeks. thousands of refugees came into Taxila saying that there was a white invader by the name of Alexshendra who was planning on attacking India. .Alexander the Great    Before Taxila could recover from being defeated. The general he had left in India was killed by a spy acting as a messenger. The dim-witted prince of Taxila became friends with Alexander when he arrived and gave him soldiers and money to support his planned conquests. Alexander conquered many kingdoms before he left India. While traveling back to Greece. The Greek rule in India collapsed and Bharat (India) was free again. Chanakya created his own army and an impressive system of spies to destroy the Greeks. he died.

The prime minister recommended that Dhananand’s eldest son Chandragupta would be fit to rule. while walking on the road he stepped on some thorns. Chanakya swore to destroy the king and his sons for that insult. He controlled his anger. bent down and destroyed every one of the thorns.   After defeating the Greeks Chanakya returned to his homeland. His father and eight brothers had repeatedly tried to kill him because his mother was of low-caste and he was extremely strong and intelligent. Chandragupta . The prime minister who had recently been insulted by the tyrannical Dhananand (the king) saw this event and thought that such a determined man could help him get his revenge. The king laughed and made fun of him. Patliputra. He then took Chanakya to the king’s court. One day.

. Chanakya persuaded a greedy King called Parvatak to help because Chanakya assured him half of Magadh. Chandragupta’s army attacked and defeated the army of Magadh with Chanakya’s guidance.Defeat of Magadh    Chanakya went around telling peasants and common folk that Magadh needed to be in stronger hands and not under the rule of the tyrannous Dhanananda. While he was doing this. Chandragupta gathered a huge militia in this way.

Rakshas planted soldiers in the cellars to kill Chandragupta at night. Chandragupta became sick so Rakshas bribed the physician to put poison in the medicine. Chanakya made the physician drink the medicine himself and in this way Chandragupta was saved. Rakshas . He met with Parvatak (The king Chanakya promised half his land) and convinced the king to help him by promising him the entire kingdom of Magadh. Chandragupta was being moved to the former palace of Dhananand. He ordered the guards to burn the palace immediately and not to let anyone escape. Chanakya saw ants coming from a crack in the floor carrying grains of rice during his inspection and immediately realized that there were soldiers in the basement. A few weeks later.    Dhananad’s chief minister Rakshas was still trying to avenge his master’s death.

Chanakya then met Rakshas and made him the prime minister of Magadh because he admired Rakshas’s loyalty and determination. The same night. When he read this he killed the five other kings and only let Rakshas go because he was a Brahmin. the spy let himself be caught near Mlayaketu’s tent. As payment for this favor. He sent a poisonous dancer to Chandragupta to kill him. Rakshas .   Rakshas was very angry after many of his warriors were burned but he didn’t give up. Rakshas let the spy stay with him. He was carrying a fake letter from Rakshas telling Chandragupta that he and the five kings were going to betray him. To break this alliance. Chanakya immediately recognized the “dancer” and sent her to King Parvatak yo kill him Rakshas then allied with Parvatak’s son Malyaketu and 5 other kings to attack Magadh. Chanakya’s spies saved Rakshas’s friend and took him to Rakshas.

.Gifts How Chanakya’s gifts helped him achieve his goals.

(defeating Rakshas) Chanakya was very good at spy work and managing spy-systems and conducting unexpected attacks on his enemies (defeat of the Greeks) Chanakya was a great political philosopher who wrote the Arthashastra and Nitishastra. . He was also very good at persuasion.Special Gifts and Abilities    Chanakya was amazing at guessing his enemy’s every move and never once did he fail to predict his enemy’s doings. He has been called the Indian Machiavelli for his works.

Chanakya used his principles and defeated the Greeks and Maghada while Machiavelli didn’t defeat any government or empire.Chanakya vs. Machiavelli     Both were political philosophers Machiavelli’s works are based on how to maintain control while Chanakya’s works talk about basic principles and what is an ideal ruler. Both men’s works related to their respective time periods but they still have some basic things in common. .

Accomplishments The many great things Chanakya accomplished in his lifetime. .

Uniting India   Chanakya was the person who thought of the plans to defeat Alexander out of India. Chandragupta created a huge empire unititig most of India by using Magadh’s enormous military force and wealth. . This later became the great Ashokan Empire and for the first time in it’s history. he united different kingdoms to fight against the Greeks which was a very rare occurrence. from the tyrannical rule of the Nand Dynasty and handed it over to his main apprentice. He also thought of the plans to take over his homeland. Under Chanakya’s guidance. India was a united nation. Chandragupta Maurya. To accomplish this. Magadh.

. The Nitishastra is a book about political ethics taken from various Shastras and compiled by Chanakya and is also useful when running a government.Major Works by Chanakya   The Arthashastra is a treatise on statecraft. economic policy and military strategy written by Chanakya. It is divided into 15 books and is basically a king’s “manual” on how to run a kingdom.

not by birth. Friendship should be among equals .Excerpt from Arthashastra      A debt should be paid off till the last penny. kama (pleasure) and moksha (salvation). A human being should strive for four things in life — dharma (duty). A person should not be too honest. Just as straight trees are chopped-down first. artha (money). A man is great by deeds. A person who hasn't striven for even one of these things has wasted life. . honest people are taken advantage of first. and an enemy should be destroyed without a trace.

In his time he became very famous and liked after defeating the Greeks but after defeating Magadh.Impact    In India. This of course is not true but is the cause of misinformation from the British. His books are also very esteemed and have helped many people operate businesses and even governments. . many commoners and nobles loyal to the Nand Dynasty wanted revenge. scholars view him as a malicious but genius Brahmin who ruthlessly slaughtered and overthrew kings to put himself in power. however. Chanakya is held as a intelligent scholar who rid India of the Greeks and killed the bad and tyrannous kings of the time and gave way to the Ashokan Empire. In the west.

Because a snake will bite only in self-defense but an evil person can put a bit for any reason and any time or always.” . opt for the snake.Quotes from Chaanakya Neeti “If you were to choose between evil person and a snake to keep company with.

They don’t give much weight to the importance of riches yet when riches comes to them the weight of the money bends them down into more humility.” .Quotes from Chaanakya Neeti “Strange is the character of noble souls.

a fool by agreeing with him and a scholar by speaking the truth. a greedy by offer of money. a proud person by cowering before him.” .Quotes from Chaanakya Neeti “You can win over.

It is not fit for living. ” .Quotes from Chaanakya Neeti “Do not live in a country that does not allow you. friends. kith and kin. self-respect. ways of education and self-development. means of living. well wishers. honor. a family. Quit such country.

self-improvement and charity. But don’t ever be content with your knowledge. food and income.Quotes from Chaanakya Neeti “Be content with what you have already got as wife. ” .

Quotes from Chaanakya Neeti “Treat your kid like a darling for the first five years. Your grown up children are your best friends” . By the time they turn sixteen. scold them. treat them like a friend. For the next five years. Chandra Prakash Dwivedi’s “Chanakya” .researchfellow.Sources      Microsoft Encarta 2004 Amar Chitra Katha: Chanakya ml http://www.

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