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By Christian Cail
• When African slaves were brought to America they brought their rhythm. Some masters allowed slaves to meet up and play for them for money, for extra food, etc. This tradition was continued after slavery in new Orleans. Black African music developed as slavery was abolished and as time went by. European classical music is another style of music that has left a huge imprint on jazz, especially as far as harmony is concerned.
Brass and string bands became popular especially for lower classes. . Its was music for the lower classes. • New Orleans also had a huge impact on jazz.Ragtime and New Orleans • Ragtime was a music that developed in the late 1800’s and was played at minstrel shows and vaudeville shows.
Jazz and Blues have continued to influence each other.Blues • Blues music grew before jazz. Ornette Coleman. but developed alongside jazz and changed just as much as jazz did and still does. Albert Ayler. and Horace Silver are just a few jazzers who used the blues to express themselves. .
This song came off the album Oh Yeah in 1962. .• Charles Mingus Hog Callin' Blues • Here’s an example of a jazz song that employ’s the blues feel alongside scat singing.
• Here’s Louis Armstrong alongside blues singer Bessie Smith • Louis and Bessie .
and wrote many compositions. He started off playing his music in the brothels of Storyville. • He died on July 10th. In the early 1900’s he toured around America and even played in North Carolina. 1941 from complications from asthma. .Jelly Roll Morton • Pianist Jelly Roll Morton was a defining figure in jazz music. He played in many of the large cities across the U.S.
• Jelly Roll Morton • This song was to later be covered by rock band Hot Tuna. .
and Lester Young began to look further than just swing. Dizzy Gillespie. Many jazz musicians backed blues singers like Bessie Smith and Ma Rainey. Louis Armstrong. Charlie Christian. Fletcher Henderson. Swing music also appeared in the 30’s.20’s ad 30’s The jazz age had begun. Duke Ellington. Swing consisted of big bands like that of Duke Ellington or Count Basie. and many more left a huge impact on the shape of jazz music and defined it for many. Some musicians like Charlie Parker. .
Duke Ellington • Pianist Duke Ellington is one of the greatest composers of all time. He worked at the Cotton Club in the late 20’s. • Caravan-Duke Ellington . He influenced all of jazz that came after him from Charles Mingus to John Coltrane. From 1932 to 1942 his was thriving. He was also very connected with classical music which bled over into his jazz compositions.
. Many musicians like pianist Thelonious Monk. This music would end up being called Be-Bop. guitarist Charlie Christian. saxophonist Lester Young. and trumpeter Clifford Brown also played the music and were expanding the boundaries of jazz. • The leaders were altoist Charlie Parker and trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie. Bebop • In the 1940’s some musicians were looking for more harmonically and rhythmically advanced music.The Next Step.
Thelonious Monk • Monk was under all circumstances an oddball. Monk was a genius though and his unclassical throbbing piano style was unmatched and unable to copy. . He was one of the founders of Be-Bop. sang off key along with his piano improvisations. and danced in trace-like circles leaving his bassist at the time to have all the harmonic burdens. He took heroin. He was a mastermind and his music although much of it was written in the 40’s wasn’t excepted until the 60’s.
This is a live recording. Woah!! Remember when live music was actually good!?!?! The great Charlie Rouse on Tenor Sax.• Bemsha Swing • Bemsha Swing is a great example of Monks odd compositions. • Dancing Monk • Anthropology Charlie Parker .
They all had direct connections with Be-Bop. Miles Davis. which developed in the 50’s. and Horace Silver are just a few jazzers known to play this style of jazz. while taking a lot of inspiration form blues.Hard Bop • Hard Bop music grew from a classic rebound to the softer and whiter Cool Jazz on the West Coast. Hard Bop. was a bit harder hitting and although played by Be-Boppers it had many elements of what was to become funk. Art had played with Charlie Parker as well. soul. Art Blakey’s jazz Messengers were group carrying the torch for the music. Lee Morgan. . Sonny Rollins.
• Lee Morgan • This next track was written by none other than Dizzy Gillespie. . • The night this song was written was the very night they played it live.• Moanin' • This was a composition by Bobby Timmons.
lets not forget Miles Davis played with Charlie Parker as well. . originating in the late 50’s. was inspired by visionary’s like George Russell whose approach was to use less chords and have more time to explore the extensions of the chord itself. Pianist Bill Evans. My point is that jazz music is always developing from jazz musicians with direct ties to the past. John Coltrane also played with Dizzy Gillespie. But. Miles Davis and John Coltrane adapted to this new style.Modal Jazz • Modal jazz. Alto Saxophone player Jackie McLean.
. The album was Kind Of Blue(1959).• So What Miles Davis • So what was a modal tune that only changed key signatures twice. a groundbreaking jazz album. This was influenced by Bill Evans new modal approach to piano.
developing in the early 60’s. One pioneer in particular was Ornette Coleman. and Sonny Rollins are just a few musicians who excepted the music and applied it to what they were doing. Cecil Taylor. Jackie McLean. Albert Ayler.Free Jazz/ Avant-Garde • Free Jazz. He stood his ground for the music he loved to play and did not let up. Miles Davis. This style of music was harsh and very heavy. and even key signatures. it abandoned some time signatures. abandoned chord progressions. . John Coltrane.
• Lonely Woman • This tune came on Shape Of Jazz to Come in 1959. . Jackie Mclean and others praised his work. John Coltrane. while Charles Mingus and Miles Davis though of it as noise.
His name was given to him by fellow Free Jazzer Sun Ra. He continued the sound after Trane's death in 1967. .• Got to have Freedom • Pharoah Sanders joined John Coltrane’s band in 1965.
• Marshall Allen and Sun Ra .• You guys though Lady Gaga and Nicki Minaj were weird.
He was a pioneer. Folk Music. fighter. and a womanizer. .Mingus • I could not possibly find a place for Charles Mingus. He also collaborated with Eric Dolphy who died in 1964. and Free Jazz in his overall career. He played jazz before Charlie Parker and even played along him in the album Bird And Diz: Live At Massey Hall. Swing. Blues. political activist. Dolphy was another innovator in free jazz. His music fits in no sub genre. He had elements of Be-Bop.
.• Haitian Fight Song • This tune appeared on the album Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus in 1963.
Grateful Dead. Miles Davis. Allman Brothers Band. and Soft Machine are just a few jazz fusion bands that arrived in the 60’s and 70’s.Jazz/Rock Fusion • Jazz fusion was a creation in the later 1960’s that combined rock and jazz elements together. Mahavishnu Orchestra. Cream. Tony Williams Lifetime. Santana. . Return To Forever.
• Mahavishnu Orchestra . Rick Laird played with Stan Getz and alongside Sonny Rollins. For instance John Mclaughlin played with Miles Davis. As did Billy Cobham.• The Mahavishnu Orchestra were made up of jazz players.
They backed Jimi Hendrix for a short while before adopted an avant-garde sound. • Soft Machine .• Soft Machine formed as a pop group with major psychedelic tendencies.
Jazz will also be an underground music for underdogs. and Hip-Hop.Above and Beyond • Jazz had fused with rap. • Dave Fiuczynski and John Medeski . Its heavier than metal but as soft as a morning sunrise. Punk. Metal. electronic music. Jazz has stayed current but unfortunately not in the mainstream. So many people and walks of life can experience the music and learn to love it and at least respect it.
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