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SUSTAINABLE

DEVELOPMENT
--Sudhanva Patki
What is sustainable development?
• Meeting the needs of present generation
without sacrificing the ability of future
generations to meet their own demands.
• Coal reserves to last for another 200 yrs.
• Oil and Gas reserves to last for another 45
and 65 yrs respectively.
Immediate-term strategy
• Optimum utilization of existing assets.
• Efficiency in production systems and
reduction in distribution losses.
• Promoting R&D, transfer and use of
technologies.
• Practices for Environmentally sound
energy systems, including new and
renewable energy sources.
Medium-term strategy

• Efficient use of energy by strictly


implementing the laws regarding Energy
Conservation Act 2001.
• Strenghtening the Public Transport
Systems.
• Curb Deforestation.
Long-term Strategy
• Efficient production of coal, oil and natural gas.
• Improving energy infrastructure.
• Building new refineries.
• Creation of urban gas transmission and
distribution network.
• Maximising efficiency of rail transport for coal
production.
• Technology upgradation in coal and gas fired
power stations.
RENEWABLE ENERGY
• SOLAR ENERGY.
• WIND ENERGY.
• TIDAL ENERGY.
• GEOTHERMAL ENERGY.
• NUCLEAR ENERGY.
• BIO-MASS.
• HYDEL ENERGY.
What Government can do?
Imposing Environmental taxes and ensure
its strict implementation.
• Carbon taxes for industries.
• Congestion charges.
• Fuel taxes.