Caribbean society

 Coined

by Auguste Comte (1798-1857)
–society – knowledge knowledge of society

 “Socio”  “Logos”

 Translation-

. our everyday experiences and our interpretation of the world around us. The focus of society is on the societal influences that shape our behavioural patterns .

 Provides us with an understanding of our selves and our society around us by providing us with concepts that describes our social actions and how they influence us. learn about who we are and how similar or different we are from different social arrangements.  We .

 We need to learn how to collect and analyze information about our society and its members rather than to rely on information we encounter by chance. prompts us to examine closely the taken for granted assumptions that guide our lives and encourages us to entertain alternative views  It .

 It helps us to move beyond commonsense and describe more accurately our social behaviour. helps us understand past and existing social arrangements that govern our lives as human beings  It .

most all embracing social organization group of individuals who interact with one another and develop patterns of behaviour A . Type  The of social organisation longest enduring.

 These patterns may include:  A common set of laws  Customs  Cultural heritage  Class structure  Language  values . Common patterns of behaviour makes us more similar to one another than we are to persons in other societies.

 The way of life of a people  Defines what is important or unimportant to a society as people interact with each other  Develops  All the values. norms and customs that individuals share with each other .

 It is shared – collectively experienced and agreed upon  It is learnt – transmitted from one generation to another through socialization  It is taken for granted  It is symbolic. Flag  it is variable over time & place – it is dynamic .things or behaviour to which we give meaning e.g.

 Allows us to communicate with others through language as a guide for us to live by and helps us to distinguish between right and wrong and reasonable and unreasonable  Serves  Makes us able to anticipate and predict behaviours of others based on how we have been socialized .

 Material  Material and Non-material culture . musical instruments  Non-material culture – abstract human creations like language. buildings. norms. Ideas and beliefs of human society  “the collection of ideas and habits which they learn. philosophies. customs.g. share and transit from generation to generation”. laws. Clothing.tangible aspects of our society e. values. 1945) . paintings. (Linton.

   . They motivate behaviour and serve as a source of integration and conflict within and across societies. good or bad. desirable or undesirable.   BELIEFS statements held to be true by members of a society. They are abstract and general and they involve beliefs about what we hold about what is important. VALUES Issues we consider important or unimportant. to us as individuals and to society as a whole.

 An expected socially accepted way of behaving in any given social situation. .  In most instances they are outward expressions of society’s deeply held shared values. The shared rules and guidelines that govern our actions in society.  Important for defining boundaries as they specify behavioural expectations by defining what are correct and incorrect ways of responding to situations.

g. Not having good manners . Norms that ordinary people follow in everyday life  Relatively weak norms that are mildly enforced  Conformity is expected but not insisted upon  Do not attract serious sanctions when violated  E.

 Widely observed cultural norms  Usually attract very serious sanctions when violated  Strictly reinforced  Standards or guides for behaviour e. Murder. flag burning .g. bigamy.

 Behaviours that society treats with extreme revulsion (disgust)  Social norms dictate that these behaviours should not be entertained  Examples: Incest. Cannibalism .

 An expression of a very strong moral norm that exists to explicitly control people’s behaviour  Written norms that are included in a society’s code’s of behaviours  Non –conformity is punishable and depends on which legal norm is broken .

g. Handshake  Make .A form of social control – negative sanctions are usually applied when violated human interactions fairly predictable e.

organized system of behavioural patterns that each society develops to meet its basic needs. norms and roles. which establishes the context in which we live.  Each institution has its own set of values.  They provide routine patterns for dealing with predictable problems of social life. Social institutions represent an enduring.  Some are formal while others are informal .

 The first and probably the most important social institution  We learn the basic characteristics of being human  Acceptable behaviour  RELIGION -Provide moral codes by which we live by .

our courts and the prison system . Transit modern norms and values  Teach necessary skills and expertise o individuals to be able to function in adult life  THE LEGAL SYSTEM  The law is used to maintain social order by means of the police.

 Emerging social institution  Disseminate information  Influence is most important in developed countries  Examples: radio. newspapers . internet. television.

(2005): 2 nd. University of the West Indies . ed. Thurab-Nkhosi. Introduction to Sociology. D.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.