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The Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG) was founded by Ericsson, IBM, Intel, Nokia and Toshiba in February 1998 to develop as open specification for short-range wireless connectivity.

1994 Ericsson study complete/vision 1995 Engineering work begins 1997 Intel agrees to collaborate 1998 Bluetooth SIG formed: Ericsson, Intel, IBM, Nokia and Toshiba 1999 Bluetooth Specification 1.0A SIG promotor group expanded: 3Com, Lucent, Microsoft & Motorola 2000 Bluetooth Specification 1.0B, 2000+ adopters 2001 First retail products released, Specification 1.1 (JSR-82 Java for Bluetooth API based on Spec v1.1) 2003 Bluetooth Specification 1.2 2004 Bluetooth Specification 2.0

Who Started Bluetooth?

Ericsson Mobile Communication
Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG) -5 founding members -Ericsson, Nokia, IBM, Intel & Toshiba Promoters Group - 3COM, Lucent, Microsoft, Motorola Now over 1900 members

What Is Bluetooth?
Designed to be used to connect both mobile devices and peripherals that currently require a wire Simplifying communications between: - devices and the internet - data synchronization

USB without wires

Short range wireless radio technology - operate range of 10 meters

What is Bluetooth?
Bluetooth wireless technology is an open specification for a low-cost, low-power, short-range radio technology for ad-hoc wireless communication of voice and data anywhere in the world.

Bluetooth Application Programming, p.3

Technical meaning :-Technically, is a chip to be plugged into computers, printers, mobile phones, etc. Designed by taking the information normally carried by the cable, and transmitting it at a special frequency to a receiver Bluetooth chip which will then give information received to these mobile devices.

Main Strength:
Ability to simultaneously handle both data and voice transmissions such as headset for voice calls.

Technical Features
2.4 GHz ISM Open Band
Globally free available frequency 79 MHz of spectrum = 79 channels Frequency Hopping & Time Division Duplex (1600 hops/second)

10-100 Meter Range

Class I 100 meter (300 feet) Class II 20 meter (60 feet) Class III 10 meter (30 feet)

1 Mbps Gross Rate Simultaneous Voice/Data Capable

Key Features:
Robustness, low complexity, low power and low cost

Bluetooth Vision
Originally conceived as a cable replacement technology Other usage models began to develop:
Personal Area Network (PAN) Ad-hoc networks Data/voice access points Wireless telematics

Advantages (+)
Wireless (No Cables)
Low Power Consumption (1 Milliwat)

Industry Wide Support

Disadvantages (-)
Short range (10 meters)
Small throughput rates

- Data Rate 1.0 Mbps

Mostly for personal use (PANs)

Bluetooth Components

Four major components:

Radio Unit (radio transceiver) Baseband Unit (flash memory & CPU) Software Stack (driver software) Application Software (user interface)

How Does It Work?

Bluetooth is a standard

for tiny, radio frequency chips that can be plugged into your devices
These chips were designed to

take all of the information that your wires normally send, and transmit it at a special frequency to something called a receiver Bluetooth chip.

Bluetooth Frequency
Has been set aside by the ISM for exclusive use of Bluetooth wireless products

Communicates on the 2.45 GHz frequency

Avoiding Interference : Hopping

Bluetooth uses a technique called spread-spectrum frequency hopping.

In this technique, a device will use 79 individual, randomly chosen frequencies within a designated range Transmitters change frequency 1600 times a second

Wireless connectivity over Bluetooth

Bluetooth Products
Bluetooth-enabled PC Card

Bluetooth Products
Bluetooth-enabled Head Set

Other Products
2004 Toyota Prius hands free calls Toshiba Washer & Dryer downloads the washer/dryer software for new clothes! Nokia N-gage Digital Pulse Oximetry System

Bluetooth Specifications
Each channel is divided into time slots 625 microseconds long Packets can be up to five time slots wide

Data in a packet can be up to 2,745 bits in length

File Transfer
Basic transferring of files between
computers File type does not matter Human interference does not degrade transfer rates Movement between Bluetooth units does alter transfer rates

Data Transfer
Transfer Rate vs. Distance
35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 25 50 75
Distance (ft)
Transfer Rate (bps)




Target Markets
Telecommunications Networking Computing

Medical Vertical Markets (Hotels,Airports,Healthcare)

The End


AMIT BHUKAL (9034610883)