Textile Printing Printing is the process to make colors on the textile materials with the presence of thickener to give sharp design. The thickener will be removed after the printing process to make softer handle. Classification of Textile Printing 1. Direct Printing Printing on material directly with the ink on the designed goods. 2. Reverse Printing Printing on the goods by printing ink on background (opposite printing).

Textile Printing Process

1. Fabric Preparation 2. Silk Screen/Rotary Screen/Roller Preparation 3. Print paste Preparation 4. Print ink preparation 5. Printing on fabric 6. Drying 7. Fixing 8. Washing and Soaping 9. Final Drying

Machinery for printing

1. Screen Printing: 1.1 Silk Screen Printing: This method is usually used in small and medium factories. Using silk screen fabric covering the frame, the ink will pass through the fabric without covering the design by a sharp edge rubber plate . 1.2 Rotary Screen Printing: This method uses nickel net in cylindrical shape as the screen. A squeegee is fitted inside the screen and the screen presses on the fabric. The ink will pass through the net without covering the design.

Rotary Screen Printing Machine


the fabric ink jet printer has a least 4 colors (yellow. 3. When pressing the roller with some ink on it. red. Roller Printing: A copper roller is engraved by some acids to have some areas acted as an ink reservoir. Ink jet Printing: Now ink-jet printing is coming out to solve some problems about how to print a photo-like picture. 6 . Like paper ink jet printer. blue. the fabric will have a design like the roller.2. Some manufacturers offered 8 colors to make vivid and natural pictures. and black).

Fabric Inkjet Printing Machine 7 .

Fabric Inkjet Printing Machine 8 .

Fabric Inkjet Printing Machine 9 .

Types and inks that can be used in textile printing Fabrics Cotton Inks Pigment. Vat Protein Reactive Polyester Disperse. Reactive. Pigment Polyester/cotton blends Pigment 10 .

FlatJet Dispensing & Printing Technology .

FlatJet O Liquid dispensing O High Throughput Printing .

Objective O The development of the technology is motivated by the gap between production rate of a conventional offset and the digital systems. O Other ink-jet developers are searching solutions to reduce the ejected ink quantity – this technology aim was opposite – the high flow rate. .

. 1 mm size details can hardly be distinguished.The aimed resolution O The theoretical limit of the human eye’s resolution is 1’ angle – it means that from 3 meter viewing distance. O Basic objective was to find solution to produce images for large distance observation with as high throughput as possible.

Human eye’s resolution 3 mm = 1 mm = 0.1mm !? .

possibility of low production costs O very low & extremely high liquid flow O Possibility of media-wide operating largeformat digital systems O Individually replaceable printing elements .The result O simple robust construction.

Simple and easy to manufacture O FlatJet is assembled of a metal plate and tube. and a piezo-ceramic disc O Simple and relatively robust mechanical construction O Conventional materials and manufacturing .

The head .

The liquid transfer O From pico-liter range ejection up to 50 microliters/s continuous flow .

The FlatJet method ink .

Principle Cylinder Piston Ink droplet A Ink conducting tube Ink droplet Ink .

Principle Ink droplets Ink Ink droplets Ink .

Principle y=a Piezoceramic transducer (static deformation) X=0 Y=0 x=a x=-a y=-a .

Principle Piezoceramic transducer (vibrating deformation) Plate resonator with piezoceramic transducer .

Principle Ink conducting and plate resonator Ink FlatJet head .

Principle Overture Resonance Displacement Tube length Vibrating mass Variation of the vibrating amplitude .

Principle One droplet creating cycle Exciting break-away threshold of droplets Vibrating amplitude Min % Multiplie droplet creating cycle Exciting break-away threshold of droplets Vibrating amplitude Max % .

Ejected ink beam .

Ejection process Microscopic shot with high speed camera. with shifted exposure phases .

Principle Side View Plate resonator Front View nozzle piezoceramic J ink spray Ink Ink conducting tube .

Ejected volume versus driving frequency ejected liquid quantity with 1 ms excitation around the resonance frequency 20 volume [nl] 15 10 5 0 190 192 194 196 frequency [kHz] 198 200 202 .

Ejected volume versus activating time Ejected liquid quantity at different excitation time 20 volume [nl] 15 10 5 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 excitation time [microsecond] .

Pixel structure .

Pixel structure .

Color mode FlatJet Raster color .

Pixels Size m Nozl e f Media Ink Spray w .

Principle Side View Plate resonator Front View nozzle piezoceramic J ink spray Ink Ink conducting tube .

64 head test printing bar .


Planed media-wide printer .

Application fields O Printing on ordinary materials O Printing on special materials O Different applications O Chemical. Pharmaceutical or Microbiological dispensers O Moisturizers .

Printing on ordinary materials O Industrial media-wide large-format ink-jet printing O Low cost media. low cost inks & low operating costs O Wide variety of media & inks O Computer to print technology .

First Industrial Application Zimmer GmbH (A) Chromotex Textile Printer .


QUICKER O Possible 1 sq. meter per second printing speed O The printing width can be increased without limits .

BETTER O High tone / color resolution (possibly 256 shade in a pixel) O High color saturation pigmented inks O Environmentally friendly water based inks O High tolerance in ink parameters (viscosity up to 15 mPas) .

CHEAPER O Low cost media O Low cost inks O Low operating costs O Quick return of investment .

15E printing blanket. The blanket was designed with single-ply construction to allow maximum repeat accuracy with rotary screen printers. All important printing parameters can be monitored remotely using the Durst Advanced Remote Diagnostics (DARD™) system for process control. Germany. introduced the Kappa 180. showed the Print 66462.  Forbo Siegling GmbH.Printing  Durst Phototechnik AG. Italy. reactive or disperse dyes at speeds up to 606 square meters per hour (m2/hr). 48 5/6/2012 DYEING & PRINTING . an ink-jet printer that uses the proprietary Quadro print head system to produce printed goods using acid.

PRINTING:CONT…. offering customers an opportunity to upgrade equipment at 49 minimum capital cost. The newest printer in the Pegasus line. with new Printer Server 7 RIP software. introduced a new digital printer. The digital drive introduced with the EVO can be retrofitted on older printers. was shown with enhanced flexibility and remote diagnostic capabilities. Switzerland.  Stork Prints BV. Up to 16 rolls at 15-mm width can be printed simultaneously at a speed of 0.4 meters per minute (m/min).85 meters wide at speeds up to 555 m2/hr with 600 dots per inch (dpi) resolution. can print eight colors on fabrics 1. the Netherlands.. 5/6/2012 5/6/2012 DYEING & PRINTING . the Pegasus EVO.  Jakob Müller AG. unveiled the MDP2 MÜPRINT2. The Sphene. an ink-jet printing system for narrow polyester fabrics measuring 15 to 400 millimeters (mm).

and resolution up to 720 dpi can be achieved. Austria.PRINTING:CONT….2 meters wide ranging from lightweight silk to heavy toweling. introduced the Colaris printer.200 m2/hr depending on the specific configuration chosen. touted as the most economical digital printer available.  Zimmer Maschinenbau GmbH. and can be joined to an inline continuous pretreatment range. Printing speeds range up to 1.. 50 DYEING & PRINTING 5/6/2012 . This printer can print eight colors on fabrics up to 3.

KG. 51 DYEING & PRINTING 5/6/2012 . and thin film deposition.A. New applicators were shown that allow simultaneous coating of bi-elastic knitted fabrics on upper and lower sides of the fabric inline with a tenter frame. graft polymerization. A modified corona discharge electrode system provides the helium-based plasma in the roll-to-roll lab and production units.NEW TECHNOLGY OF Finishing:  Arioli S. exhibited an atmospheric pressure plasma unit for surface cleaning and etching. introduced several additions to its Techno-Line coating line.p. Italy. Fabrics can be treated in 2.  Brückner Trockentechnik GmbH & Co.4-meter width at 25 m/min. Germany..

 Erhardt + Leimer GmbH. thermoplastic or functional powders are imbedded in the textile with the aid of a high-voltage electric field. useful tenter frame add-ons.  Fibroline. Dry thermosetting. The ELCount system uses high-resolution cameras to automatically measure the pick count of fabric as it enters and exits the tenter. 5/6/2012 DYEING & PRINTING . Further thermal processing produces the final finished textile without the need for water or solvent evaporation 52 . showed several FINISHING:CONT…. presented its D-Preg™ dry powder impregnation system for composites and technical textiles. Germany. The ELCut BTA 80 trims the glued edges of fabric at the tenter exit and suctions away the trim automatically. Fabric temperature and residual moisture as well as exhaust moisture and tenter temperature can all be monitored with the ELMat system. France.

The Matex Ecoapplicator is a kiss roll chemical applicator for wet-ondry or wet-on-wet finishing that can treat both sides of a fabric with minimum wet pickup while automatically adjusting the kiss rolls to maintain the desired wet pickup. KG. 53 DYEING & PRINTING 5/6/2012 . FINISHING:CONT…. offered several new or improved products for fabric finishing. as well as the Eco Booster HRC that uses exhaust air to heat incoming air. The redesigned Monfortex 8000 provides compressive shrinkage to fabric at 20-percent-higher speeds with 40-percent-less water usage and 20-percentlonger belt life. Germany. The redesigned Montex 8000 tenter frame has improved air flow to reduce chemical or dye migration during drying.O Monforts Textilmaschinen GmbH & Co.

f FINISHING:CONT… FIG:chemical or dye Monforts' redesignedMontex 8000 tenter frame offers improved air flow to reduce migration during drying 54 5/6/2012 DYEING & PRINTING .

This compressive-shrinkage machine measures shrinkage continuously online. Morrison Textile Machinery Co. highlighted an improved belt for compressive shrinkage. The Daytex® Shrinkage Belt is seamless and has unique curved edges to increase belt life significantly. and controls temperature and moisture levels to automatically maintain the desired shrinkage within set parameters. Fort Lawn. Germany.. Coating units are available for offline coating as well as coaters that mount directly on warp knit or 55 looms 5/6/2012 DYEING & PRINTING .  Ontec.C. FINISHING:CONT…. the SanforTROL™. Germany. S. exhibited a closed-loop Sanfor machine.  Oerlikon Textile Components GmbH. showed a complete line of coating systems..

Italy. Actual energy consumption is calculated in real time and displayed for use in process optimization. offered the ECO- OPTIDRYcontroller for drying and heat-setting processes. This radio-frequency dryer for yarn packages has the capacity to dry more than 9 tons per day of cotton yarn.p..A. exhibited the RF 180 kW dryer.Energy savings of 30 percent can be realized. 56 5/6/2012 DYEING & PRINTING .  Stalam S.FINISHING:CONT…  Cintex-Pleva. Switzerland.

html O http://www.References: O rotaryprinting.htm O kjet/page06.screenweb.html O http://www.htm DYEING & PRINTING 5/6/2012 57 .Assistant Professor Dr.ourindia. Apichart /

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