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QUESTION #1

A soccer team just became first in the national league. The players which were on the field just after the referee blew the final signal wanted to congratulate each other by shaking hands. Assuming that each player shook hands with every other player only once, how many time were the hands shaken in total? (There are of course 11 players in a soccer team)

So in total hands were shaken 10 + 9 + 8 + 7 + 6 + 5 + 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = Answer: =55 times. 2. and 11. 3. . player 3 has now to shake still 8 times.. 4.. So this counts for 10 shakes. ..SOLUTION AND ANSWER Solution Just name the players 1. and 11. . .. So continuing. and 11... Player 1 has to shake hands with player 2. Player 2 has already shaken hands with player 1.. 3. He still has to shake hands with player 3. So this counts for 9 shakes. then player 4 7 times.

On the second day the hiker walked 2 hours longer and at an average speed 1 mph faster than he walked on the first day. If during the two days he walked a total of 64 miles and spent a total of 18 hours walking.Question #2 A hiker walked for two days. what was his average speed on the first day? .

from which t1 = 8 and t2 = 10 s2 = s1 + 1 and s1 * t1 + s2 * t2 = 64 so 8*s1 + 10*(s1+1) = ANSWER: 64. from which s1 = 3 .ANSWER AND SOLUTION Solution When t=time and s=speed: t1 + t2 = 18 and t2 = t1 + 2.

..QUESTION #3 Today... one digit of the bank account number became unreadable.. so it is impossible for John to call his friend. But since he had forgotten to take out the paper from his trousers when he put them in the washing machine. He has written down the account number on a piece paper. + the nineth digit times 1 should be divisible by 11. John has to transfer 50 euro to the bank account of a Dutch friend. Suddenly he remembers that a for a valid Dutch bank account number it holds that the first digit times 9 + the second digit times 8 + the third digit times 7 + . The friend of John is climbing the Mount Everest at the moment. John thinks for a moment and finds the correct number. What is it? . The note says: 3170?4847.

ANSWER AND SOLUTION Solution Let us call the unreadable number x.. The bank account number is hence 3170x4847. . Since 132 = 11*12 it follows that 7 + 5 * x should be divisible by 11. That only works if x = 3.. + the nineth digit times 1 should be divisible by 11. in other words 139 + 5 * x should be divisible by 11... ANSWER: Hence the correct bank account number is 317034847. The first digit times 9 + the second digit times 8 + the third digit times 7 + .. So 27 + 8 + 49 + 0 + 5*x + 16 + 24 + 8 + 7 should be divisible by 11.

What is the price of the two things Bob has bought? . But what he does not notice is that he pressed the division instead of the addition button. With his pocket calculator he calculates in advance what he has to pay: 5.25 dollars. At the desk he is not surprised if he hears that he has to pay 5.QUESTION #4 Bob buys two things in a shop.25 dollars.

41.25 * y = 5.41 dollars.84 and x = 4. Pluggin this into the second equation gives that 6. .25.25*y.25 According to the shop x + y = 5.ANSWER AND SOLUTION Solution: Let us call the two prices of the things x and y. This gives y = 0. According to Bob's (wrong) calculation: x / y = 5.84 and 4. From the first equation it follows that x = 5.25. Answer: So the things Bob has bought costed 0.

He decides to tell every night four of his daughters a fairy tale. but in such a way that every night.QUESTION #5 A sultan has 14 daughters. there will be another combination of four daughters. How many nights will keep the sultan busy telling fairy tales? .

C.B. .C... D. this is the same as F. In total this are 24024 combinations. D. I.. C. and F are listening to a fairy tale. So in total the X ere are 24024 / 24 = 1001 distinct combinations.. Answer: The sultan will hence tell fairy tales for 1001 nights. that is if for example A. But some of the combinations are equalt. There are 4 * 3 * 2 * 1 = 24 permuations which are equal. and A.Answer and Solution Solution: Name the daughters of the sultan A. On a particular day the sultan can choose in 14 * 13 * 12 * 11 ways 4 daughters.

The middle part of the wire is 20 meters above ground level.QUESTION #6 A wire with a length of 60 meter is hanging between two high voltage pylons. How far are the high voltage pylons standing apart? . The wire is connected to the pylons at a height of 50 meters.

ANSWER AND SOLUTION Solution: because the length of the wire is exactly enough to go down from one pylon to the lowest point (30 meter) and up again (30 meter). Answer: 0 meter .

05 mm. how thick should the envelope be that can fit the letter? Assume that the thickness of a piece of paper is about 0.QUESTION #7 If you would fold a letter in two fifty times. .

1 x 2 = 0.2 x 2 = 0.05 mm.. ANSWER: Compare this to he distance between the earth and the sun which is about 150 million kilometers! .ANSWER AND SOLUTION Solution 1st time folding: 0.2 mm 3rd time folding: 0..1 mm 2nd time folding: 0. 50st time folding: 2 to the power 50 times 0.4 mm .05 x 2 = 0.

The third goes to every third locker and. if it is closed. After the process is completed with the thousandth student. The principal asks the first student to go to every locker and open it. how many lockers are open? . he opens it.QUESTION #8 A high school has as strange principal. On the first day. and so on. he closes it. and if it is open. he has his students perform an odd opening day ceremony: There are one thousand lockers and one thousand students in the school. The fourth student does this to every fourth locker. Then he has the second student go to every second locker and close it.

So the number of open lockers is the number of perfect squares less than or equal to one thousand. etc) because they are the only numbers divisible by an odd number of whole numbers. up to thirty one squared. which means they will be left open. these lockers will be "changed" an odd number of times.Solution: The only lockers that remain open are perfect squares (1. four squared. and therefore out of range. 9. All the other numbers are divisible by an even number of factors and will consequently end up closed. three squared. every factor other than the number's square root is paired up with another. These numbers are one squared. 4. ANSWER AND SOLUTION . Thus.) ANSWER: So the answer is thirty one. 16. two squared. and so on. (Thirty two squared is greater than one thousand.

etc. How much time is that? . from the beginning till the end. He wonders how much time it will take them to pass the bridge when they stay marching with the same speed. At some point the soldiers have to pass a very small bridge. 1 minute. However. The dog of the commander runs along the row from the end till the beginning. This takes always 2 minutes.QUESTION #9 A long and straight row of soldiers is marching with constant speed. 2 minutes. the commander does not trust the strength bridge completely. from the end till the beginning etc.

So since the bridge was very small ANSWER: they will also pass it in 4 minutes. and now he is at the end. So since the dog ran 2 minutes in both directions.ANSWER AND SOLUTION Solution: It takes the dog 1 minute to run from the first to the last man. this implies that it takes the marching soldiers 4 minutes to pass a point. Then he runs 2 minutes from the last to the first man and then 1 minute back from the first man to the last man. after 4 minutes he is at the same point where he was 4 minutes ago. Since 4 minutes ago he was at the beginning of the row. .

She applies the same procedure to the second. In the city she meets four vagabonds. With how many coins did she leave home? . She gives the first vagabond 4 coins and a quarter of the number of coins which is left in the bag.QUESTION #10 A very rich lady goes with a bag of coins (not more than 400) to the city. third and fourth vagabond (so division by 4 worked always).

So she should have brought 4 * 4 * 4 * 4 ANSWER: = 256 coins.) .ANSWER AND SOLUTION SOLUTION: There are many ways to solve this problem. she had be able to divide 4 times by 4 without a remainder. in total 13 coins.. You would have found this number 13 immediately if the lady had brought 12 coins in addition (52) and then divided by four! This implies that if the lady brings 12 coins in addition. The first vagabond gets 4 and 1/4 * 36 = 9. Suppose that the lady starts with 40 coins. 756. in reality the lady brought 256 .. But since we "borrowed" 12 coins. (the other possibilities are 500. But there is at least one simple way to solve it..12 = 244 coins to the city. .

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