18 views

Original Title: Chapter 2

Uploaded by Solehan Imran Shariffudin

- MAJ05VV
- Electronics_final.pdf
- Electrical Cable Fault Locating
- SETTING CALCULATION
- Duty Cycle, de-rating and re-rating
- Wine Bottle LED Gel Lamp
- BOURNS CR0603_CR0805_CR1206
- Types of Resistors
- Problem2 Solution
- Lecture #2
- lab 7 series-parallel combination circuits
- Resistance Relationships
- RS500-3
- SPLN UKR SR GAP 11D_1978.pdf
- Capacitor
- Ae801 Application Note
- equations-calculations-design
- EC105
- Circuit
- Chapter13pp122-133.pdf

You are on page 1of 21

Chapter 2

OHMS LAW

Resistance is a measure of how much an

object opposes the passage of electrons. The unit of electrical resistance is the ohm and it is represented by Every material has Resistance. Copper has a low resistance and wood has a high resistance. For example, a meter of copper has a resistance of only 1 Ohm but a metre of wood has a resistance of 10000000 ohm

2

Cont

Good conductors copper and aluminum

[low resistance]

Good resistor mica and paper [high

resistance]

Ohms Law describe mathematically how

voltage, current and resistance in a circuit are related. Ohms law can be stated as:

V=IR

Where:

4

Resistor

Resistor - an electrical device that resists the

Usually made from metallic alloys and carbon

compounds

i R FIGURE 2.2 : Circuit symbol for resistor

5

Resistor gives off heat when there is current

through it. The limit to the amount of heat that a resistor can give off is specified by its power rating. Power rating is the maximum amount of power that a resistor can dissipate without being damage by excessive heat build up. It determined mainly by physical composition, size and shape of the resistor. Ex: larger resistor surface area, more power can dissipate.

Cont

Metal-film resistor are available in standard

power rating from 1/8W to 1W. Power rating must be greater than max power the resistor can handle. Ex: a resistor can dissipate 0.75W, its rating should go for 1W Ideally, rating should twice value higher than actual power.

metal film resistor.

I= 10mA

10 V

R 120

R 1000

(a)

(b)

P= I2R = (10mA)2(1000) = 0.1W At least 1/8W (0.125W) resistor should be used in this case.

8

(a) P=V2/R

=(10V)2/120 =0.833W So, we need to select a higher power rating resistor. 1W resistor should be used.

Fixed resistor are available with large

selection of resistance and cannot be change Its come in Four Band Color Code and Five-Band Color Code.

Identifying resistors

The scheme is simple: The first two numbers are the first two significant digits of the resistance value, the third is a multiplier, and the fourth is the tolerance of the value. Each color corresponds to a certain number, shown in the chart below. The tolerance for a 4-band resistor will be 2%, 5%, or 10%.

10

11

Example

A) If the first band is green (5) the second

digit is blue (6) and the third band is orange (3), the value of the resistor is 56000 ohm. Because 1000 Ohm = 1 K, we have 56k B) red, red, yellow. So we have 2, 2, 0000 or 220K Ohm

12

percentage of tolerance for each resistor below:

a.

b.

c.

13

Short Circuit

If R = 0, short circuit

Open Circuit

If R = , open circuit

lim v i 0 R R (Eq. 2. 4)

Current is zero, voltage could be anything

Conductance (kealiran)

Reciprocal of resistance, denoted by G.

1 G (Eq. 2. 5) R

1S=1

= 1A/V

Example

For the circuit shown below, calculate the voltage v, the conductance G, and the power p.

i + v -

2mA

10k

Solution 2.1

For the circuit shown below, calculate the voltage v, the conductance G, and the power p. From the figure ,we know i = 2 mA =2 x 10-3 A, R = 10 k = 10 x 103

2mA 10k

i + v -

v = iR = 2 x 10-3 x 10 x 103 = 20 x 100 = 20 V G = 1/R = 1/ 10 x 103 = 1 x (10-1+(-3)) = 1 x 10 -4 Siemens p = iv = 2 x 10-3 x 20 = 4 x 101-3 = 4 x 10-2 W

Fixed Resistors

variable resistor

Exercise!!!

The voltage across a 5 K Ohm resistor is 16 V. Find the current through the resistor. 2. Find the hot resistance of a lightbulb rated 60 W, 120 V. 3. When the voltage across a resistor is 120 V, the current through it is 2.5 mA. Calculate its conductance.

1.

Solution!

- MAJ05VVUploaded bysnewton6752
- Electronics_final.pdfUploaded byMuhammad Usman
- Electrical Cable Fault LocatingUploaded byaqazam
- SETTING CALCULATIONUploaded byNeelakandan Masilamani
- Duty Cycle, de-rating and re-ratingUploaded byLeslie Green
- Wine Bottle LED Gel LampUploaded byjumpupdnbdj
- BOURNS CR0603_CR0805_CR1206Uploaded byBertus
- Types of ResistorsUploaded byhossam123
- Problem2 SolutionUploaded bysuperstring
- Lecture #2Uploaded bywerewaro
- lab 7 series-parallel combination circuitsUploaded byapi-253978194
- Resistance RelationshipsUploaded byJanica Rheanne Japsay
- RS500-3Uploaded byHusejin Mehmedović
- SPLN UKR SR GAP 11D_1978.pdfUploaded byBayo Regar Mangharopsamoniscinta
- CapacitorUploaded byRajasekhar Raj
- Ae801 Application NoteUploaded bynewton_1987
- equations-calculations-designUploaded byapi-223403802
- EC105Uploaded byapi-3853441
- CircuitUploaded byZeeshan Mahmood
- Chapter13pp122-133.pdfUploaded byInderMahesh
- WSR3R0200FEAUploaded byRodrigo Bronzeri
- 1862 a MegohmmeterUploaded byBash Mat
- ElectricidadUploaded bytedarpe
- Tap1000 SeriesUploaded bycjsalazarb78
- HW10SolutionsUploaded byShaodong Huang
- P2_LOhmUploaded byAjaib Saya Analco
- Coolant TempUploaded byandres.arria
- Close Exam 1-ComUploaded byJoel Morada Balan
- engr 118 study guide.docxUploaded bymiami14

- NHO Code of Practice for Healthcare Records Management Version 2 0Uploaded byKhirod Sahu
- OpheliaUploaded bySila Maribel Laboriano Miliân
- Isa Symbology plant diagramsUploaded byMohammed Abdul Jabbar
- HP UX Common+Unix+CommandsUploaded bygrind_
- HowToBuildATextSummarizerTutorial (2)Uploaded byMihai Coscodan
- Drmg149.pdfUploaded byGuillaumeRicher
- IDERA WP BlockingandLockingUploaded byJuan Moreno Albinagorta
- St Pat Charity_app 2012_13Uploaded bybrenbrown
- Fundamentals of Power System Protection SeminarUploaded byMohsin Ali
- uahengo_estimating_2014 (1).pdfUploaded byCarlos Soler
- Bio dataUploaded bysamit ray barman
- Spider ReportUploaded byBodhayan Prasad
- LV 31Uploaded byharizazrinoordin
- Deloitte TemplatesUploaded byjitendrasutar1975
- Baby Boomer ConsumersUploaded byHE Neter Alkebulan
- Wireless Electronic Notice Board Using GsmUploaded bySaravanan Viswakarma
- the-faith-and-moral-teachings-of-jesus-of-nazareth-pdf.pdfUploaded byc0ldb00t
- LESSON 2 - Creativity and Business IdeaUploaded byRochelle Dominguez
- Microprocessor FileUploaded byHarshal Ambatkar
- A Study on the Thermal Behavior of Traditional Residential Buildings_ Rasoulian House Case Study - ScienceDirectUploaded bymayacinco
- Das Holontalo, Glossar und grammatische SkizzeUploaded byLinas Kondratas
- Relative Spraint Density and Genetic Structure of Otter (Lutra Lutra)Uploaded byImèneHermassi
- Digital Europe Music Case StudyUploaded byPilgrimSpy
- shelter Quick Installation Guide for HuaweiUploaded byFrancisco Salvador Mondlane
- aruba central user guide.pdfUploaded bymayank724432
- Process Mapping Techniques to Investigate the Implementation of CustomerUploaded byAdonis Saidler
- Advertising and CultureUploaded byDukyong Kim
- Civilised Guide to Javascript Array MethodsUploaded bykuslja246
- Json Light at a GlanceUploaded bymarkdstafford
- scribd-download.com_monitor-22512.pdfUploaded byShahd Sherif