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Dental Composites

Dental composites are highly cross-linked polymeric materials reinforced by a dispersion of glass, crystalline, or resin filler particles and/or short fibers bound to the matrix by silane coupling agents.

By: Fahad AlSobile

composite main structure

1 Matrix- A plastic resin material that forms a continuous phase and binds the filler particles 2. Filler-Reinforcing particles and/or fibers that are dispersed in the matrix 3. Coupling agent-Bonding agent that promotes adhesion between filler and resin matrix

composite phases
Matrix- silane coupling agent- filler

(Q)- Dentin and enamel are natural composites. Which components of enamel and dentin represent the filler and matrix structures in teeth analogous to those of resin-based composites?

By: Fahad AlSobile

Enamel: 95% inorganic hydroxyapatite. 1% organic enamelin structure. 4% water.

Dentine: 75% inorganic hydroxyapatite crystals. 20% orgarlic (type II collagen). 5% water.

Dental Composites - Resin Matrix: blend of dimethaclylate monomers such as bis-GMA, 'I'EGDMA and UDMA. - Fillers: quartz, glasses, particles, colloidal silica.
By: Fahad AlSobile

Benefits of Fillers
(1) reinforcement of the matrix resin, resulting in increased hardness, strength, and decreased wear. (2) reduction in polymerization shrinkage. (3) reduction in thermal expansion and contraction. (4) improved workability by increasing viscosity. (5) reduction in water sorption, softening, and staining. (6) increased radiopacity and diagnostic sensitivity.

By: Fahad AlSobile

coupling agents: silane coupling agents. Activator-initiator system - Chemically activated products are supplied into two (2) pastes, one of which contains the benzoyl peroxide (BP) initiator and the other an aromatic tertiary amine activator. - Light-Activated Resins. Camphorquinone (CQ) is a commonly used photosensitizer that absorbs blue light. The wavelength required for initiation is (468 nm)

By: Fahad AlSobile

Inhibitors: minimize or prevent spontaneous or accidental polymerization of monomers. Optical Modifiers: These pigments usually consist of minute amounts of metal oxide particles to mimic natural appearance of the teeth.

As general rule, minimizing the matrix increasing the filler

By: Fahad AlSobile