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SEMINAR PRESENTATION

TOPIC : ANTI TAMPER ENERGY METER

BY : SANCHITA DWIVEDI EN – IIIrd YEAR ROLL NO : 0202921043

INTRODUCTION
ANTI TAMPER ENERGY METER

ETHICAL CODE

TECHNICAL ASPECT

meter tampering .e.RED ALERT ! ELECTRICITY / ENERGY THEFT 1) Stealing by means of illegal / unlawful connections from the main supply. . 2) By tampering with the meter readings i.

.WHAT CAN WE DO TO PREVENT ENERGY THEFT ? 1) BE ALERT : Keep your eyes and ears open and alert the authorities if you happen to come across any illegal connection . provided you aren’t going for one ! 2) GET SMART ! Use Anti Tamper Energy Meters .

. DRIVING TORQUE ii) A Braking Device : To produce a BRAKING TORQUE . iii) A device for registering the number of revolutions made by the rotating element.WHAT IS AN ENERGY METER ? TYPES : (a) Electrolytic Meters (b) Motor Meters (c) Clock Meters These meters essentially consist of the following parts : i) An Operating System : To develop the.

INDUCTION TYPE ENERGY METER .

(c) BRAKING SYSTEM : Consist of a permanent magnet called the BREAK MAGNET . (d) REGISTERING/COUNTING SYSTEM : Consists of a train of gears driven by a pinion gear on the disc shaft which turns pointers & (b) .INDUCTION TYPE ENERGY METER Essentially consists of : (a) DRIVING SYSTEM : Comprises two electromagnets called the SHUNT MAGNET SERIES MAGNET MOVING SYSTEM : Consists of a rotating Aluminium Disc mounted on a vertical spindle & supported on a sapphire cup contained in a bottom bearing screw .

(d) REGISTERING/COUNTING SYSTEM : Consists of a train of gears driven by a pinion gear on the disc shaft which turns pointers & (b) .INDUCTION TYPE ENERGY METER Essentially consists of : (a) DRIVING SYSTEM : Comprises two electromagnets called the SHUNT MAGNET SERIES MAGNET MOVING SYSTEM : Consists of a rotating Aluminium Disc mounted on a vertical spindle & supported on a sapphire cup contained in a bottom bearing screw . (c) BRAKING SYSTEM : Consist of a permanent magnet called the BREAK MAGNET .

WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON TAMPERING CONDITIONS AND HOW CAN THEY BE DETECTED AND SUBSEQUENTLY KILLED ? i) Earth Fault Conditions ii) Missing Neutral Conditions iii) Reverse Power Conditions .

NORMAL SINGLE PHASE 2WIRE CONNECTION .

EARTH FAULT CONDITION .

& compares them . Results in mismatch b/w the phase & neutral currents . ..EARTH  FAULT CONDITION CONTINUED…. If they differ significantly . ADE7760 & ADE7761 indicate this earth fault condition & allow the meter to continue billing accurately.  Phase & neutral wires are swapped .  ADE7751 .  Load is connected to the earth . DETECTION & BILLING To chip measures the current on both energy wires – PHASE & NEUTRAL . the chip uses the larger of the two currents to bill the energy .

MISSING NEUTRAL CONDITION .

 DETECTION & BILLING Condition detected by continously monitoring the input voltage .  Since no voltage input is present . billing is done using only the current signal .power supply is provided by a separate circuitry.  In this condition .condition is called MISSING NEUTRAL.CONTINUED…… Voltage input & return current are missing .  .

REVERSE POWER CONDITION Phase & neutral are wired to wrong inputs .  .  Pulsed output polyphase product indicates if any or all of the 3-phases have reverse power.  DETECTION & BILLING Single phase pulsed output Energy Meter continues to bill accurately & also indicates to show that it is reverse power.  Current flows in the opposite direction of the norm .

(b) MAGNETIC INTERFERENCE    Large magnetic fields can cause mechanical failures. This option is configured digitally through the serial port interface of the ADE7754 or ADE7758 . Installing electronic meters with LCD displays helps avoid losses due to this type of tampering .ADDITIONAL ANTI-TAMPER SAFEGUARDS (a) ABSOLUTE VALUE ACCUMULATION   Signed addition of each phase’s energy can be set to accumulate based on the absolute value of each phase’s energy.The ADE7752 has logic input to configure absolute value accumulation . ICs can be interfaced to a microprocessor to create robust LCD display energy meters . .

ANTI TAMPER FEATURES PULSED OUTPUT ADE7751 ADE7755 ADE7757 ADE7760 ADE7761 ADE7752 Reverse power detection Reverse power billing Absolute value accumulation Missing neutral condition Missing neutral billing Earth fault condition detection Earth fault condition billing * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * .

SELECTION GUIDE : PULSED OUTPUT Single phase ADE7751 H/w calibration+anti tamper(watt only) ADE7757 ADE7757 ADE7760 ADE7761 Poly phase ADE7752 H/w calibration+(watt only H/w calibration+(watt only)with integrated oscillator H/wcalibration+anti tamper(watt only)with integrated oscillator H/w caliration+anti tamper(watt only)with integrated oscillator+missing neutral billing H/w calibration(way only) .

SELECTION GUIDE :SERIAL-PORT-INTERFACE Single phase ADE7753 ADE7756 ADE7759 ADE7759 S/w calibration(watt+VA+VAR+Vrms+Irms)with di/dt integrator S/w calibration +(watt only S/w calibration+(watt only)with di/dt integrator S/w calibration+(watt+VA+Vrms+Irms)with di/dt integrator S/w calibration watt(watt+VA+Vrms+Irms) Poly phase ADE7754 ADE7785 S/w calibration(per phase watt+VA+VAR+Vrms+Irms)with di/dt integrator .

. SERIAL ADE7751 PORT INTERFACI NG Reverse power detection Signed energy registers Absolute value accumulatio n ADE7755 ADE7757A ADE7760 ADE7761 ADE7752 * * * * * * * * * * * * .CONTINUED…….

 ADE7760 & ADE771 have low anti-tamper theshold of 6.25% .  ADE7760 & ADE7761 provide highly accurate active energy measurements with < 0.reactive & apparent energy can be performed in more sophisticated devices .  .  The missing neutral mode can be calibrated in the ADE7761 by adjusting a DC analog input during manufacturing of the meter.  Chips are designed to ensure that the meter is able to operate under most adverse tamper conditions .enabling more precious readings during Earth fault tamper conditions .SOME ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Greater efficiency & reduction in number of components by choosing chips that feature second-order sigma-delta ACDs & an internal oscillator .  Walt hour pulse o/ps from both devices allow direct interface to stepper motor display .1% gain error over a current dynamic range of 500:1 .  They are pin to pin compatible .  All possible measurements including active .  Can operate over a range of 40`C to 85`C .half that of comparable solutions .

ADVANCED DOMESTIC METERING provide a cost-effective solution for tariff applications A120/A140 ELECTRONIC SINGLE PHASE METER provides comprehensive tariff structure with the very latest in design of solid state electricity metering .APPLICATIONS SINGLE PHASE METERS Our line of electronic and electomechanical single phase meters give you a choice of cost-effective meters for measuring kilowatthour energy usage. A100 .

.CONTINUED …… A1520 ALPHA (ARM500) METER Meter for railway applications AB1 SINGLE PHASE METER A Elster Electricity's electromechanical meter is the most cost-effective meter for measuring kilowatt-hour energy usage E100 (SCORPION) METER characteristics remain unaltered in the most adverse operational and environmental conditions E110 (ME21/NE21) METERS These modern. lightweight meters feature a number of improvements in component and enclosure design. creating a precision and stable instrument with special anti-tampering characteristics.

Hence it also acts as an ethical code enforcer which keeps illegal and unlawful activities associated with the energy sector in check to an extent .  Are much more convenient to use than their electromechanical counterparts .  Continue billing uninterrupted . In short .CONCLUSION Anti tamper energy meters have brought about a revolution in energy production & energy consumption practices . .  Are easier to maintain .  Are not easily damaged by strong magnetic fields .  Have put an end to energy theft (to a certain extent) . There are various advantages which have been listed below :  Detect tamper conditions . it is not just a great technical find but can be termed as weapon to curb the malpractice of energy theft presently prevalent in the power sector.  Are more efficient than electromechanical energy meters .

THANK YOU ! ANY QUERIES ? ? ? .